Do You Know About Gamete Cell?

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Do You Know About Gamete Cell?

Do you know about gamete cell? Let's take our quick interactive quiz to test your knowledge on this gamete cell questions!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Gametes are produced by _____.
    • A. 

      The cell cycle

    • B. 

      Meiosis

    • C. 

      Mitosis

    • D. 

      Asexual reproduction

    • E. 

      Fertilization

  • 2. 
    Normal human gametes carry _____ chromosomes.
    • A. 

      23

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      23 pairs of

    • D. 

      46 pairs of

    • E. 

      46

  • 3. 
     Which of these cells are haploid?
    • A. 

      C and D

    • B. 

      B and C

    • C. 

      A and D

    • D. 

      B

    • E. 

      D

  • 4. 
    A diploid organism whose somatic (nonsex) cells each contain 32 chromosomes produces gametes containing _____ chromosomes.
    • A. 

      8

    • B. 

      32

    • C. 

      16

    • D. 

      64

    • E. 

      30

  • 5. 
    What is the ploidy of organisms that have two sets of chromosomes?
    • A. 

      2n

    • B. 

      3n

    • C. 

      N

    • D. 

      4n

  • 6. 
    What information can not be obtained from an individual's karyotype?
    • A. 

      The sequence of bases of a particular gene

    • B. 

      The types of chromosomes present in the individual

    • C. 

      The ploidy of the individual

    • D. 

      The number of autosomes in an individual

  • 7. 
    True or false? A haploid organism has one pair of homologous chromosomes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    If a cell has 24 chromosomes, how many chromosomes would each of its four daughter cells have after meiosis?
    • A. 

      Six

    • B. 

      24

    • C. 

      12

    • D. 

      36

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements about meiosis and mitosis is true?
    • A. 

      Meiosis II is similar to mitosis in that sister chromatids of each chromosome separate.

    • B. 

      Each daughter cell produced during meiosis and mitosis is genetically identical to the parent cell.

    • C. 

      In meiosis II and mitosis, a diploid cell divides.

    • D. 

      In mitosis and meiosis I, homologous chromosomes move independently of each other.

  • 10. 
    Which structure is directly correlated with the production of genetic variability in the daughter cells produced during meiosis?
    • A. 

      Centromere

    • B. 

      Synapsis

    • C. 

      Tetrad

    • D. 

      Chiasma

  • 11. 
    What is the composition of a tetrad at the beginning of prophase I?
    • A. 

      Two sister chromatids

    • B. 

      One pair of homologous chromosomes

    • C. 

      Four different chromosomes

    • D. 

      Two pairs of homologous chromosomes

  • 12. 
    Meiosis I produces _____ cells, each of which is _____. two... identical to the other    
    • A. 

      Two... identical to the other

    • B. 

      four ... diploid

    • C. 

      Two ... haploid

    • D. 

      four ... haploid

    • E. 

      Two... diploid

  • 13. 
    Meiosis II typically produces _____ cells, each of which is _____.
    • A. 

      four ... haploid

    • B. 

      two ... haploid

    • C. 

      four ... identical to the other

    • D. 

      two... diploid

    • E. 

      four ... diploid

  • 14. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1306q.swf this illustrates the event of ______.
    • A. 

      Prophase I

    • B. 

      Prophase II

    • C. 

      telophase II and cytokinesis

    • D. 

      Anaphase II

    • E. 

      telophase I and cytokinesis

  • 15. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1307q.swf This illustrates the evnts of _______.
    • A. 

      prophase II

    • B. 

      Telophase I and cytokinesis

    • C. 

      anaphase II

    • D. 

      anaphase I

    • E. 

      interphase

  • 16. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1308q.swf this illustrates the events of ______.
    • A. 

      Telophase I and cytokinesis

    • B. 

      telophase and cytokinesis

    • C. 

      telophase I

    • D. 

      Telophase II and cytokinesis

    • E. 

      Telophase II

  • 17. 
    During _____ sister chromatids separate.
    • A. 

      Prophase I

    • B. 

      interphase

    • C. 

      metaphase I

    • D. 

      anaphase II

    • E. 

      prophase II

  • 18. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1310q.swf this illustrates the events of _______.
    • A. 

      Prophase II and cytokinesis

    • B. 

      Interphase

    • C. 

      Telophase II and cytokinesis

    • D. 

      Telophase and cytokinesis

    • E. 

      Telophase I and cytokinesis

  • 19. 
    At the end of _____ and cytokinesis, haploid cells contain chromosomes that each consist of two sister chromatids.
    • A. 

      Telophase I

    • B. 

      metaphase II

    • C. 

      telophase II

    • D. 

      interphase

    • E. 

      telophase

  • 20. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1312q.swf this is an animation of ---------
    • A. 

