Tests Your Knowledge Of Cell Organelles And Their Basic Functions

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 41

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Cell Organelle Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz tests your knowledge of organelles and their basic functions within the cell.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The organelle that is referred to as the "control center" of the cell is the
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Nucleolus

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

  • 2. 
    The endoplasmic reticulum is sometimes referred to as a(n)
    • A. 

      Powerhouse of the cell

    • B. 

      Intracellular highway

    • C. 

      Packaging and processing center of the cell

  • 3. 
    Mitochondria create much ATP in their folded inner membrane called the
    • A. 

      Cisternae

    • B. 

      Cilia

    • C. 

      Cristae

  • 4. 
    These vesicles that are produced in the Golgi apparatus contain digestive enzymes that rid the cell of dead or worn out parts
    • A. 

      Peroxisomes

    • B. 

      Lysosomes

    • C. 

      Chromosomes

  • 5. 
    These small, somewhat spherical organelles are produced in the nucleolus and carry out the process of protein synthesis
    • A. 

      Ribosomes

    • B. 

      Vesicles

    • C. 

      Chromosomes

  • 6. 
    Proteins and other materials produced in the endoplasmic reticulum are packaged into specific bundles, placed in vesicles, and sent out of the cell by the
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Nucleolus

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus

  • 7. 
    Integral and peripheral proteins carry out all the following functions except
    • A. 

      Serve as identifiers for the cell

    • B. 

      Produce lipids to be used by the cell

    • C. 

      Transport substances into and out of the cell

  • 8. 
    Microtubules and microfilaments are found throughout the cytoplasm for all the following purposes except
    • A. 

      Transporting substances across the plasma membrane

    • B. 

      Serve as "tracks" for organelle movement inside the cell

    • C. 

      Provide structure and support for the cell

  • 9. 
    The jellylike fluid which fills the space inside the cell is called the
    • A. 

      Nucleoplasm

    • B. 

      Cytosol

    • C. 

      Lysosol

  • 10. 
    Chromatin fibers are best described as
    • A. 

      Uncoiled DNA in the nucleus

    • B. 

      Part of the cytoskeleton

    • C. 

      Part of the spindle assembly in cell division

  • 11. 
    Made of microtubules, centrioles are structures that function only
    • A. 

      During cell growth

    • B. 

      When the cell is actively producing ATP

    • C. 

      During cell division

  • 12. 
    Having many ribosomes attached to it, this organelle produces proteins as well as other substances and then transports them to other parts of the cell
    • A. 

      Rough ER

    • B. 

      Smooth ER

    • C. 

      Nucleolus

  • 13. 
    A vesicle containing a crystalline enzyme, this organelle may be found abundantly in cells in the liver and kidneys due to their role in detoxification
    • A. 

      Lysosome

    • B. 

      Peroxisome

    • C. 

      Chromosome

  • 14. 
    These structures, because they have their own DNA, a membrane that is composed of a phospholipid bilayer, and produce energy, are thought the have evolved from being prokaryotes to becoming eukaryotic organelles through a process called
    • A. 

      Cellular respiration

    • B. 

      Photosynthesis

    • C. 

      Endosymbiosis

  • 15. 
    Lacking bound ribosomes, this structure produces different types of lipids to be transported to other parts of the cell
    • A. 

      Rough ER

    • B. 

      Smooth ER

    • C. 

      Nucleolus

  • 16. 
    Composed of a phospholipid bilayer with integral and peripheral proteins, this cell structure is semi-permeable, allowing only certain substances to pass into or out of the cell
    • A. 

      Nuclear envelope

    • B. 

      Mitochondrial cristae

    • C. 

      Plasma membrane

  • 17. 
    "Fluid mosaic model" is a term used to describe the
    • A. 

      Nuclear envelope

    • B. 

      Mitochondrial cristae

    • C. 

      Plasma membrane

  • 18. 
    A long, single, whip-like tail, this special organelle aids in locomotion (movement) for some types of cells or unicellular organisms
    • A. 

      Flagellum

    • B. 

      Cilium

    • C. 

      Villus

  • 19. 
    Cellular movement is provided for many cells and unicellular organisms by  these organelles, most often found in large numbers extending from the surface of the plasma membrane
    • A. 

      Flagella

    • B. 

      Cilia

    • C. 

      Villi

  • 20. 
    In eukaryotic cells, DNA is found here
    • A. 

      Cytosol

    • B. 

      Plasma membrane

    • C. 

      Nucleus

  • 21. 
    In prokaryotic cells, genetic material is located here
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Nucleolus

    • C. 

      Nucleoid

  • 22. 
    These openings in the nuclear envelope allow substances to enter and leave the nucleus
    • A. 

      Integral proteins

    • B. 

      Nuclear pores

    • C. 

      Peripheral proteins

  • 23. 
    These organelles are found abundantly in white blood cells that function in autophagy
    • A. 

      Lysosomes

    • B. 

      Peroxisomes

    • C. 

      Chromosomes

  • 24. 
    Waste products of metabolism, water, enzymes, and other substances are stored in this organelle found in plant cells
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Central vacuole

    • C. 

      Cytosol

  • 25. 
    Chloroplasts contain this green pigment that is responsible for absorbing light energy for photosynthesis in plant cells
    • A. 

      Thylakoids

    • B. 

      Stroma

    • C. 

      Chlorophyll

  • 26. 
    Plastids that store starch in plant cells are called
    • A. 

      Leucoplasts and amyoplasts

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts and chromoplasts

    • C. 

      Leucoplasts and chromoplasts

  • 27. 
    Photosynthesis takes place in the membranes of these flattened  sacs found within the choloroplast
    • A. 

      Plastids

    • B. 

      Vacuoles

    • C. 

      Thylakoids

  • 28. 
    This structure, not found in animal cells, provides strength for plant cells and is found outside the plasma membrane
    • A. 

      Central vacuole

    • B. 

      Plastid

    • C. 

      Cell wall