Chapter 13 Test Period 3

43 Questions | Total Attempts: 35

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Chapter 13 Test Period 3

This is a the chapter test for Chapter 13 "The presidency"


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and Franklin Roosevelt each
    • A. 

      Increased the role of the national government.

    • B. 

      Decreased the role of the national government.

    • C. 

      Championed constraints on the scope of government and limits on domestic policy spending.

    • D. 

      Were ideologically conservative and operationally liberal.

    • E. 

      Blocked congressional-led government growth.

  • 2. 
    The two-term limit was placed on the presidency by
    • A. 

      An act of Congress passed after Franklin D. Roosevelt’s death.

    • B. 

      The Twenty-second Amendment.

    • C. 

      The Presidential Powers Act of 1951.

    • D. 

      The Twenty-fifth Amendment.

    • E. 

      Article II of the original Constitution.

  • 3. 
    In order to convict and remove an impeached president, it takes
    • A. 

      A two-thirds vote in the Senate.

    • B. 

      A majority vote in the Senate.

    • C. 

      A majority vote in the House of Representatives.

    • D. 

      A two-thirds vote in the House of Representatives.

    • E. 

      Both b and d are true.

  • 4. 
    What does the National Security Council do?
    • A. 

      It links the president’s key foreign and military policy advisors.

    • B. 

      It is responsible for all elements of national security.

    • C. 

      It is principally responsible for the president when he’s abroad.

    • D. 

      It is in charge of the Secret Service.

    • E. 

      It has responsibility for the FBI.

  • 5. 
    The three-member body appointed by the president to advise the president on economic policy is the
    • A. 

      Office of Management and Budget.

    • B. 

      Council of Economic Advisors.

    • C. 

      National Security Council.

    • D. 

      National Economic Council.

    • E. 

      Congressional Budget Office.

  • 6. 
    What is the difference between a veto and a pocket-veto?
    • A. 

      A veto refers to the constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for rejecting it; a pocket veto occurs when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill and the president simply lets the bill die by neither signing it nor sending it back.

    • B. 

      A pocket veto refers to the constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for rejecting it; a veto occurs when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill and the president simply lets the bill die by neither signing it nor sending it back.

    • C. 

      A veto can be overturned by a two-thirds majority vote of both houses of Congress; a pocket veto requires a two-thirds vote of the Senate only.

    • D. 

      A veto refers to the constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for rejecting it; the pocket veto has been declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

    • E. 

      The veto has rarely been exercised by modern presidents; the pocket veto has been exercised by modern presidents frequently.

  • 7. 
    What is required of Congress to overturn a presidential veto?
    • A. 

      A two-thirds vote in the House

    • B. 

      A two-thirds vote in the Senate

    • C. 

      A two-thirds vote in both the House and the Senate

    • D. 

      A three-fifths vote in both the House and the Senate

    • E. 

      A three-fourths vote in both the House and the Senate

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Negotiate treaties with other nations, subject to approval by the Senate.

    • B. 

      Negotiate budgetary legislation with the U.S. Senate.­

    • C. 

      Declare war.

    • D. 

      Mobilize the armed forces into combat.

    • E. 

      None of these is correct.

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Giving Congress a greater voice in committing American troops to armed conflict.

    • B. 

      Requiring presidents to consult with Congress before using military force.

    • C. 

      Mandating the withdrawal of troops after 60 days unless Congress declared war or granted an extension to the conflict.

    • D. 

      All of the above are true.

    • E. 

      None of the above is true.

  • 10. 
    Which president is known as the first “television president”?
    • A. 

      Nixon­

    • B. 

      Kennedy

    • C. 

      Carter

    • D. 

      Reagan

    • E. 

      Clinton

  • 11. 
    The notion that the presidency is a “bully pulpit” suggests that presidents can
    • A. 

      Persuade the public to support their policies if they are skilled communicators.

    • B. 

      Mobilize members of their parties to force legislation through Congress.

    • C. 

      Control the flow of information between the White House, the press, and the American public.

    • D. 

      Craft public speeches that dramatically influence public opinion.

    • E. 

      All of the above are true.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is TRUE of media coverage of the presidency?
    • A. 

      The media exhibit a liberal bias in covering the American presidency.

    • B. 

      The media exhibit a conservative bias in covering the American presidency.

    • C. 

      The media frequently distort reality in its coverage of the presidency, often by providing simplified, superficial, and overblown coverage.

    • D. 

      The media have almost unrestrained access to the White House and news about the president.

    • E. 

      The media have developed sophisticated tools to prevent the White House from controlling the flow of information.

  • 13. 
    As Richard Neustadt has argued, presidential power is probably best understood as the power to
    • A. 

      Persuade.

    • B. 

      Command.

    • C. 

      Control.

    • D. 

      Harass.

    • E. 

      Veto.­

  • 14. 
    According to the Constitution, a president must be at least ________ years of age.
    • A. 

