Cardiac Lecture Two Material

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 48

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Material Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which type of Endocarditis results from vegetations produced by microorganisms?
    • A. 

      Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis

    • B. 

      Rheumatic Heart Disease

    • C. 

      LSE

    • D. 

      Infectious endocarditis

  • 2. 
    Which type of endocarditis can have its main feature being attributed to an embolic stroke?
    • A. 

      NBTE

    • B. 

      IE

    • C. 

      Rheumatic heart disease

    • D. 

      CHF

  • 3. 
    What is the most common cause of CAD?
    • A. 

      Embolism

    • B. 

      Congenital

    • C. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • D. 

      Spasm

  • 4. 
    With cocaine use in CAD inhibition of norepinephrine can occur which can result in what?
    • A. 

      Increased cardiac output

    • B. 

      Increased vascular resistance

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      Elevated arterial blood pressure

  • 5. 
    What is the most common cause of angina and MI?
    • A. 

      CAD

    • B. 

      CHF

    • C. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • D. 

      Studying for this exam

  • 6. 
    What types of cells form fatty streaks in atherosclerosis?
    • A. 

      Foam

    • B. 

      Adipose

    • C. 

      Macrophages

    • D. 

      Thrombocytes

  • 7. 
    Which type of angina results from transient spasms instead of actually coronary artery blockage?
    • A. 

      Stable angina

    • B. 

      Prinzmetal angina

    • C. 

      Unstable angina

    • D. 

      Reactive angina

  • 8. 
    Which type of MI can extend through the whole thickness of the heart muscle as a result of complete occlusion involving a major coronary artery? 
    • A. 

      Transmural MI

    • B. 

      Subendocardial MI

    • C. 

      Complete MI

    • D. 

      Third degree MI

  • 9. 
    Which type of MI involves a small area in the wall of the left ventricle, ventricular septum, or papillary muscles?
    • A. 

      Unstable Angina

    • B. 

      Transmural

    • C. 

      Subendocardial

    • D. 

      Second degree block

  • 10. 
    Transmural elevations are seen on an ECG as an ST depression.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Which region of the heart is highly susceptible to ischemia?
  • 12. 
    Which nerve fibers have been attributed to causing chest pain? 
    • A. 

      Parasympathetic afferent fibers

    • B. 

      Sympathetic afferent fibers

    • C. 

      Parasympathetic efferent fibers

    • D. 

      Sympathetic efferent fibers

  • 13. 
    What 3 factors account for asymptomatic episodes of myocardial ischemia?
    • A. 

      Dysfunction of the afferent nerves

    • B. 

      Transient reduced perfusion

    • C. 

      Differing pain thresholds

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    Which heart sound is heard due to a noncompliant or stiff left ventricle?
    • A. 

      S2

    • B. 

      S4

    • C. 

      S3

    • D. 

      S1

  • 15. 
    What condition occurs when the pericardial space fills up with fluid faster than the pericardial sac can stretch leading to pressure on the heart?
    • A. 

      Ascites

    • B. 

      Cardiac tamponade

    • C. 

      Shock

    • D. 

      Angina

  • 16. 
    Nausea and vomiting can occur in an inferior wall MI due to disruption of what nerve?
    • A. 

      Recurrent laryngeal

    • B. 

      Pudendal

    • C. 

      Vagus

    • D. 

      Splanchnic

  • 17. 
    What clinical feature is readily seen in both constrictive endocarditis and in right heart failure?
    • A. 

      Kussmaul's sign aka raised JVP

    • B. 

      Friction rub

    • C. 

      Chest pain

    • D. 

      Shock

  • 18. 
    Paradoxic pulse, which is seen in pericardial tamponade results in?
    • A. 

      Decrease in systemic pressure with expiration

    • B. 

      Increase in systemic pressure with inspiration

    • C. 

      Decrease in systemic pressure with inspiration

    • D. 

      Increase in systemic pressure with expiration

  • 19. 
    Which heart condition results from a sudden filling of the pericardial space leading to abnormal amounts of fluid within the pericardial sac?
    • A. 

      Pericarditis

    • B. 

      CHF

    • C. 

      Hydrothorax

    • D. 

      Pericardial effusion

  • 20. 
    Bonus question: In parkinson's disease what eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusion tends to aggregate and be seen within the brain?
    • A. 

      Neurofilaments

    • B. 

      Lewy Bodies

    • C. 

      Monoamines

    • D. 

      Synaptic vesicle proteins