All About Health Quiz

18 Questions | Total Attempts: 394

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All About Health Quiz

Having a healthy life not only guarantees we do not have frequent doctor visits but helps us to be happier and live longer. Medical practitioners are equipped with so much information on how someone can live healthily or get back to health. The quiz below is all about health and is perfect for testing how much you know of it. Give it a try!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Dr Hawley A 25-year-old-male is admitted to the hospital with a several-week history of worsening exertional dyspnea, productive cough and mild chest pain. He has very poor dental hygiene. He utilizes multiple intravenous drugs. Chest x-rays shows multiple opacities including one which appear to be an abscess with an air fluid interface. The patient has right sided endocarditis with a tricuspid vegetation. Cultures and appropriate antibiotics are ordered. Because of the poor dentition and drug use, what organism might be involved in the endocarditis?
    • A. 

      Streptococci

    • B. 

      Candida sp

    • C. 

      Enterococcus faecalis

    • D. 

      Pseudomonas

    • E. 

      Staphylococcus aureus

  • 2. 
    What organism is the most common cause of infectious endocarditis?
    • A. 

      Candida sp

    • B. 

      Enterococcus faecalis

    • C. 

      Pseudomonas

    • D. 

      Streptococci

    • E. 

      Staphylococcus aureus

  • 3. 
    Dr Butler   A 24-year-old male biology graduate student returned from a field trip to Central America with fever and headache followed 3 days later by a punctate red rash on his extremities. He reported seeing many fleas on his clothing and skin while hiking in the forests. His doctor suspected a rickettsial infection and treated him with doxycycline.   Which causative organism was most likely?
    • A. 

      Rickettsia rickettsii

    • B. 

      Rickettsia prowazeki

    • C. 

      Rickettsia typhi

    • D. 

      Orientia tsutsugamushi

    • E. 

      Anaplasma phagocytophilum

  • 4. 
    Dr Bateson A 66-year-old man suffering from atrial fibrillation was electrically cardioverted and discharged from the hospital. Quinidine was prescribed in order to maintain the normal sinus rhythm. The therapeutic effect of quinidine in this case is mainly mediated by blocking which of the following channels?
    • A. 

      Resting Na+ channels

    • B. 

      Inactivated Na+ channels

    • C. 

      Ligand-gated Ca++ channels

    • D. 

      Activated Na+ channels

    • E. 

      Ligand-gated K+ channels

  • 5. 
    Which of the following antihypertensive drugs can be used to treat hypertensive emergencies?
    • A. 

      Losartan

    • B. 

      Minoxidil

    • C. 

      Clonidine

    • D. 

      Hydrochlorothiazide

    • E. 

      Labetalol

  • 6. 
    A 46-year-old is diagnosed with periodic episodes of supraventricular tachycardia.  Which of the following is most appropriate for outpatient prophylactic treatment?
    • A. 

      Adenosine

    • B. 

      Verapamil

    • C. 

      Mexiletine

    • D. 

      Nifedipine

    • E. 

      Nitroglycerin

  • 7. 
    Which of the following renal actions are blocked by spironolactone?
    • A. 

      Na+/Cl- cotransport in the early distal tubule

    • B. 

      Water reabsorption in the descending limb of loop of Henle

    • C. 

      Sodium reabsorption in the proximal tubule

    • D. 

      Sodium reabsorption in the collecting tubule

    • E. 

      ADH receptors in the collecting tubule

  • 8. 
    Dr Charyk   Based on the information given, which of the following individuals has the most risk factors for the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease? A) A 50 year old female with chronic, progressively worsening cardiomyopathy, presumed viral in etiology, on multiple medications for management of heart failure B) A 60 year old male who exercises regularly, and has no history of any symptomatic medical problems. He has an elevated cholesterol level, and his BP is 146/86. He appears fit and lean and his BMI is 22. Patient’s mother had a myocardial infarction at age 60, C) A 40 year old male with past medical history of aortic coarctation surgically repaired in childhood, currently on medications for treatment of chronic dyspepsia and asthma. D) A 60 year old female with a BMI of 31, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and hypothyroidism E) A 70 year old male cigarette smoker who is noncompliant with recommended pharmacologic treatment for his hypertension, and also has prostate cancer metastatic to the lumbar spine.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 9. 
    Dr Nine   A 47-year-old woman comes to your office for a routine physical examination.  During your cardiac exam you notice a mid-systolic click with late systolic murmur at the left lower chest near the cardiac apex.  What is the pathologic change you would expect to see in the affected heart valve?
    • A. 

