Chapter 11 Vocabulary

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Vocabulary Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 11 Vocab


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The study of the structures of the human body and their positional relationship to one another.
    • A. 

      Homeostasis

    • B. 

      Anatomy

    • C. 

      Physiology

    • D. 

      Metabolism

    • E. 

      Autonomy

  • 2. 
    The study of how the body and its individual parts function in normal body processes
    • A. 

      Homeostatis

    • B. 

      Physiology

    • C. 

      Anatomy

    • D. 

      Metabolism

    • E. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 3. 
    The total of all the physical and chemical processes that occur in an organism and results in growth, generation of energy, eliminisation of wastes, and other bodily functions as they relate to the distribution of nutrients in the blood after digestion.
    • A. 

      Homeostatis

    • B. 

      Anatomy

    • C. 

      Physiology

    • D. 

      Metabolism

    • E. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 4. 
    The fundamental unit of all  living organisms and is the simplest form of life that can exist as as self-sustaining unit.
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Golgi

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Cell

    • E. 

      Mitochondria

  • 5. 
    Separates the cytoplasm from the surrounding external environment
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm

    • C. 

      Organelles

    • D. 

      Nucleus

    • E. 

      Ribosomes

  • 6. 
    Consists primarily of water, is a gel-like intracellular fluid within the cell membrane.
    • A. 

      Organelles

    • B. 

      Cell membrane

    • C. 

      Ribosomes

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

    • E. 

      Nucleus

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm

    • C. 

      Organelles

    • D. 

      Nucleus

    • E. 

      Ribosomes

  • 8. 
    The largest and most obvious organelle in the cytoplasm, is the control center of the cell, directing nearly all of metabolic activities.
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Golgi Body

    • E. 

      Mitochondria

  • 9. 
    Small granules of RNA and protein in the cytoplasm that synthesize protein (makes protein)
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Cell membrane

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

    • E. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

  • 10. 
    A complex network of membranous channels within the cytoplasm
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Golgi body

    • E. 

      Mitochondria

  • 11. 
    A series of four to six horizontal membranous sacs
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Golgi body

    • C. 

      Ribosomes

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

    • E. 

      Lysosomes

  • 12. 
    An oval organelle and is considered the cell's power plant because it is a site for cellular respiration and provides most of a cell's adenosine triphosphate (ATP which is the body's energy molecule.
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Lysosomes

    • C. 

      Ribosomes

    • D. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • E. 

      Golgi body

  • 13. 
    Membrane-bound organelles containing digestive enzymes (will eat through something)
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • D. 

      Golgo Body

    • E. 

      Lyosomes

  • 14. 
    The movement of molecules, or other particles from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.
    • A. 

      Filtration

    • B. 

      Osmosis

    • C. 

      Diffusion

    • D. 

      Active transport

    • E. 

      Endocytosis

  • 15. 
    The movement of particles across the cellular membrane because of pressure
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Filtration

    • C. 

      Osmosis

    • D. 

      Active transport

    • E. 

      Endocytosis

  • 16. 
    The movement of pure solvent such as water from an area of low concentration (most dilute) to an area of high concentration (least dilute)
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Osmosis

    • C. 

      Filtration

    • D. 

      Pinocytosis

    • E. 

      Phagocytosis

  • 17. 
    Cell eating; the process by which specialized cells ingest harmful microorganisms and cellular debris, break them down, and expel the harmless remains back into the body.
    • A. 

      Pinocytosis

    • B. 

      Phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Osmosis

    • D. 

      Filtration

    • E. 

      Diffusion

  • 18. 
    Cell drinking; the targeted object is liquid
    • A. 

      Pinocytosis

    • B. 

      Phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Osmosis

    • D. 

      Filtration

    • E. 

      Diffusion

  • 19. 
    Groups of similar cells that act together to perform a specific function
    • A. 

      Bone

    • B. 

      Cartilage

    • C. 

      Tissue

    • D. 

      Membranes

    • E. 

      Filtration

  • 20. 
    Lines or covers internal and external (skin) organs of the body; lines blood vessels and body cavities and lines the digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive tracts
    • A. 

      Connective Tissue

    • B. 

      Epithelial Tissue

    • C. 

      Bone

    • D. 

