Cell Organelles & Their Functions

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 152

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Cell Organelles & Their Functions

The following quiz will assess your understanding of the various organelles found in plant and animal cells.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following organelles provides an ability to control what enters and exits the cell?
    • A. 

      Nuclear membrane

    • B. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Cell membrane

    • D. 

      Vacuole

  • 2. 
    This organelle is responsible for making ATP, the energy source for the animal cell.
    • A. 

      Chloroplasts

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus

  • 3. 
    The following picture is an organelle responsible for making sure proteins are shipped out to the appropriate places in and out of the cell. 
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • C. 

      Vacuoles

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 4. 
    In Tay-Sachs disease, this organelle in cells lack a digestive enzyme that breaks down lipids. Then, these lipids accumulate causing nerve damage in the brain. 
    • A. 

      Vacuole

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

    • E. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

  • 5. 
    Which of the following pairs of organelles are involved in creating membranes to enclose proteins, molecules or enzymes to be used in other parts of the cell?
    • A. 

      Golgi and endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum and nucleus

    • C. 

      Golgi and mitochondria

    • D. 

      Lysosomes and vacuoles

  • 6. 
    These organelles are responsible for making proteins
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Lysosomes

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 7. 
    The following diagram must be representing which of the following organelles? (Let me know if this picture does not show up)
    • A. 

      Rough ER

    • B. 

      Smooth ER

    • C. 

      Mitochondria

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is NOT a difference found between the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?
    • A. 

      Rough ER has ribosomes

    • B. 

      Smooth ER makes lipid molecules

    • C. 

      Rough ER will be found in cells that produce a lot of enzymes

    • D. 

      Smooth ER is made up of a lot of membranes

  • 9. 
    The plasma membrane could create a membrane to house  a molecule or enzyme entering the cell.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Since the cell membrane is "selective" in what it allows to enter and exit the cell, the membrane is able to maintain a specific environment inside the cell.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The diagram below can best be described as what type of transport?
    • A. 

      Facilitated Diffusion

    • B. 

      Passive Transport

    • C. 

      Active Transport

    • D. 

      Osmosis

  • 12. 
    The following diagram can best be described as what type of transport?
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Passive Transport

    • C. 

      Facilitated Diffusion

    • D. 

      Active Transport

  • 13. 
    What type of transport would best describe the following diagram?
    • A. 

      Facilitated Diffusion

    • B. 

      Active Transport

    • C. 

      Passive Transport

    • D. 

      Osmosis

  • 14. 
    What type of transport would best describe the following transport across a cell membrane?
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Active Transport

    • C. 

      Facilitated Diffusion

    • D. 

      Passive Transport

  • 15. 
    What of the following list would PASSIVELY pass through a cell membrane without the assistane of a protein OR ATP? (mark all that apply)
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Carbon Dioxide

    • C. 

      Na+

    • D. 

      Water

    • E. 

      K+