Pharm Respitory

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 304

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Pharm Respitory

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Match each respiratory drug with the appropriate description (each lettered option can be selected only once): A long-acting beta-2 agonist
    • A. 

      Atropine

    • B. 

      Albuterol

    • C. 

      Beclomethasone

    • D. 

      Codeine

    • E. 

      Cromolyn

    • F. 

      Dextromethorphan

    • G. 

      Dornase alpha

    • H. 

      Ipratropium

    • I. 

      Omalizumab

    • J. 

      Salmeterol

    • K. 

      Theophylline

    • L. 

      Zafirlukast

    • M. 

      Zileuton

  • 2. 
    Match each respiratory drug with the appropriate description (each lettered option can be selected only once): An opioid derivative with no addiction liability, used as antitussive
    • A. 

      Atropine

    • B. 

      Albuterol

    • C. 

      Beclomethasone

    • D. 

      Codeine

    • E. 

      Cromolyn

    • F. 

      Dextromethorphan

    • G. 

      Dornase alpha

    • H. 

      Ipratropium

    • I. 

      Omalizumab

    • J. 

      Salmeterol

    • K. 

      Theophylline

    • L. 

      Zafirlukast

    • M. 

      Zileuton

  • 3. 
    Match each respiratory drug with the appropriate description (each lettered option can be selected only once): A bronchodilator drug that can block Nn receptors
    • A. 

      Atropine

    • B. 

      Albuterol

    • C. 

      Beclomethasone

    • D. 

      Codeine

    • E. 

      Cromolyn

    • F. 

      Dextromethorphan

    • G. 

      Dornase alpha

    • H. 

      Ipratropium

    • I. 

      Omalizumab

    • J. 

      Salmeterol

    • K. 

      Theophylline

    • L. 

      Zafirlukast

    • M. 

      Zileuton

  • 4. 
    Match each respiratory drug with the appropriate description (each lettered option can be selected only once): A drug that blocks high affinity IgE receptors of sensitized mast cells
    • A. 

      Atropine

    • B. 

      Albuterol

    • C. 

      Beclomethasone

    • D. 

      Codeine

    • E. 

      Cromolyn

    • F. 

      Dextromethorphan

    • G. 

      Dornase alpha

    • H. 

      Ipratropium

    • I. 

      Omalizumab

    • J. 

      Salmeterol

    • K. 

      Theophylline

    • L. 

      Zafirlukast

    • M. 

      Zileuton

  • 5. 
    Match each respiratory drug with the appropriate description (each lettered option can be selected only once): An adenosine receptor antagonist
    • A. 

      Atropine

    • B. 

      Albuterol

    • C. 

      Beclomethasone

    • D. 

      Codeine

    • E. 

      Cromolyn

    • F. 

      Dextromethorphan

    • G. 

      Dornase alpha

    • H. 

      Ipratropium

    • I. 

      Omalizumab

    • J. 

      Salmeterol

    • K. 

      Theophylline

    • L. 

      Zafirlukast

    • M. 

      Zileuton

  • 6. 
    Match each respiratory drug with the appropriate description (each lettered option can be selected only once): An inhibitor of phospholipase A2
    • A. 

      Atropine

    • B. 

      Albuterol

    • C. 

      Beclomethasone

    • D. 

      Codeine

    • E. 

      Cromolyn

    • F. 

      Dextromethorphan

    • G. 

      Dornase alpha

    • H. 

      Ipratropium

    • I. 

      Omalizumab

    • J. 

      Salmeterol

    • K. 

      Theophylline

    • L. 

      Zafirlukast

    • M. 

      Zileuton

  • 7. 
    Match each respiratory drug with the appropriate description (each lettered option can be selected only once): An inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase
    • A. 

      Atropine

    • B. 

      Albuterol

    • C. 

      Beclomethasone

    • D. 

      Codeine

    • E. 

      Cromolyn

    • F. 

      Dextromethorphan

    • G. 

      Dornase alpha

    • H. 

      Ipratropium

    • I. 

      Omalizumab

    • J. 

      Salmeterol

    • K. 

      Theophylline

    • L. 

      Zafirlukast

    • M. 