      Cartilaginous Tissue

    • E. 

      Muscle Tissue

  • 21. 
    The most abundant and ubiquitous tissue of the body and serves a wide variety of functions
    • A. 

      Epithelial Tissue

    • B. 

      Connective Tissue

    • C. 

      Bone

    • D. 

      Muscle Tissue

    • E. 

      Nervous Tissue

  • 22. 
    Extremely elastic, exceedingly vascular and has the unique ability to shorten (contract) and elongate (stretch) to produce movement
    • A. 

      Epithelial Tissue

    • B. 

      Connective Tissue

    • C. 

      Nervous Tissue

    • D. 

      Muscle Tissue

    • E. 

      Membranes

  • 23. 
    Comes from the Greek root words meaning to touch and turning.  Through touch and/or friction, fascia can change or turn the state of its ground substance in the matrix from a gel state to a sol state or vice versa
    • A. 

      Bone

    • B. 

      Tissue

    • C. 

      Adipose

    • D. 

      Cartiledge

    • E. 

      Thixotropy

  • 24. 
    Consists of oddly shaped cells called neurons which can detect and transmit electrical signals by converting stimuli into nerve impulses; possesses characteristics of excitability and conductibility; is involved in higher mental functioning and emotional responsiveness
    • A. 

      Connective Tissue

    • B. 

      Nervous Tissue

    • C. 

      Mucous Membranes

    • D. 

      Cutaneous Membranes

    • E. 

      Muscle Tissue

  • 25. 
    Thin, soft, pliable sheets of tissue that cover the body, line tubes or body cavities, cover organs and separate one part of a cavity from another
    • A. 

      Tissue

    • B. 

      Bone

    • C. 

      Membranes

    • D. 

      Cartiledge

    • E. 

      Planes

  • 26. 
    Line the openings to the outside of the body
    • A. 

      Cutaneous Membrane

    • B. 

      Mucous Membrane

    • C. 

      Serous Membrane

    • D. 

      Synovial Membrane

  • 27. 
    Line closed body cavities that do not open to the outside of the body
    • A. 

      Mucous Membrane

    • B. 

      Synovial Membrane

    • C. 

      Serous Membrane

    • D. 

      Cutaneous Membrane

  • 28. 
    Lining the joint cavities of freely moving joints (e.g. shoulders, hip,knee)
    • A. 

      Mucous Membranes

    • B. 

      Serous Membranes

    • C. 

      Cutaneous Membranes

    • D. 

      Synovial Membranes

  • 29. 
    A standard body position is called
    • A. 

      Anatomy position

    • B. 

      Anatomical position

    • C. 

      Automatic position

    • D. 

      Autonomous position

  • 30. 
    The median plane is also known as the
    • A. 

      Sagittal

    • B. 

      Midsagittal

    • C. 

      Frontal

    • D. 

      Coronal

    • E. 

      Transverse

  • 31. 
    Runs longitudinally (vertically) downt he body, anterior to posterior, dividing the body into right and left sections.
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Coronal

    • C. 

      Horizontal

    • D. 

      Midsaggital or median

    • E. 

      Transverse

  • 32. 
    • A. 

      Sagittal plane

    • B. 

      Frontal plane

    • C. 

      Coronal plane

    • D. 

      Transverse plane

    • E. 

      Horizontal plane

  • 33. 
    The _____________ passes through the body side-to-side to create anterior and posterior sections
    • A. 

      Midsagittal

    • B. 

      Median

    • C. 

      Sagittal

    • D. 

      Frontal or coronal

    • E. 

      Transverse or horizontal

  • 34. 
    Passes through the body and creates superior and inferior sections
    • A. 

      Sagital plane

    • B. 

      Frontal plane

    • C. 

      Coronal plane

    • D. 

      Horizontal or transverse plane

    • E. 

      Median plane or midsagittal plane

  • 35. 
    Contains the liver
    • A. 

      Upper left quadrant

    • B. 

      Upper right quadrant

    • C. 

      Lower right quadrant

    • D. 

      Lower left quadrant

  • 36. 
    Contains the appendix
    • A. 

      Upper right quadrant

    • B. 

      Upper left quadrant

    • C. 

      Lower right quadrant

    • D. 

