The Cardiovascular System 2

36 Questions | Total Attempts: 111

SettingsSettingsSettings
Cardiovascular System Quizzes & Trivia

I created these quizzes to help me study for my A&P exams. This quiz deals with the heart chambers and valves.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The _______ are the upper two chambers of the heart.
  • 2. 
    The _______ are the lower two chambers of the heart.
  • 3. 
    The muscular walls of the atria are _________, but are highly __________.
  • 4. 
    The atria are responsible for receiving blood from the _______.
  • 5. 
    The atria function as _________ between contractions.
  • 6. 
    ________ are small, earlike projections that are the expandable portions of the atria.
    • A. 

      Atrioventricular orifice

    • B. 

      Interatrial septums

    • C. 

      Chordae tendineae

    • D. 

      Papillary muscles

    • E. 

      Auricles

  • 7. 
    The _________ is the structure that seperates the right and left atria.
    • A. 

      Auricles

    • B. 

      Interatrial septum

    • C. 

      Atrioventricular orifice

    • D. 

      Chordae tendineae

    • E. 

      Interventricular septum

  • 8. 
    The ventricles are responsible for pumping blood out of the _______ and into the ________.
  • 9. 
    The __________ is the structure that seperates the right and left ventricles
    • A. 

      Interventricular septum

    • B. 

      Chordae tendineae

    • C. 

      Atrioventricular orifice

    • D. 

      Interatrial septum

    • E. 

      Mitral valve

  • 10. 
    The _______ is the opening between an atrium and its ventricle.
    • A. 

      Interatrial septum

    • B. 

      Interventricular septum

    • C. 

      Chordea tendineae

    • D. 

      Papillary muscle

    • E. 

      Atrioventricular orifice

  • 11. 
    Each atrioventricular orifice is guarded by an _____________.
    • A. 

      Interatrial septum

    • B. 

      Atrioventricular valve

    • C. 

      Papillary muscle

    • D. 

      Interventricular septum

    • E. 

      Auricle

  • 12. 
    The two A-V valves are the ________ valve located in the right side of the heart, and the ________valve (also called the __________ valve) which is located in the left side of the heart.
  • 13. 
    Each AV valve consists of ______ which are flaps of fibrous tissue that project from the heart wall into the opening between the atrium and ventricle.
  • 14. 
    The cusps are covered with a layer of ___________.
  • 15. 
    The __________ are strong, fibrous strings that are attached to the cusps on the bottom side.
    • A. 

      Papillary muscles

    • B. 

      Auricles

    • C. 

      Semilunar valves

    • D. 

      S-V nodes

    • E. 

      Chordae tendineae

  • 16. 
    The _________ are muscles that extend inward from the ventricular walls and they attach to the chordea tendineae.
  • 17. 
    When the A-V valves close, the _______ and the _________ prevent the cusps from swinging back into the atria.
  • 18. 
    The right atrium receives blood from two very large veins which are the ___________ and the __________.
  • 19. 
    The ______ is a somewhat smaller vein that drains blood from the wall of the heart itself into the right atrium.
  • 20. 
    The right atrioventricular orifice is guarded by the ______________ which is composed of three cusps and permits blood movement from the right atrium to the right ventricle and from the right ventricle to the right atrium.
    • A. 

      Mitral valve

    • B. 

      Semilunar valve

    • C. 

      Tricuspid valve

    • D. 

      Bicuspid valve

    • E. 

      Pulmonary valve

  • 21. 
    The tricuspid valve folds passively out of the way when the blood pressure is _____ in the right atrium than in the right ventricle.
  • 22. 
    The right ventricle pumps blood into the ______.
    • A. 

      Aorta

    • B. 

      Superior vena cava

    • C. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • D. 

      Pulmonary trunk

    • E. 

      Coronary sinus

  • 23. 
    The base of the pulmonary trunk is guarded by the _____________ which also consists of 3 cusps.
  • 24. 
    The pulmonary valve is _______ as the right ventricle contracts.
  • 25. 
    The right ventricle has a _______ muscular wall than the left ventricle.
Back to Top Back to top