      Zileuton

  • 8. 
    Match each respiratory drug with the appropriate description (each lettered option can be selected only once): A drug with mild analgesic properties often used as antitussive
    • A. 

      Atropine

    • B. 

      Albuterol

    • C. 

      Beclomethasone

    • D. 

      Codeine

    • E. 

      Cromolyn

    • F. 

      Dextromethorphan

    • G. 

      Dornase alpha

    • H. 

      Ipratropium

    • I. 

      Omalizumab

    • J. 

      Salmeterol

    • K. 

      Theophylline

    • L. 

      Zafirlukast

    • M. 

      Zileuton

  • 9. 
    A 34-year-old woman, who has been suffering from persistent asthma for four years, was admitted to the hospital because of an impending respiratory failure. She was treated with oxygen, nebulized albuterol, nebulized ipratropium, IV theophylline and IV hydrocortisone. Half an hour later a substantial clinical improvement was noted. The blockade of which of the following receptors most likely contributed to the efficacy of the therapy in the patient’s disorder?
    • A. 

      M2 muscarinic

    • B. 

      Adenosine A1

    • C. 

      Leukotriene B4

    • D. 

      Thromboxane A2

    • E. 

      Beta-2 adrenergic

    • F. 

      Prostaglandin I2

  • 10. 
    A 42-year-old woman with a long history of chronic severe asthma was admitted to the hospital with severe dyspnea, cyanosis and impending respiratory failure. An emergency therapy was started which included an IV dose of theophylline. Which of the following respiratory parameters was most likely decreased after the administration of the drug?
    • A. 

      Forced expiratory volume

    • B. 

      Residual volume

    • C. 

      Tidal volume

    • D. 

      Vital capacity

    • E. 

      Total lung capacity

  • 11. 
    Which of the following conditions can increase the clearance of theophylline?
    • A. 

      Chronic lung diseases

    • B. 

      Congestive heart failure

    • C. 

      Hepatic cirrhosis

    • D. 

      Smoking

    • E. 

      Age over 65

    • F. 

      Concomitant zileuton treatment

  • 12. 
    A 43-year-old man with a long history of chronic severe asthma was admitted to the hospital with severe dyspnea and impending respiratory failure. Because he was not responding to a therapy with inhaled albuterol, IV corticosteroids and oxygen it was decided to initiate theophylline IV. The goal was to reach an immediate therapeutic plasma concentration of 15 mg/L. Knowing that the Vd of theophylline is about 0.5 L/Kg, which of the following loading doses (in mg) was most likely given?
    • A. 

      525

    • B. 

      435

    • C. 

      110

    • D. 

      600

    • E. 

      85

  • 13. 
    A 45-year-old patient with a severe asthma exacerbation was treated in the emergency room with oxygen and several anti asthma drugs. Twenty-four hours after admission the patient developed nausea, vomiting, headache, tremor, nervousness, tinnitus, and atrial tachycardia. Which of the following drugs most likely caused these adverse effects?
    • A. 

      Cromolyn

    • B. 

      Prednisone

    • C. 

      Ipratropium

    • D. 

      Zileuton

    • E. 

      Zafirlukast

    • F. 

      Theophylline

  • 14. 
    A 54-year old woman with chronic asthma presented with an upper respiratory tract infection and erythromycin was prescribed. Her asthma was reasonably well controlled on oral theophylline and inhaled albuterol. Which of the following would be an appropriate change in the patient’s therapeutic regimen?
    • A. 

      To add inhaled dexamethasone

    • B. 

      To add oral zileuton

    • C. 

      To increase the dose of albuterol

    • D. 

      To decrease the dose of theophylline

    • E. 

      To add inhaled cromolyn sodium

  • 15. 
    A premature male newborn of 29 weeks gestational age developed 7 episodes of periodic breathing followed by bradycardia on the second day of life. The apnea episodes lasted 20 to 30 sec and required administration of oxygen. Three prolonged episodes required bag and mask ventilation. An IV drug administration was started. Which of the following drugs was most likely administered?
    • A. 

      Epinephrine

    • B. 

      Albuterol

    • C. 

      Theophylline

    • D. 

      Atropine

    • E. 

      Amphetamine

    • F. 

      Zafirlukast