Celllar Biology

48 Questions | Total Attempts: 256

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Cellular Biology Quizzes & Trivia

CHAPTER 3 & 5


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Oxygen is toxic to  
    • A. 

      Strict anaerobes

    • B. 

      Facultative anaerobes

    • C. 

      Aerotolerant organisms

    • D. 

      Strict aerobes

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    According to your text, in which of the following steps of the TCA cycle is NADH/FADH2 NOT produced?
    • A. 

      TCA-6

    • B. 

      TCA-3

    • C. 

      TCA-8

    • D. 

      TCA-2

    • E. 

      TCA-4

  • 3. 
    In prokaryotes, aerobic respiration generates ________ ATP molecules.        
    • A. 

      20-24

    • B. 

      30-32

    • C. 

      36-38

    • D. 

      38-40

    • E. 

      0-100

  • 4. 
    Which of the following molecules is NOT a carrier of electrons in the electron transport system (ETS)?  
    • A. 

      Flavoproteins

    • B. 

      Iron-sulfur proteins

    • C. 

      Copper-nickel compounds

    • D. 

      Coenzyme Q

    • E. 

      Cytochromes

  • 5. 
    Glucose is transported in the bloodstream to cells in all parts of your body. In body cells, glucose has four main fates. Which of the following is NOT one of those fates
    • A. 

      Glucose is transformed into sucrose

    • B. 

      Glucose is converted to acetyl CoA to make body fat

    • C. 

      Glucose is used to synthesize glycogen

    • D. 

      Glucose is catabolized to carbon dioxide and water

    • E. 

      Glucose is converted to lactate

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is NOT a product of fermentation?  
    • A. 

      CO2

    • B. 

      Sucrose

    • C. 

      Ethanol

    • D. 

      NAD+

    • E. 

      Lactate

  • 7. 
    The breakdown of glucose to pyruvate by a cell is an example of a(n) _______ reaction
    • A. 

      Catabolic

    • B. 

      Anabolic

    • C. 

      Amphibolic

    • D. 

      Synthesis

    • E. 

      Aerobic

  • 8. 
    Of the following electron carriers of the electron transport system, which transfers protons in addition to electrons?  
    • A. 

      Cytochrome b

    • B. 

      Cytochrome a

    • C. 

      Coenzyme Q

    • D. 

      Iron-sulfur proteins

    • E. 

      Iron-copper proteins

  • 9. 
    The gross output of ATP from glycolysis is ________, whereas the net output of ATP is ________.
    • A. 

      6;4

    • B. 

      2;4

    • C. 

      2;1

    • D. 

      4;1

    • E. 

      4;2

  • 10. 
    Which of the following statements best describes the role of NAD+/NADH in glycolysis? 
    • A. 

      NADH is capable of pumping ions during glycolysis

    • B. 

      NADH is used primarily in substrate-level

    • C. 

      Phosphorylation

    • D. 

      NAD+ is used to carry electrons

    • E. 

      NADH is used to produce energy by directly creating the phosphoanhydride bonds in ATP

  • 11. 
    During strenuous exercise, you may notice that your muscles burn. Which of the following statements best explains this phenomenon?  
    • A. 

      Pyruvic acid causes muscle pain.

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide is building up in muscle and changing the pH.

    • C. 

      ADP is accumulating, which produces a burning sensation.

    • D. 

      Proteins are being digested to provide energy

    • E. 

      Without oxygen, pyruvate is being converted to lactic acid.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is true of NAD+?
    • A. 

      It serves as an electron source for biological oxidation

    • B. 

      It is derived from vitamin E

    • C. 

      It is a coenzyme

    • D. 

      It represents the reduced form of niacin

    • E. 

      It releases an adenosine to become NADH

  • 13. 
    How many enzymatic steps are involved in converting glucose to pyruvate?
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      12

    • D. 

      10

    • E. 

      8

  • 14. 
    Why are mitochondria so prevalent in skeletal muscle?  
    • A. 

      They are needed to provide energy for muscle contraction

    • B. 

      They give the muscle enough elasticity to contract.

    • C. 

      They are needed to repair damaged tissue that accumulates during exercise

    • D. 

      Bones and muscles require a great deal of energy to prevent them from separating

    • E. 

      The flow of blood is greatest in skeletal muscle

  • 15. 
    In eukaryotes, pyruvate is converted to acetyl CoA
    • A. 

      When passing the mitochondrial cristae

    • B. 

      In the cellular cytosol

    • C. 

      In the mitochondrial matrix

    • D. 

      When passing through the mitochondrial outer membrane

    • E. 

      In the intermembrane space

  • 16. 
    The presence of Ca2+ ion transport molecules in the inner mitochondrial membrane is consistent with the mitochondrion's role in _______.
    • A. 

      Muscle contraction

    • B. 

      Regulating cytosol Ca2+ ion concentration

    • C. 

      ATP manufacture

    • D. 

      ADP manufacture

    • E. 

      Control of membrane fusion

  • 17. 
    What advantage do the cristae confer on the mitochondria?
    • A. 

      They allow the mitochondria to shrink

    • B. 

      They greatly increase the surface area for aerobic respiration machinery

    • C. 

      They confer resiliency on the cells

    • D. 

      They allow swelling of mitochondria

    • E. 

      They activate the matrix

  • 18. 
    How many carbons from 13 original glucose molecules enter the Krebs cycle in the absence of oxygen?
    • A. 

      0

    • B. 

      13

    • C. 

      26

    • D. 

      52

    • E. 

      78

  • 19. 
    What evidence suggests that the inner mitochondrial membrane was derived from the bacterial plasma membrane?
    • A. 

      The presence of porins in the inner mitochondrial membrane and the bacterial plasma membrane

    • B. 

      The presence of cardiolipin in the inner mitochondrial membrane and the bacterial plasma membrane

    • C. 

      The absence of cholesterol from the inner mitochondrial membrane and the bacterial plasma membrane

    • D. 

      B and c

    • E. 

      A, b and c

  • 20. 
    What organisms were responsible for adding free oxygen to the atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Amoeba

    • B. 

      Cyanobacteria

    • C. 

      Photosynthetic protests

    • D. 

      Photosynthetic bacteria

    • E. 

      B and d

  • 21. 
    What happens to the carbons of pyruvate that do not enter the Krebs cycle?
    • A. 

      They are converted to carbohydrates

    • B. 

      They are converted to CO2

    • C. 

      They are converted to glucose

    • D. 

      They are converted to ATP

    • E. 

      They are converted to carbon monoxide (CO)

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is not found in a reducing atmosphere?
    • A. 

      H2

    • B. 

      NH3

    • C. 

      O2

    • D. 

      H2O

    • E. 

      A, b and d

  • 23. 
    How many carbons from 13 original glucose molecules enter the Krebs cycle in the presence of oxygen?
    • A. 

      0

    • B. 

      13

    • C. 

      26

    • D. 

      52

    • E. 

      78

  • 24. 
    What molecule is responsible for conveying 2 carbons from pyruvate to the Krebs cycle?
    • A. 

      Acetate

    • B. 

      Coenzyme G

    • C. 

      Coenzyme A

    • D. 

      Oxaloacetate

    • E. 

      Pyruvate

  • 25. 
    Which component involved in the Krebs (TCA) cycle is bound to the inner mitochondrial membrane?
    • A. 

      Oxaloacetate

    • B. 

      Succinate dehydrogenase

    • C. 

      Succinate

    • D. 

      Succinyl CoA

    • E. 

      Acetyl CoA