      Lower left quadrant

  • 37. 
    Pertaining to the front side of a structure
    • A. 

      Anterior or ventral

    • B. 

      Posterior or dorsal

    • C. 

      Superior or cranal

    • D. 

      Inferior or caudal

    • E. 

      Medial

  • 38. 
    Pertaining to the back of a structure
    • A. 

      Anterior or ventral

    • B. 

      Posterior or dorsal

    • C. 

      Superior or cranial

    • D. 

      Inferor or caudal

    • E. 

      Medial

  • 39. 
    Situated above or toward the head end
    • A. 

      Anterior or ventral

    • B. 

      Posterior or dorsal

    • C. 

      Superior or cranial

    • D. 

      Inferior or caudal

    • E. 

      Medial

  • 40. 
    Situated below or toward the tail end
    • A. 

      Medial

    • B. 

      Inferior or caudal

    • C. 

      Superior or cranial

    • D. 

      Lateral

    • E. 

      Proximal

  • 41. 
    Oriented toward or near the midline of the body
    • A. 

      Medial

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Homolateral

    • D. 

      Contralateral

    • E. 

      Proximal

  • 42. 
    Oriented farther away fromthe midline of the body
    • A. 

      Medial

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Homolateral

    • D. 

      Contralateral

    • E. 

      Proximal

  • 43. 
    Related to the same side of the body
    • A. 

      Medial

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Homolateral

    • D. 

      Contralateral

    • E. 

      Proxmial

  • 44. 
    Related to the opposite sides of the body
    • A. 

      Medial

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Homolateral

    • D. 

      Contralateral

    • E. 

      Proximal

  • 45. 
    Nearer to the point of reference,usually toward the trunk of the body (used only when referencing the extremities)
    • A. 

      Medial

    • B. 

      Lateral

    • C. 

      Homolateral

    • D. 

      Contralateral

    • E. 

      Proximal

  • 46. 
    Farther from the point of reference, usually away from the midline (used only when referencing the extremities)
    • A. 

      Distal

    • B. 

      Proximal

    • C. 

      Contralateral

    • D. 

      Homolateral

    • E. 

      Lateral

  • 47. 
    Pertaining to or situated at a center of the body
    • A. 

      Superficial or peripheral

    • B. 

      Distal

    • C. 

      Central or deep

    • D. 

      Internal

    • E. 

      External

  • 48. 
    Pertaining to the outside of surface, periphery or surrounding external area of a structure
    • A. 

      Internal

    • B. 

      External

    • C. 

      Superficial or peripheral

    • D. 

      Central

    • E. 

      Distal

  • 49. 
    Nearest the inside (within) of a body cavity. 
    • A. 

      Internal

    • B. 

      External

    • C. 

      Superficial or peripheral

    • D. 

      Central or deep

    • E. 

      Distal

  • 50. 
    Nearer the outside of a body cavity.
    • A. 

      Internal

    • B. 

      External

    • C. 

      Superficial or peripheral

    • D. 

      Central or deep

    • E. 

      Distal

  • 51. 
    Cheek area
    • A. 

      Buccal

    • B. 

      Cervical

    • C. 

      Cephalic

    • D. 

      Facial

    • E. 

      Frontal

  • 52. 
    Neck area
    • A. 

      Buccal

    • B. 

      Cervical

    • C. 

      Cephalic

    • D. 

      Facial

    • E. 

      Frontal

  • 53. 
    Head end
    • A. 

      Buccal

    • B. 

      Cervical

    • C. 

      Cranial (skull)

    • D. 

      Facial

    • E. 

      Frontal

  • 54. 
    Face area
    • A. 

      Buccal

    • B. 

      Cervical

    • C. 

      Cephalic

    • D. 

      Cranial

    • E. 

      Facial

  • 55. 
    Forehead
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Mandibular

    • C. 

      Cervical

    • D. 

      Buccal

    • E. 

      Cephalic

  • 56. 
    Lower jaw
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Mandibular

    • C. 

      Mental

    • D. 

      Nasal

    • E. 

      Nuchal

  • 57. 
    Chin area
    • A. 

      Mandibular

    • B. 

      Buccal

    • C. 

      Cephalic

    • D. 

      Cranial

    • E. 

      Mental

  • 58. 
    Nose region
    • A. 