      21

    • B. 

      25

    • C. 

      30

    • D. 

      35

    • E. 

      40

  • 15. 
    The only president to resign his office was
    • A. 

      Warren Harding.

    • B. 

      Jimmy Carter.

    • C. 

      Lyndon Johnson.

    • D. 

      Spiro Agnew.

    • E. 

      Richard Nixon.

  • 16. 
    In order to impeach a president, it takes a
    • A. 

      Unanimous vote of the Supreme Court.

    • B. 

      Two-thirds vote in the Senate.

    • C. 

      Majority vote in the House of Representatives.

    • D. 

      Two-thirds vote in the House of Representatives.

    • E. 

      Majority vote in the Senate.

  • 17. 
    Impeachment of a president means that the president is
    • A. 

      Convicted of a crime.

    • B. 

      Indicted by the House

    • C. 

      Removed from office.

    • D. 

      Tried by the Senate.

    • E. 

      All of the above are true.

  • 18. 
    The scandal surrounding Richard Nixon’s administration that led to impeachment hearings was known as
    • A. 

      Iran-Contra.

    • B. 

      The Camp David Affair.

    • C. 

      Watergate.

    • D. 

      Checkers.

    • E. 

      Teapot Dome.

  • 19. 
    Which of these is NOT one of the four generally held points regarding impeachable offenses?
    • A. 

      An impeachable offense must be against a specific article of the Constitution

    • B. 

      Impeachable behavior does not have to be a crime.

    • C. 

      The offense should be grave for it to be impeachable.

    • D. 

      A matter of policy disagreement is not grounds for impeachment.

    • E. 

      Impeachment is an inherently political process.

  • 20. 
    The executive power is discussed in which part of the Constitution?
    • A. 

      Article I

    • B. 

      Article II

    • C. 

      Article III

    • D. 

      Article IV

    • E. 

      Tenth Amendment

  • 21. 
    The Budget and Accounting Act of 1921
    • A. 

      Gave presidents the power to recommend agency budgets to Congress.

    • B. 

      Took away presidents’ powers to recommend agency budgets to Congress.

    • C. 

      Mandated the president to submit a balanced budget.

    • D. 

      Permitted the president to submit an unbalanced budget.

    • E. 

      Decentralized budgetary decision making in Washington, D.C.

  • 22. 
    The Office of Management and Budget, the National Security Council, and the Council of Economic Advisors are
    • A. 

      Members of the White House staff.

    • B. 

      Advisory bodies of the Department of State.

    • C. 

      Policymaking bodies of the Executive Office of the President.

    • D. 

      Part of the president’s cabinet.

    • E. 

      The key liaison agencies between the president and Congress.

  • 23. 
    The system of White House management employed by President John Kennedy, sometimes referred to as “wheels and spokes,”
    • A. 

      Dispersed authority to numerous aides, each of whom had powerful decision-making power.

    • B. 

      Was unusually closed, with only the president and his two closest aides involved in most major decisions.

    • C. 

      Created a position from which the president personally took charge of even the minor details of decision making.

    • D. 

      Involved a chain of command with a chief of staff who controlled almost all access to the president.

    • E. 

      Involved many aides equally participating in the decision-making process.

  • 24. 
    Which of the following best describes the position of First Lady?
    • A. 

      It is not an official government position.

    • B. 

      First Ladies must only advocate one issue at a time.

    • C. 

      Most First Ladies go on to hold a political office.

    • D. 

      First Ladies must attend cabinet meetings.

    • E. 

      The First Lady is in charge of the president’s chief of staff.

  • 25. 
    The pocket veto can only be used
    • A. 

      When a new president is about to take office.

    • B. 

      During a presidential election year.

    • C. 

      When Congress is in session.

    • D. 

      On appropriations bills.

    • E. 

      When Congress is adjourned.

  • 26. 
    The constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for objecting to it is the
    • A. 

      Veto.

    • B. 

      Pocket veto.

    • C. 

      Overdraft power.

    • D. 

      Legislative veto.

    • E. 

      Power to persuade.

  • 27. 
    When a president vetoes congressional legislation,
    • A. 

      Congress must form a joint committee to address the president’s complaints.

    • B. 

      The Supreme Court determines whether the law will take effect.

    • C. 

      Congress can override the veto by a two-thirds vote in both houses.

    • D. 

      There is nothing Congress can do about it.

    • E. 

      One house of Congress can override the veto if it votes to do so with a two-thirds vote.

  • 28. 
    In 1998, the Supreme Court ruled in Clinton v. City of New York that
    • A. 

      A 1996 law granting the president the authority to propose rescinding funds in appropriation bills was unconstitutional

    • B. 

      A 1996 law granting the president the authority to propose rescinding funds in appropriations bills was constitutional.

    • C. 

      The pocket veto was unconstitutional

    • D. 

      The Clinton impeachment vote was unconstitutional.

    • E. 

      The president could not line-item veto grant monies to urban areas.

