U.S. History Standards Questions: Early Period

14 Questions

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US History Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz prepares students for STAR testing in U. S. History. It covers the colonial period. the Constitution, and the industrialization period.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The principle of popular sovereignty was central to the founding of the United States.  Which of the following statements best expresses the meaning of popular sovereignty?
    • A. 

      Some people consent to govern.

    • B. 

      All people consent to be governed.

    • C. 

      The winner of the popular vote governs.

    • D. 

      States consent to be governed by a central government.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following resulted from the writings of John Locke and other Enlightenment philosophers?
    • A. 

      Colonists rationalized the legal use of an enslaved African American workforce.

    • B. 

      Colonists questioned the morality and legality of an enslaved African American workforce.

    • C. 

      Colonists justifying their “natural right” to settle the North American continent from coast to coast.

    • D. 

      Colonists questioned their role as subjects of the English crown and strived for political independence.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following best describes the influence of the Great Awakening of the 1700s on the founding of the United States?
    • A. 

      The Great Awakening woke colonists up to their unfair circumstances.

    • B. 

      The Great Awakening brought about a backlash and religious persecution in Europe, which increased immigration of free-minded colonists to the New World.

    • C. 

      The Great Awakening sparked colonial outrage at the Intolerable Acts imposed on them by England between 1760–1775.

    • D. 

      The Great Awakening’s ideas of breaking away from traditional authority and equality before the law inspired important colonial thinkers.

  • 4. 
    TThe Constitution differed from the Articles of Confederation in which important way?
    • A. 

      The Constitution emphasized individual rights and responsibilities less than the Articles of Confederation.

    • B. 

      The Constitution placed less power with the federal government than the Articles of Confederation.

    • C. 

      The Constitution placed more power with the federal government than the Articles of Confederation.

    • D. 

      The Constitution and the Articles of Confederation did not differ in any important way.

  • 5. 
     Which of the following demographic shifts resulted directly from the Civil War and Reconstruction?
    • A. 

      Large numbers of immigrants began to migrate from southern Europe to urban centers in the United States.

    • B. 

      Large numbers of freed African Americans began to leave the United States.

    • C. 

      Native Americans are displaced as farmers and ranchers settled all of the Great Plains.

    • D. 

      Large numbers of freed African Americans began to migrate to northern urban centers.

  • 6. 
    Between 1870 and 1900 the urban population of the United States boomed. Which pair of factors below most contributed to this boom?
    • A. 

      Immigration and industrialization

    • B. 

      Gold mining and industrialization

    • C. 

      Completion of the transcontinental railroad and industrialization

    • D. 

      Famine and political persecution

  • 7. 
    President Teddy Roosevelt was a noted reformer. Which of the following reforms that he implemented was inspired by Upton Sinclair’s portrayal of industrial corruption in his book The Jungle?
    • A. 

      Passage of the Hepburn Act

    • B. 

      Passage of the Meat Inspection Act

    • C. 

      Passage of the Newland Reclamation Act

    • D. 

      Passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act

  • 8. 
    As American cities grew rapidly in the late 1800s, distinct urban neighborhoods began to emerge. Which of the following best explains the reasons for this development?
    • A. 

      Public transportation and housing

    • B. 

      Religious affiliation and geography

    • C. 

      Immigration and industrialization

    • D. 

      Economic class and ethnicity

  • 9. 
    Which of the following was a negative effect of the Americanization movement?
    • A. 

      It discouraged recent immigrants from assimilating.

    • B. 

      It encouraged recent immigrants to assimilate.

    • C. 

      It encouraged Native Americans to forget their own cultural traditions.

    • D. 

      It encouraged recent immigrants to forget their own cultural traditions.

  • 10. 
    Which answer best describes the political machines, such as Tammany Hall, that emerged in American cities in the late 1800s?
    • A. 

      Grassroots political groups that represented only the interests of a city’s recent immigrant groups

    • B. 

      Informal political groups that exploited the needs and fears of recent immigrant groups

    • C. 

      Established political groups that represented the interests of native-born, established city residents

    • D. 

      Groups of carpetbaggers that exploited the South’s damaged economy during Reconstruction after the Civil War

  • 11. 
    Which of the following explains one of the reasons that in the late 1800s, large companies such as Standard Oil formed trusts and holding companies?
    • A. 

      To ensure that no one company could achieve a monopoly in any given market

    • B. 

      To let their employees share in a small percentage of the profit

    • C. 

      To block attempts by reform groups to improve industry working conditions

    • D. 

      To control a group of companies in one industry as though they were a single company

  • 12. 
    Abundant natural resources, a large, ready workforce, excellent ocean and Great Lakes harbors, and free enterprise all contributed to the rapid industrialization of the United States after the Civil War. Which of the following pair of factors also contributed to the rapid rise of industrialization?
    • A. 

      Reconstruction of the South and immigration

    • B. 

      New inventions and labor organization

    • C. 

      Rapidly expanding railroad system and new inventions

    • D. 

      Rapidly expanding railroad system and discovery of Alaskan oil

  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements about the ideologies of Social Darwinism and Social Gospel is correct?
    • A. 

      Social Gospel sprang from religious ideals, while Social Darwinism sprang from the theory of evolution.

    • B. 

      Social Darwinism was concerned with urban reforms, while Social Gospel addressed rural reforms.

    • C. 

      Social Darwinism was founded on religious principles, while Social Gospel was founded on scientific principles.

    • D. 

      Both ideologies stressed that competition was the source of many social problems.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following groups of people would have most likely voted for a Populist party candidate in the 1890s?
    • A. 

      Farmers

    • B. 

      Factory workers

    • C. 

      Robber barons

    • D. 

      Independent craftspeople