      Mental

    • B. 

      Facial

    • C. 

      Nasal

    • D. 

      Nuchal

    • E. 

      Oral

  • 59. 
    Posterior neck
    • A. 

      Nasal

    • B. 

      Nuchal

    • C. 

      Occipital

    • D. 

      Oral

    • E. 

      Orbital

  • 60. 
    Posterior and inferior surfaces of the head
    • A. 

      Oral

    • B. 

      Occipital

    • C. 

      Nuchal

    • D. 

      Nasal

    • E. 

      Mental

  • 61. 
    Mouth region
    • A. 

      Otic

    • B. 

      Orbital

    • C. 

      Oral

    • D. 

      Nuchal

    • E. 

      Occipital

  • 62. 
    Eye area
    • A. 

      Otic

    • B. 

      Orbital (ophthalmic)

    • C. 

      Occipital

    • D. 

      Nuchal

    • E. 

      Nasal

  • 63. 
    Ear area
    • A. 

      Otic

    • B. 

      Orbital

    • C. 

      Oral

    • D. 

      Occipital

    • E. 

      Nuchal

  • 64. 
    Forearm;between wrist and elbow
    • A. 

      Axillary

    • B. 

      Brachial

    • C. 

      Antebrachial

    • D. 

      Palmar

    • E. 

      Costal

  • 65. 
    Armpit region
    • A. 

      Axillary

    • B. 

      Antebrachial

    • C. 

      Brachial

    • D. 

      Carpal

    • E. 

      Palmar

  • 66. 
    Upper arm; between the shoulder and the elbow
    • A. 

      Antebrachial

    • B. 

      Axillary

    • C. 

      Palmar

    • D. 

      Brachial

    • E. 

      Costal

  • 67. 
    Anterior surface of the hand
    • A. 

      Costal

    • B. 

      Groin (inguinal)

    • C. 

      Lumbar

    • D. 

      Palmar

    • E. 

      Axillary

  • 68. 
    Wrist area
    • A. 

      Deltoid

    • B. 

      Carpal

    • C. 

      Digital

    • D. 

      Palmar

    • E. 

      Pollex

  • 69. 
    Ribs
    • A. 

      Costal

    • B. 

      Groin (inguinal)

    • C. 

      Scapular

    • D. 

      Lumbar

    • E. 

      Palmar

  • 70. 
    Area where thigh meets the abdomen
    • A. 

      Palmar

    • B. 

      Carpal

    • C. 

      Deltoid

    • D. 

      Groin (inguinal)

    • E. 

      Scapular

  • 71. 
    Low back; betweent he ribs and the hips
    • A. 

      Scapular

    • B. 

      Lumbar

    • C. 

      Groin (inguinal)

    • D. 

      Costal

    • E. 

      Palmar

  • 72. 
    The shoulder blade area
    • A. 

      Lumbar

    • B. 

      Sacral

    • C. 

      Scapular

    • D. 

      Costal

    • E. 

      Gluteal

  • 73. 
    Leg
    • A. 

      Calcaneal

    • B. 

      Coxal

    • C. 

      Crural

    • D. 

      Dorsum

    • E. 

      Pedal

  • 74. 
    Fingers and /or toes
    • A. 

      Calf

    • B. 

      Crural

    • C. 

      Dorsum

    • D. 

      Digital (Phalangeal)

    • E. 

      Femoral

  • 75. 
    Femur or the thigh area between the hip and the knee
    • A. 

      Hallux

    • B. 

      Calf

    • C. 

      Coxal

    • D. 

      Dorsum

    • E. 

      Femoral

  • 76. 
    Posterior aspect of the  knee
    • A. 

      Patellar

    • B. 

      Pedal

    • C. 

      Plantar

    • D. 

      Popliteal

    • E. 

      Tarsal

  • 77. 
    Thumb
    • A. 

      Cubital

    • B. 

      Deltoid

    • C. 

      Mediastinal

    • D. 

      Pectoral

    • E. 

      Pollex

  • 78. 
    Is the consistency of the body's internal environmental.  It represents relatively stable condition of the body's internal environment within a limited range.
    • A. 

      Homeostasis

    • B. 

      Physiology

    • C. 

      Metabolism

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

    • E. 

      Ribosomes