Bone Quiz

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Bone Quiz

Evolutionary anthropology test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The oldest fossil know of apossible african hominine  body size of chimp brain size 32-380cc traits heavy brow ridge flat face small incisors tm 
    • A. 

      Paranthropus boisei

    • B. 

      Sahelanthropus tchadensis

    • C. 

      Homo ergaster

  • 2. 
    Martin picford hills of jenya datees between 5.8-6.1 MYA microdin molars and small canines sugges that it ate mostly fruit and vegetables with occasional meat  small molers very thick enamel like our molars
    • A. 

      Australopithecus sediba

    • B. 

      Homo rudolfensis

    • C. 

      Orrorin tugenensis

  • 3. 
    Dates 4.4 MYA based on its interval between two volcanic strata  about the size of modern bonobo 
    • A. 

      Ardipithecus ramidus

    • B. 

      Cro magnon

    • C. 

      Homo ergaster

  • 4. 
    Dated 4.1-3.9 MYA the older specimens were found between two layers of volcanic ash traits probly walked uprigh the teeth were covered with a layer of enamel myuch thicker thatn that of ramudus diet of hard to chew foods
    • A. 

      Australopithecus sediba

    • B. 

      Australopithecus anamensis

    • C. 

      Orrorin tugenensis

  • 5. 
    3.5-3.2 MYA  more than 30 skull and tooth fragments has small ear hole like those of chimps it also shares many features of other primitive homininds such as small brain but it also has striking differences including high cheek nones and flat plane beneath its nose boine
    • A. 

      Kenyanthropus platyops

    • B. 

      Homo heidelbergensis

    • C. 

      Australopithecus sediba

  • 6. 
    Found hadar in afar region of ethiopia :"lucy" is 40% complete lived 2.9MYA was vipedal
    • A. 

      Homo rudolfensis

    • B. 

      Australopithecus africanus

    • C. 

      Australopithecus afarensis

  • 7. 
    The first secimen was of achild dubbed the taung bhcild the child walked bipedaly based upon the vertical orientation of the foramen magnum
    • A. 

      Sahelanthropus tchadensis

    • B. 

      Homo heidelbergensis

    • C. 

      Australopithecus africanus

  • 8. 
    Lacks the suite of derived dental facial and cranial features shared by paranthropus species is distinguishd from africanus and other early homo speies by its primitive frontal facial palatal and subnasa morphology 
    • A. 

      Australopithecus garhi

    • B. 

      Homo ergaster

    • C. 

      Kenyanthropus platyops

  • 9. 
    The fossil is of a YOUNG MALE that stood 4ft 2 they are well dated 1.95-1.78 MYO probably nearer the older date
    • A. 

      Homo ergaster

    • B. 

      Paranthropus robustus

    • C. 

      Australopithecus sediba

  • 10. 
    Estimated age is between 1.5-2.0myo ORGINALLY DESCRIBED AND NAMED BY ROBERT BROOK HE INFERRED FROM THE THIRD MOLAR THAT SK 48 WAS AN adult and that the small sagittal crest indicated a female the flat face extremely large molars and premolars are typical traits of the robust forms these traits are liinked to the development of chewing complex designed to process tough fibrous foods
    • A. 

      Paranthropus robustus

    • B. 

      Ardipithecus ramidus

    • C. 

      Sahelanthropus tchadensis

  • 11. 
    1.8MYO is nearly comlete cranuum of and adult male cranial capacity small 500-550cm skull highly specialized for heavt chewing similar to traits seeen in modern day gorillas teh back molar teeth were relatively large wiht the area over  twice as  nutcracker man
    • A. 

      Australopithecus sediba

    • B. 

      Cro magnon

    • C. 

      Paranthropus boisei

  • 12. 
    The tool man this was the first fossil member of the genus homo hound outside of asia they estimated the cranial capacity at 680cc just below more accepted lower limit of 700cc thew wanted to ascribe the find to our genus because of tools found associated in the same strata the first of this kind
    • A. 

      Homo habilis

    • B. 

      Homo rudolfensis

    • C. 

      Homo erectus

  • 13. 
    Differences in this skull when compared to other habulunes are too pronouced leading to the formulation of this species
    • A. 

      Homo erectus

    • B. 

      Homo rudolfensis

    • C. 

      Australopithecus africanus

  • 14. 
    Discovered in 1891 at trinil on the banks of the bengawan solo river in east java indonesia by eugene dubois  upright man
    • A. 

      Homo erectus

    • B. 

      Homo heidelbergensis

    • C. 

      Sahelanthropus tchadensis

  • 15. 
    Considered to be the ansester of both asian and european erectus and later h.sapiens may be 1.9MHYO traits more vaulted forehead reduced brow ridge rounded skull smalller teeth cranial capacity 700-900 cc modern body proportions below the neck tall and slender reduced sexual dimorphism  evidence indicates use of fire by 1.6MYO
    • A. 

      Homo ergaster

    • B. 

      Homo erectus

    • C. 

      Homo sapiens idaltu

  • 16. 
    Nearly complete cranium found near kabwe zambia it also called the kabwe cranium at least 125 KYA teeth are similar to mauer cranial 1300cc d
    • A. 

      Homo heidelbergensis

    • B. 

      Homo ergaster

    • C. 

      Homo rudolfensis

  • 17. 
    Discoverd in a cave in neander valley near germany signaled the first recognized fossil human form . inhavited europe and western asia during the latter part of pleistocene the climate in these region was much colder that it is today
    • A. 

      Neandertal

    • B. 

      Homo sapiens idaltu

    • C. 

      Homo erectus