Chapter 11. Analogical Thinking: Antonyms
10 Questions
In chapter 11 of Smart Thinking I made the point that developmental psychologists have frequently noted that young children develop the ability to think analogically on their own without any help from parents or teachers. It seems that the mind just works this way. It represents what the cognitive scientist Douglas Hofstadter has described it as ‘the core of cognition’.1
It’s not surprising, therefore, that many psychometric problems, particularly those that test our verbal reasoning, test our ability to identify the differences and similarities between concepts. To develop your abilities to do this, work through the following questions.
1 D. Hofstadter, ‘Analogy as the core of cognition’, in D. Gentner, K. Holyoak & B. Kokinov (eds), The Analogical mind: Perspectives from cognitive science (Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2009), pp. 499-538.