Chapter 10 - Cognition And Emotion

5 Questions | Total Attempts: 57

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Chapter 10 - Cognition And Emotion


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which statement best describes the James-Lange model of emotions?
    • A. 

      We perceive a situation, an emotion results and our body responds as appropriate

    • B. 

      Our emotions colour the way we perceive the external world, resulting in accompanying bodily changes

    • C. 

      We experience an emotion, we comprehend the experience and our brain directs the body to prepare accordingly

    • D. 

      We perceive a situation, our body reponds as appropriate, the feeling of these bodily changes is the emotion

    • E. 

      Emotions direct our comprehensions of a situation resulting in adaptively significant biases

  • 2. 
    What is the relevance of Homology for the study of the functionality of emotions?
    • A. 

      Homology is the study of the logic of human adaptations and so has direct bearing on emotions

    • B. 

      Homology is the study of convergent evolution and so if we can show emotions have evolved independently in chimps and humans this provides crucial evidence for functionality

    • C. 

      Homology is the study of features shared by species due to common lines of descent. If emotions similar to humans exist in chimpanzees this is supportive of an adaptive basis.

    • D. 

      Homology is the study of how brain functioning can be related to precise physical localities; a physical correlate for emotions will show they are adaptations

    • E. 

      Homology is the study of homologous alleles, if emotions can be linked with dominant alleles then we can establish and genetic, and by inference, functional, basis for them.

  • 3. 
    Which sentence best describes the work of Paul Ekman on facial expressions and emotions?
    • A. 

      Facial expressions vary around the globe but the underlying emotions will be similar. It is important therefore for anthropologist to appreciate the signals sent by facial expression in different cultures.

    • B. 

      All around the globe we see the same basic set of facial expressions but research shows that the emotions they correspond to varies considerably.

    • C. 

      There are no standard patterns either to emotions or facial expressions both are highly variable and are conditioned by social rules and conventions.

    • D. 

      Ekman showed that the emotion follows from the expression along the lines of the James – Lange theory. Hence the sequence is: situation … facial expression… emotion.

    • E. 

      Ekman demonstrated that there are universal facial expressions that correspond with universal emotions and so both are shared and experienced by all humans – although there may be some cultural variability in what triggers them

  • 4. 
    What are the three types of responses associated with emotions according to M. Eysenk and others?
    • A. 

      Behavioural (e.g. facial expression), physiological changes, verbal self-report

    • B. 

      Neurophysiological correlation; affective disorder; cognitive confusion

    • C. 

      Cognitive self-awareness; retaliatory action; reflection on consequences

    • D. 

      Precision; specificity of action; complexity of response

    • E. 

      Adaptive success; memory biasing; universal functionality

  • 5. 
    Which sentence best explain the meaning of S. Pinker’s observation that “Disgust is intuitive microbiology”?
    • A. 

      The body is designed to detect the ingestion of harmful bacteria and the emotion of disgust follows

    • B. 

      The emotion of disgust promotes vomiting and diarrhoea both of which serve to expel pathogens

    • C. 

      The intestinal micro flora present in all humans shapes the emotion of disgust to ensure these bacteria are not threatened by rival pathogens

    • D. 

      Disgust is an emotion that promotes a facial expression that elicits help and caring from others

    • E. 

      Disgust is an emotion that prompts us to avoid contaminated food and water and situations where harmful pathogens might be present