      Metaphase I

    • B. 

      Telophase II and cytokinesis

    • C. 

      Metaphase II

    • D. 

      Prophase II

    • E. 

      prophase I

  • 21. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1313q.swf  illustrates the events of________.
    • A. 

      Metaphase II

    • B. 

      Anaphase II

    • C. 

      Anaphase I

    • D. 

      Prophase I

    • E. 

      interphase

  • 22. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1314q.swf illustrates the events of _________.
    • A. 

      Prophase II

    • B. 

      metaphase II

    • C. 

      Telophase I and cytokinesis

    • D. 

      Metaphase I

    • E. 

      Anaphase I

  • 23. 
    Synapsis occurs during _____.
    • A. 

      Metaphase II

    • B. 

      anaphase II

    • C. 

      Prophase I

    • D. 

      Prophase II

    • E. 

      Telophase I and cytogenesis

  • 24. 
    Homologous chromosomes migrate to opposite poles during _____.
    • A. 

      Metaphase I

    • B. 

      Prophase II

    • C. 

      telophase II and cytokinesis

    • D. 

      Anaphase I

    • E. 

      metaphase II

  • 25. 
    During _____ chromosomes align single file along the equator of a haploid cell.
    • A. 

      Telophase I and cytokinesis

    • B. 

      Metaphase I

    • C. 

      prophase I

    • D. 

      Anaphase I

    • E. 

      Metaphase II

  • 26. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1318q.swf  This illustrates the evnts of ______.
    • A. 

      Prophase II

    • B. 

      prophase I

    • C. 

      anaphase I

    • D. 

      telophase I and cytokinesis

    • E. 

      Metaphase II

  • 27. 
    At the end of _____ and cytokinesis there are four haploid cells.
    • A. 

      telophase II

    • B. 

      interphase

    • C. 

      Prophase II

    • D. 

      anaphase I

    • E. 

      Prophase I

  • 28. 
    During _____ a spindle forms in a haploid cell.
    • A. 

      Prophase I

    • B. 

      telophase I and cytokinesis

    • C. 

      prophase II

    • D. 

      metaphase II

    • E. 

      Anaphase II

  • 29. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1321q.swf  illustrates the evnts of ______.
    • A. 

      Prophase II

    • B. 

      Anaphase II

    • C. 

      Anaphase I

    • D. 

      Interphase

    • E. 

      Prophase I

  • 30. 
    Which of the following statements about genes is incorrect?
    • A. 

      One gene only is used in a specific cell type.

    • B. 

      Many genes contain the information needed for cells to synthesize enzymes and other proteins

    • C. 

      During fertilization, both the sperm and the ovum contribute genes to the resulting fertilized egg.

    • D. 

      Genes correspond to segments of DNA.

    • E. 

      Genetic differences can result from changes in the DNA called mutations.

  • 31. 
    What is a karyotype?
    • A. 

      A display of every pair of homologous chromosomes within a cell, organized according to size and shape

    • B. 

      The combination of chromosomes found in a gamete

    • C. 

      A system of classifying cell nuclei

    • D. 

      The set of unique physical characteristics that define an individual

    • E. 

      The collection of all the mutations present within the genome of an individual

  • 32. 
    The human X and Y chromosomes
    • A. 

      Include only genes that govern sex determination.

    • B. 

      Are of approximately equal size and number of genes. .

    • C. 

      are almost entirely homologous, despite their different names.

    • D. 

      Are both present in every somatic cell of males and females alike.

    • E. 

      include genes that determine an individual's sex

  • 33. 
    At which stage of mitosis are chromosomes usually photographed in the preparation of a karyotype?
    • A. 

      Telophase

    • B. 

      Anaphase

    • C. 

      Metaphase

    • D. 

      Prophase

    • E. 

      Interphse

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is true of a species that has a chromosome number of 2n = 16?
    • A. 

      During the S phase of the cell cycle there will be 32 separate chromosomes.

    • B. 

      The species is diploid with 32 chromosomes per cell.

    • C. 

      A gamete from this species has 4 chromosomes.

    • D. 

      Each cell has 8 homologous pairs.

    • E. 

      The species has 16 sets of chromosomes per cell

  • 35. 
    In animals, meiosis results in gametes, and fertilization results in
    • A. 

      Zygotes

    • B. 

      Spores

    • C. 

      Gametophytes

    • D. 

      Sporophytes

    • E. 

      Clones

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      I and II

    • B. 

      I only

    • C. 

      III only

    • D. 

      II only

    • E. 

      I and III

  • 37. 
    Asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction differ in all but which of the following ways?
    • A. 

