Chapter 12 Quiz

16 Questions

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Chapter 12 Quiz

Test 2 Review. Chapter 12 only.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Who invented the cotton gin? In what decade?
    • A. 

      Johannes Gutenberg; 1744

    • B. 

      Cyrus Hall McCormick; 1803

    • C. 

      Eli Whitney; 1792

  • 2. 
    Who invented the primitive grain reaper in 1831? What was the significance for American agriculture?
    • A. 

      Cyrus Hall McCormick. It transformed the scale of agriculture, allowing just two people to work 12 acres a day.

    • B. 

      Eli Whitney. It transformed the scale of agriculture, allowing just two people to work 12 acres a day.

    • C. 

      Jefferey Montgomery. It transformed the scale of agriculture, allowing just two people to work 12 acres a day.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 3. 
    What was the significance of the steamboat (marketing/distribution, travel times)?
    • A. 

      Carries to market most of western wheat, corn, flour, meal, bacon, ham, pork, whiskey, soap, and candles.

    • B. 

      Created transcontinental market and agricultural empire.

    • C. 

      Cost of moving a ton of freight went from $100 to $5.

    • D. 

      All of the above are true.

  • 4. 
    Who championed the construction of the Erie Canal?
    • A. 

      Eli Whitney.

    • B. 

      DeWitt Clinton.

    • C. 

      William Harrison.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 5. 
    What advantages did water travel enjoy over railroads as late as 1860?
    • A. 

      Fast Travel

    • B. 

      Less political corruption

    • C. 

      Ability to trade internationally

    • D. 

      All of the above are true

  • 6. 
    What factors contributed to the popularization of Clipper ships?
    • A. 

      Large, luxurious ships, discovery of gold in California, and freedom.

    • B. 

      Fast, cut dashing ships, lure of Chinese tea, discovery of gold in California, mass demand for goods.

    • C. 

      Small dirty ships and demand for gold and other goods.

  • 7. 
    Who/what financed the majority of internal improvements in the first half of the nineteenth century?
    • A. 

      The federal government.

    • B. 

      The state government.

    • C. 

      Both the state and federal government.

  • 8. 
    What factor(s) contributed to a communication revolution in the first half of the nineteenth century?
    • A. 

      Development of the telegraph.

    • B. 

      Development of the printing press.

    • C. 

      Development of both the telegraph and printing press.

  • 9. 
    The factory system, in which all the manufacturing processes were brought under one plant, was promoted by which group?
    • A. 

      Virginia Manufacturing Company, by the Virgnina Associates

    • B. 

      Boston Manufacturing Company, by the Boston Associates

    • C. 

      Georgia Manufacturing Company, by the Georgia Associates

  • 10. 
    What did the first American factories produce?
    • A. 

      Raw materials to finish cloth.

    • B. 

      Muskets and bullets for the Civil War.

    • C. 

      Neither are correct

  • 11. 
    Early factory workers at Lowell came mainly from what segment in American society?
    • A. 

      Children from the poor families.

    • B. 

      Slaves from the southern farms.

    • C. 

      Young women from new England farm families.

  • 12. 
    In the early 1820s, most freight was transported down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers by what means?
    • A. 

      Underground Railroad.

    • B. 

      Canals and steamboats.

    • C. 

      Freight boats.

  • 13. 
    What was the Rhode Island system of textile production?
    • A. 

      Built in unpopulated areas and included tenements or mill villages. Whole families hired and lives were controlled by employers, developed paternalism.

    • B. 

      Factories only for higher class citizens.

    • C. 

      None of the above.

  • 14. 
    Which American city was the first to have a population of more than one million? Why?
    • A. 

      New York City. A superior harbor and its unique access to commerce.

    • B. 

      New York City. First to have a printing press.

    • C. 

      Georgia. Its huge plantations.

    • D. 

      Georgia. Mass number of slaves.

  • 15. 
    Why did most nineteenth-century Irish immigrants come to the United States?
    • A. 

      Disease broke out in Ireland so the they fled.

    • B. 

      Wanted a new and prosperous life.

    • C. 

      Prolonged depression and immense social hardship, epidemic potato rot in 1845.

  • 16. 
    What was the Know-Nothing party and when was it established?
    • A. 

      A third party also known as the Northern Party, established in 1894.

    • B. 

      A third party also known as the American party, established in 1849.

    • C. 

      A third party also known as a neutral party, established in 1844.