Botany Final Exam

54 Questions

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Botany Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
  • 2. 
    A spore is a unicellular reproductive structure that develops into an adult without undergoing fertilization
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Using spores to create a new organism

    • B. 

      Repotting a whole plant into a bigger pot

    • C. 

      Taking an organism and separating part of it to get a new plant

  • 4. 
    In gametic meiosis, the only diploid structure is the adult.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      N zygote, N spores, 2N adult, N gametes

    • B. 

      2N zygote, N spores, N adult, N gametes

    • C. 

      N zygote, 2n spores, 2N adult, N gametes

    • D. 

      2N zygot, N spores, 2N adult, N gametes

  • 6. 
    List the basic steps of Sporic Meiosis.
  • 7. 
    Choose the two kinds of alternations of generations.
    • A. 

      Isomorphic

    • B. 

      Isogamous

    • C. 

      Anisogamous

    • D. 

      Heteromorphic

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Isogamous are biochemically and morphologically similar, anisogamous are different in both ways

    • B. 

      Anisogamous are similar morphologically, isogamous are different morphologically

    • C. 

      Isogamous are morphologically similar but biochemically different, anisogamous are not similar in either way

    • D. 

      Anisogamous + and - gametes fuse and isogamous male and female gametes fuse

  • 9. 
    Cyanobacteria are in Domain Eukarya.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Choose the characteristics of Cyanobacteria
    • A. 

      Contains cholorphyll a with accessory pigments phycobilins and carotenoids

    • B. 

      Ubiquitous

    • C. 

      Asexual reproduction

    • D. 

      Sexual reproduction

    • E. 

      Glycogen is reserve food

    • F. 

      Cyanophycean starch is reserve food

    • G. 

      Gave rise to oxygen first and moved life from water to land

    • H. 

      Depletes the ozone layer

    • I. 

      Participates in primary succession even without soil

    • J. 

      Are part of Domain Eukarya

    • K. 

      Are pollution indicators because they create an algal bloom

  • 11. 
    When nitrogen gas concentration is low in the environment, these ______ form to allow for nitrogen fixation to occur in Cyanobacteria. They have a dense center.
  • 12. 
    Akinetes are much larger than other vegetative cells and are asexual cells that are specialized to withstand unfavorable environmental conditions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Protista

    • B. 

      Plantae

    • C. 

      Animalia

    • D. 

      Bacteria

    • E. 

      Fungi

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Have plant characteristics and some have animal characteristics

    • B. 

      More advanced than bacteria and less advanced that other prokaryotes

    • C. 

      Eukaryotic cells and lack true plant, animal, or fungal

    • D. 

      There are no kingdom characteristics due to the great diversity of this Kingdom.

  • 15. 
    Choose the divisions from Protista.
    • A. 

      Chlorophyta

    • B. 

      Gnetophyta

    • C. 

      Anthophyta

    • D. 

      Phaeophyta

    • E. 

      Rhodophyta

    • F. 

      Basidiomycota

    • G. 

      Bacillariophyta

    • H. 

      Euglenophyta

    • I. 

      Dictyosteliomycota

  • 16. 
  • 17. 
    Chlorophyta is known as green algae, has cellulose cell walls, and contains cholorphyll a & b.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Other than cell wall material and cholorphyll types, what are the important characteristics of Chlorophyta?
  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Motile to non-motile

    • B. 

      Unicellular to multicellular

    • C. 

      Colonial to filamentous

    • D. 

      Prokaryotic to eukaryotic

  • 20. 
    ____________ is the basis of the aquatic food chain, edible in Asian cultures, and has a symbiotic relationship with sea slugs in which this organism lives within the respiratory chambers.
  • 21. 
    CHLAMYDOMONAS is found in which Division?
    • A. 

      Phaeophyta

    • B. 

      Bryophyta

    • C. 

      Euglenophyta

    • D. 

      Chlorophyta

  • 22. 
    Describe the anatomy of CHLAMYDOMONAS.
    • A. 

      Eyespot

    • B. 

      Large chloroplast

    • C. 

      No flagella

    • D. 

      2 apical flagella

    • E. 

      Pyrenoids

    • F. 

      Colonial

  • 23. 
  • 24. 
    VOLVOX is not a colonial organism
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Two types of cells can be produced from a VOLVOX colony.
  • 26. 
    SPIROGYRA is filamentous
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    ________ forms between two SPIROGYRA strands to allow movement of male gamete to fertilize the female.
  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Water net, made of siphons, multinucleate, haploid

    • B. 

      Water net, made of siphons, multinucleate, dikaryotic

    • C. 

      No water net, made of conjugation tubes, diploid

  • 29. 
    Phaeophyta is also known as kelp or brown algae, has chlorophyll a and c, and its accessory pigment is fucoxanthin.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      Cellulose and alginic acid cell wall

    • B. 

      Laminarin is reserve food

    • C. 

      Starch is reserve food

    • D. 

