Oligomenorrhea caused by hyperplasia of the endometrium
Polymenorrhea caused by a follicular cyst
Dysmenorrhea caused by a uterine fibroid
Secondary amenorrhea caused by a luteal cyst
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding caused by polycystic ovary syndrome
Thyroid Releasing Hormone
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone
Human placental lactogen inhibits the release of hypothalamic growth hormone releasing factor
Increased levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) inhibit the secretion of pituitary GH
Human chorionic gonadotropin inhibits the secretion of pituitary GH
Progesterone inhibits the release of hypothalamic growth hormone releasing factor
Placental GH inhibits the release of hypothalamic growth hormone releasing factor
Increased levels of prolactin (PRL) inhibit the secretion of pituitary GH
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF)
Low levels of estradiol (E2) during the proliferative phase
Low levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) during the proliferative phase
Low levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) during the proliferative phase
Low levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) during the secretory phase
Low levels of estradiol (E2) during the secretory phase
Low levels of progesterone during the secretory phase
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Gonadotropin releasing hormone
Elevated growth hormone
Elevated thyroid stimulating hormone
Insulin growth factor 1
Insulin growth factor 2
Pituitary growth hormone
Prostate specific antigen
Anorgasm is common in women
This patient may have an underlying pathophysiological or pathological condition
The mechanisms regulating orgasm are poorly understood
Approximately 35 to 50% of women experience some level of sexual dysfunction.
This patient is secretly longing for a colleague at her new job and no longer finds her partner sexually attractive.
All of The Above
Transport across the placenta is always a tightly coordinated receptor-mediated process
Transport mechanisms favor nutrient delivery from mother to fetus
Transport of nutrients is predominantly determined by nutrient levels in the maternal circulation.
Each class of nutrients (e.g. fat-soluble vitamins, amino acids, etc.) have well-defined transport mechanisms
Transport mechanisms regulate nutrient transport on the maternal and fetal sides of the placenta.
The enlarged prostate gland is compressing the pudendal nerve.
The man's age - men over 65-years-old exhibit increased rates of erectile dysfunction
The enlarged prostate gland is compressing the blood vessels supplying the corpus cavernosum.
The hyperlipidemia has caused artherosclerotic plaques which are blocking the arteries supplying the penis.
The patient has hyperglycemia which is the cause of the erectile dysfunction.
Stimulates breast growth
Causes hypertrophy of the pituitary gland
Stimulates vasodilation and increases uterine artery blood flow
Enhances placental uptake of LDL cholesterol
All choices are correct
The patient has mild hyperglycemia, which occurs in approximately 60% of the population.
According to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) this woman has gestational diabetes
The patient does not have gestational diabetes, and therefore the infant is not at increased risk for macrosomia
The patient has mild hyperglycemia and is at increased risk for developing type II diabetes in the future.
Human placental lactogen is increased in this patient and the cause of the hyperglycemia.
Corticotropin releasing hormone
Patent ductus arteriosus
Patent foramen ovale
Patent ductus venosus
Patent left-to-right shunt
Patent right-to-left shunt
HCG peak is at ~10 weeks of gestation
HCG peak is at ~20 weeks of gestation
HCG peak is at ~30weeks of gestation
HCG nadir is at ~10 weeks of gestation
HCG nadir is at ~20 weeks of gestation
HCG nadir is at ~30 weeks of gestation
The mother is likely to develop gestational hypertension
The mother is at increased risk of developing mild hyperglycemia
There is an increased incidence of giving birth to a large for gestational age (LGA) baby
There is an increased risk that the baby has Down Syndrome
There is an increased risk for placental abruption (i.e. placenta abruptio)
White adipose tissue
Brown adipose tissue