  • 29. 
    Presidential coattails refers to
    • A. 

      A phenomenon resulting when voters who support the president cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president’s party.

    • B. 

      The tendency for the president’s party to lose congressional seats in midterm elections.

    • C. 

      Fundraising parties the president hosts to raise money for congressional candidates.

    • D. 

      The president’s power to appoint members of his own political party to cabinet posts and as personal advisors.

    • E. 

      A phenomenon resulting when members of Congress vote according to the wishes of the president.

  • 30. 
    Recent election studies show
    • A. 

      The president’s party usually gains seats in Congress in midterm elections.

    • B. 

      A diminishing connection between voters’ presidential and congressional voting.

    • C. 

      That the party of the winning presidential candidate has been gaining an increasing number of seats in Congress.

    • D. 

      That presidential coattails no longer exist.

    • E. 

      That many congressional races are determined by presidential coattails.

  • 31. 
    The perception that voters strongly support the president’s character and policies is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Landslide.

    • B. 

      Electoral mandate.

    • C. 

      Confidence vote.

    • D. 

      Veto.

    • E. 

      Pocket veto.

  • 32. 
    Studies have shown that once one takes into account the status of the president’s party in Congress and his standing with the public, presidents renowned for their legislative skills are
    • A. 

      Twice as successful in winning congressional support than other presidents.

    • B. 

      Most likely to reshape the contours of the political landscape.

    • C. 

      Most likely to be able to create opportunities for political change.

    • D. 

      No more successful in obtaining congressional support than those considered less adept at dealing with Congress.

    • E. 

      Much more successful in gaining support for their domestic policies than for their foreign policies.

  • 33. 
    The War Powers Resolution may be considered unconstitutional because
    • A. 

      Its use of the legislative veto may be considered a violation of the doctrine of separation of powers.

    • B. 

      It violates the president’s power to declare war.

    • C. 

      It violates the president’s power as commander in chief.

    • D. 

      It was struck down by the Supreme Court.

    • E. 

      It violates the congressional power to appropriate funds for the military.

  • 34. 
    The War Powers Resolution was passed as a reaction to
    • A. 

      America’s fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia.

    • B. 

      America’s fighting in Iraq.

    • C. 

      America’s inability to keep the peace in Somalia.

    • D. 

      America’s fighting in Korea.

    • E. 

      General MacArthur’s dismissal by Harry Truman.

  • 35. 
    References by commentators on the presidency to there being “two presidencies” refer to
    • A. 

      The president as candidate and the president as elected leader

    • B. 

      The first term and the second term of a president

    • C. 

      What the president originally proposes to accomplish and what the president actually does accomplish.

    • D. 

      The differences between public and private presidential actions.

    • E. 

      National security and domestic policy.

  • 36. 
    Who said, “Public sentiment is everything. With public sentiment nothing can fail without it nothing can succeed”?
    • A. 

      Bill Clinton

    • B. 

      Ronald Reagan

    • C. 

      George Washington

    • D. 

      Abraham Lincoln

    • E. 

      George W. Bush

  • 37. 
    Most analysts believe that the higher the president stands in the polls, the
    • A. 

      Less support he needs in Congress.

    • B. 

      Shorter the president’s coattails.

    • C. 

      Less need there is for presidential public appearances.

    • D. 

      Easier it is to persuade others to support presidential initiatives.

    • E. 

      Less likely he will initiate new policy ventures.

  • 38. 
    Among recent presidents, the average approval ratings in public opinion polls have been
    • A. 

      Higher at the end of the president’s term than at the beginning.

    • B. 

      Over 75 percent.

    • C. 

      Higher at the beginning of the president’s term than at the end.

    • D. 

      Below 40 percent.

    • E. 

      Slowly rising over the course of a president’s term(s).

  • 39. 
    The principal intermediary between the president and the public is the
    • A. 

      Congress.

    • B. 

      Vice president.

    • C. 

      Media.

    • D. 

      First Lady.

    • E. 

      Executive Office of the President.

  • 40. 
    Which of the following statements about the relationship between the presidency and the press is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The person who most often deals with the press from the White House is the president’s press secretary.

    • B. 

      Reporters tend to focus on the most visible layer of the president’s personal and official activities, also called the “body watch.”

    • C. 

      Recent studies of the news media have shown that the news is systematically biased toward the Democratic Party and toward Democratic presidents.

    • D. 

      News coverage of the presidency tends to emphasize the negative.

    • E. 

      The media are an important intermediary helping to interpret and analyze presidential activities for the public.

  • 41. 
    Short Answer (5 points): What is the role and importance of the Office of Management and Budget?
  • 42. 
    Essay 10 points:  How important is public support for the president in achieving legislative priorities? How does the president go about soliciting public support? Do you think the president should avoid such solicitations or not? Explain.
  • 43. 
    Short Answer (5 points): What is the role of the president as the nation’s chief diplomat?