      Asexual reproduction is utilized only by fungi and protists, whereas sexual reproduction is utilized only by plants and animals.

    • B. 

      Asexual reproduction involves a single parent, whereas sexual reproduction involves two.

    • C. 

      Asexual reproduction produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parents, whereas sexual reproduction gives rise to genetically distinct offspring.

    • D. 

      Individuals reproducing asexually transmit 100% of their genes to their progeny, whereas individuals reproducing sexually transmit only 50%.

    • E. 

      Asexual reproduction requires only mitosis, whereas sexual reproduction always involves meiosis

  • 38. 
    Asexual reproduction _____.
    • A. 

      Produces offspring genetically identical to the parent

    • B. 

      is limited to single-cell organisms

    • C. 

      is limited to plants

    • D. 

      leads to a loss of genetic material

    • E. 

      requires both meiosis and mitosis

  • 39. 
    A human somatic cell contains _____.
    • A. 

      21 autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes

    • B. 

      22 autosomes and 1 sex chromosome

    • C. 

      45 autosomes and 1 sex chromosome

    • D. 

      n chromosomes

    • E. 

      44 autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes

  • 40. 
    For what purpose might a karyotype be prepared?
    • A. 

      For prenatal screening, to determine if a fetus has the correct number of chromosomes

    • B. 

      To determine whether a fetus is male or female

    • C. 

      To detect the possible presence of chromosomal abnormalities such as deletions, inversions, or translocations

    • D. 

      The first and second answers are correct. .

    • E. 

      The first three answers are correct

  • 41. 
    In alternation of generations, the diploid stage of a plant that follows fertilization is the _____.
    • A. 

      Gametophyte

    • B. 

      Sporophyte

    • C. 

      spore

    • D. 

      Karyotype

    • E. 

      chiasmata

  • 42. 
    How are sister chromatids and homologous chromosomes different from each other?
    • A. 

      They are not different. Homologous chromosomes and sister chromatids are both identical copies of each other.

    • B. 

      Homologous chromosomes contain the same gene loci but may have different alleles of a particular gene. Sister chromatids are identical copies of each other produced during DNA replication.

    • C. 

      Homologous chromosomes are identical copies of each other. One sister chromatid comes from the father, and one comes from the mother.

    • D. 

      Sister chromatids are only formed during mitosis. Homologous chromosomes are formed during meiosis.

    • E. 

      Homologous chromosomes are closely associated with each other in both mitosis and meiosis. Sister chromatids are only associated with each other during mitosis.

  • 43. 
    Mitosis results in the formation of _____; meiosis results in the formation of _____.
    • A. 

      Two diploid cells ... two haploid cells

    • B. 

      Two diploid cells ... four haploid cells

    • C. 

      Two diploid cells ... two diploid cells

    • D. 

      Four haploid cells ... two diploid cells

    • E. 

      Four diploid cells ... four haploid cells

  • 44. 
    Which of the following occurs during meiosis but not during mitosis?
    • A. 

      Chromosomes condense.

    • B. 

      Chromosomes align at the metaphase plate.

    • C. 

      A spindle apparatus forms.

    • D. 

      Synapsis occurs.

    • E. 

      Chromosomes migrate to opposite poles.

  • 45. 
    Crossing over is
    • A. 

      Making an RNA copy of a DNA strand

    • B. 

      a direct consequence of the separation of sister chromatids

    • C. 

      Also referred to as the "independent assortment of chromosomes"

    • D. 

      the exchange of homologous portions of nonsister chromatids

    • E. 

      The movement of genetic material from one chromosome to a nonhomologous chromosome

  • 46. 
    Genetic variation occurs when chromosomes are shuffled in _____ and fertilization.
    • A. 

      Genetic drift

    • B. 

      Meiosis

    • C. 

      Mutation

    • D. 

      Mitosis

    • E. 

      Natural selection

  • 47. 
    Heritable variation is required for _____.
    • A. 

      Asexual reproduction

    • B. 

      Evolution

    • C. 

      Mitosis

    • D. 

      Meiosis

    • E. 

      The production of a clone

  • 48. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1322q.swf  The animation illustrates _______.
    • A. 

      Karyokinesis

    • B. 

      Random fertilization

    • C. 

      Centromere separation

    • D. 

      crossing over

    • E. 

      Cytokinesis

  • 49. 
    Http://media.pearsoncmg.com/bc/bc_campbell_biology_8/img/activities_quizzes/1323q.swfWhich of these gametes contains one or more recombinant chromosomes?  
    • A. 

      A and B

    • B. 

      A and D

    • C. 

      D and E

    • D. 

      B and C

    • E. 

      A and C