Cell Organelles And Function Quiz Exam!

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 3216

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Cell Organelles And Function Quiz Exam!

Do you find cell organelles interesting? Cell organelles are concentrated units, typically within a cell that has a specific function. The name organelle comes from the belief that these structures are parts of cells, as organs are to the body. Most organelles are functional units within cells, and organelles are discovered by microscopy. This quiz will show you how organelles operate. Don’t forget to take your certificate when you have completed this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Plant cells are different from animal cells. Select the name of the structures found in plant cells but not in animal cells. 
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Plasma membrane

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Cell wall

    • E. 

      Chloroplast

    • F. 

      Central vacuole

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Proteins sandwiched between two layers of phospholipids.

    • B. 

      Proteins embedded in two layers of phospholipid.

    • C. 

      Phospholipids sandwiched between two layers of proteins

    • D. 

      A layer of protein coating a layer of phospholipids.

  • 3. 
    During diffusion, molecules move...
    • A. 

      From areas of low concentration to areas of high concentration.

    • B. 

      From areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration.

    • C. 

      By active transport.

    • D. 

      Only through selectively permeable membranes.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is an incorrect match of organelle and function?
    • A. 

      Ribosome----protein synthesis

    • B. 

      Lysosome----digestion

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus----photosynthesis

    • D. 

      Plasma membrane----active transport

    • E. 

      Microfilaments----cell movement

  • 5. 
    In mitochondria, chemical energy becomes available to cells through a process called...
    • A. 

      Photosynthesis

    • B. 

      Cellular respiration

    • C. 

      Osmosis

    • D. 

      Exocytosis

  • 6. 
    Select each key idea of cell theory.
    • A. 

      All living things are made of cells.

    • B. 

      Cells are able to spontaneously generate

    • C. 

      Cells are the basic units of structure and function

    • D. 

      All cells come from other cells

    • E. 

      Cells can only do 1 job

  • 7. 
    What characteristics do all eukaryotic cells share?
    • A. 

      Cell wall

    • B. 

      Nucleus surrounded by its own membrane

    • C. 

      Chloroplasts

    • D. 

      Other internal membrane bound organelles

    • E. 

      Flagella

  • 8. 
    Select the organisms that represent prokaryotic cells.
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Algae

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Archaea

    • E. 

      Insects

  • 9. 
    What happens to an animal cell placed in a hypotonic environment?
    • A. 

      The cell will shrink due to the movement of water out of the cell.

    • B. 

      The cell will remain the same size because the movement of water into the cell will equal the movement of water out of the cell.

    • C. 

      The cell will swell dut to the movement of water into the cell.

    • D. 

      The cell will swell dut to the movement of solute into the cell.

  • 10. 
    What is the function of the golgi apparatus?
    • A. 

      To collect sunlight for the process of photosynthesis.

    • B. 

      To make proteins that can be used by other cells.

    • C. 

      Control the hereditary information of the cell.

    • D. 

      The golgi apparatus receives protein products from the ER, processes and repackages them, and routes them to their destinations.

  • 11. 
                                                      Identify letter A.
    • A. 

      Cell wall

    • B. 

      Plasma membrane

    • C. 

      Nuclear envelope

  • 12. 
                                                         Identify letter J
    • A. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • D. 

      Vacuole

  • 13. 
                                                                Identify letter E
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Chloroplast

    • C. 

      Mitochondria

    • D. 

      Lysosome

  • 14. 
                                                              Identify letter F
    • A. 

      Nucleolus

    • B. 

      Nuclear envelope

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 15. 
    What is the function of the mitochondria?
    • A. 

      Produce energy through photosynthesis

    • B. 

      Act as a pathway for proteins

    • C. 

      Convert energy in sugar to energy in ATP through cellular respiration

    • D. 

      Control the cell

  • 16. 
    Select all of the organelles that are matched properly with their functions.
    • A. 

      Nucleolus - contains parts of ribosomes

    • B. 

      Mitochondria - photosynthesis

    • C. 

      Nucleus - make protein

    • D. 

      Plasma (cell) membrane - regulate movement of materials into and out of the cell.

    • E. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum - produce lipids

    • F. 

      Ribosome - make proteins

    • G. 

      Golgi apparatus - cellular respiration

  • 17. 
    Movement of molecules across a membrane from high concentrations to low concentrations without the use of energy is called active transport.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    When large particles enter a cell through the use of a vesicle it is called exocytosis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Identify the 3 functions of a nucleus.
    • A. 

      Contain DNA

    • B. 

      Go through cellular respiration

    • C. 

      Control how the cell works

    • D. 

      Go through photosynthesis

    • E. 

      Control the making of proteins