      2 lateral flagella

    • E. 

      Holdfast, stipe, blades

    • F. 

      Air bladders

    • G. 

      Warm, fresh waters

    • H. 

      Cold, marine waters

    • I. 

      Large and multicellular

  • 31. 
    __________ are edible, part of the primary base of food chain, and is found in cloth/medical guaze. Its algenic acid is slimy and used as an emulsifies and stabilizer, used in ice cream, toothpaste, cheese, salad dressings, cream soup. In addition to fibers being found in cloth/ medical guaze, they are also found in cosmetics and printing paste, used to feed cattle in France, fertilizer and has antibiotic properties.
  • 32. 
    ______ is used during labor to enhance contractions.
  • 33. 
    LAMINARIA, FUCUS and ECTOCARPUS can all be found in Division Phaeophyta.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    LAMINARIA undergoes ______ meiosis and FUCUS undergoes _____ meiosis.
    • A. 

      Heteromorphic alt. of gen., gametic

    • B. 

      Gametic, sporic

    • C. 

      Zygotic, gametic

    • D. 

      Heteromorphic alt. of gen., zygotic.

  • 35. 
    In LAMINARIA, the gametophyte is dominant and the egg doesn't stay on the gametophyte.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    In LAMINARIA: Choose all that apply
    • A. 

      The sperm does not swim to the egg

    • B. 

      The sperm must swim to the egg

    • C. 

      Zygote and sporophyte develop on top of gametophyte and take it over.

    • D. 

      Gametophyte, not the sporophyte, is dominant.

  • 37. 
    FUCUS is the first organism that we see with _______.
  • 38. 
    FUCUS has male and female parts on the same plant usually.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Structures that are found in FUCUS:
    • A. 

      2N male and female thallus

    • B. 

      N male and female thallus

    • C. 

      2N receptacles and conceptacles

    • D. 

      No conceptacles

  • 40. 
    ECTOCARPUS undergoes isomorphic alternation of generations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    • A. 

      2N unilocular sporangium

    • B. 

      N zoospores

    • C. 

      2N zoospores

    • D. 

      N unilocular spores

    • E. 

      2N plurilocular gametangium

    • F. 

      N plurilocular gametangium

  • 42. 
    This structure is involved in the asexual life cycle of ECTOCARPUS. It produces 2N spores that develop into 2N sporophytes.
    • A. 

      2N plurilocular sporangium

    • B. 

      N plurilocular sporangium

    • C. 

      2N plurilocular gametangium

    • D. 

      2N unilocular sporangium

  • 43. 
    Division Rhodophyta is also known as red algae.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    • A. 

      Cholorphyll a & b with phycolbilins

    • B. 

      Cellulose as reserve food

    • C. 

      Floridean starch as reserve food

    • D. 

      No flagella

    • E. 

      Flagella present in larval stages

    • F. 

      Cellulose and galactose cell wall

    • G. 

      Warm, marine waters

    • H. 

      Chlorophyll a & d with phycobilins

    • I. 

      Filamentous, membraneous, few unicellular

  • 45. 
    ____ and _____ make up galactose
  • 46. 
    _______ is in sushi. Its caregenan is similar to alganic acid and can be found in toothpaste, shaving cream, cough syrup and pudding. Its agar can be found in vitamins and some pills, electrophoresis, baking, jello/some deserts, and preservatives for meats in tropical regiouns. It is a primary produces and some have evolved toxic substances.
  • 47. 
    2N tetrasporophyte, N tetraspores, 2N carposporophyte, 2N carpospores. These structures are all present in _____.
  • 48. 
    Polysiphonia undergoes isomorphic alternation of generations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    Diatoms, which are in _______, undergo gametic meiosis.
  • 50. 
    Chlorophyll a and c are found in these organisms with fucoxanthin. Silicon is found in their cell wall. Chyrsolaminarin is the reserve food. Flagella are usually absent and the organisms are typically unicellular. What division is this?
    • A. 

      Chlorophyta

    • B. 

      Zygomycota

    • C. 

      Euglenophyta

    • D. 

      Bacillariophyta

  • 51. 
    Smaller bodies of fresh water tend to have circular diatoms with radial symmetry
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    Marine and larger fresh waters tend to have pennate diatoms with bilateral symmetry.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 53. 
    Describe the life cycle of diatoms.
  • 54. 
    • A. 

      Produces nearly 1/4 of all food

    • B. 

      Medicine

    • C. 

      Toothpaste, abrasive substances, cleansers

    • D. 

      Diamtomaceous earth

    • E. 

      Furniture polish

    • F. 

      Red tides

    • G. 

      Massive fish kills

    • H. 

      Bioluminescent capabilities, protection against predators by startling predators or making the animal that feeds on them more visible

    • I. 

      Clean small bodies of water

    • J. 

      Filter in swimming pools

    • K. 

      Insulation around furnaces and boilers

    • L. 

      Brass and silver polish

    • M. 

      Food in Asian cultures