      Myxomatous degeneration of aortic valve

    • B. 

      Calcific stenosis of mitral valve

    • C. 

      Myxomatous degeneration of mitral valve

    • D. 

      Calcific stenosis of aortic valve

    • E. 

      Bicuspid aortic valve

  • 10. 
    A 56-year-old man experiences the sudden onset of "crushing substernal chest pain" with radiation of the pain to his left arm and neck area.  He makes it to the hospital but despite resuscitation attempts he dies within 4 hours of the onset of his symptoms.  Autopsy examination shows atherosclerotic narrowing and acute thrombotic occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery 0.5 cm from its origin at the left main artery.   What histologic changes would you expect to see in the anterior left ventricular myocardium?
    • A. 

      Dense neutrophil infiltration and myocyte necrosis

    • B. 

      Macrophage infiltration and parenchymal degeneration

    • C. 

      No histopathologic changes

    • D. 

      Fibroblast proliferation

    • E. 

      Dense fibrosis

  • 11. 
    A 78-year-old man with an 8-year history of hypertension is being evaluated for an abdominal aortic aneurysm, during which time it is discovered that his left kidney is much smaller than his right kidney.   What is the most likely explanation for his hypertension?
    • A. 

      Renal artery stenosis due to fibromuscular dysplasia

    • B. 

      Renal artery stenosis due to atherosclerosis

    • C. 

      Adrenal adenoma

    • D. 

      Conn syndrome

    • E. 

      Primary (essential) hypertension

  • 12. 
    A 60-year-old woman comes to your office complaining of unilateral headache and vision loss on the right side of her face and head.  Examination reveals nodular thickening of the right temporal artery.  What would you expect to see on biopsy of the temporal artery?
    • A. 

      Granulomatous inflammation with giant cells

    • B. 

      Granulomatous inflammation without giant cells

    • C. 

      Dense eosinophilic inflammation

    • D. 

      Normal arterial histology

    • E. 

      Mixed acute and chronic inflammation with preservation of elastic lamina

  • 13. 
    A 67-year-old man with a three year history of chronic ischemic heart disease due to atherosclerosis  and left ventricular infarcts presents with dyspnea and orthopnea.  What histopathologic changes would you expect to see in his lungs?
    • A. 

      Eosinophilic infiltration of bronchi and bronchioles

    • B. 

      Alveolar edema and brown-pigmented alveolar macrophages

    • C. 

      Interstitial lymphocytic infiltration

    • D. 

      Alveolar hemorrhage and hyaline membranes

    • E. 

      No histopathologic changes

  • 14. 
    A 24-year-old man presents with sudden onset of heart failure symptoms three days after he started to have symptoms of "the flu".  Laboratory studies show elevations of CK-MB and Troponin I, and total white blood cell count with increased percentage of lymphocytes.  What histopathologic changes would you expect to see in his heart?
    • A. 

      Dense neutrophil infiltration and myocyte necrosis

    • B. 

      Contraction band necrosis

    • C. 

      No histopathologic changes

    • D. 

      Focal Aschoff bodies with atypical multinucleated macrophages

    • E. 

      Lymphocyte infiltration and myocyte necrosis

  • 15. 
    Dr Rios A 55-year-old male is admitted to the hospital suffering an acute anterior myocardial infarction. During his hospitalization and on subsequent visits to his physician he demonstrates clinical signs of depression. His clinical depression:
    • A. 

      Will not influence his recovery

    • B. 

      Will be gone after he returns to work

    • C. 

      Has a significant impact on mortality

    • D. 

      Is caused only by the beta blocker therapy

    • E. 

      Is related to his ejection fraction

  • 16. 
    A 42-year-old lady has a cardiac murmur diagnostic of mitral regurgitation. In her case the murmur likely: (more than one answer)
    • A. 

      Begins with isovolumetric contraction

    • B. 

      Begins with ventricular ejection

    • C. 

      Becomes louder if afterload is decreased

    • D. 

      Is always accompanied by an ejection click

    • E. 

      Will always have the same intensity throughout systole

  • 17. 
    A 65-year-old male recovers from an anterior MI with no complications. An echocardiogram is obtained prior to discharge. What problem is the test is most likely to show?
    • A. 

      Ventricular rupture

    • B. 

      Constrictive pericarditis

    • C. 

      Increased ejection fraction

    • D. 

      Severe mitral regurgitation

    • E. 

      Ventricular dyskinesia

  • 18. 
    A 32-year-old male who has been diagnosed as having aortic stenosis secondary to a bicuspid aortic valve develops classical angina pectoris after running 1.5 miles on uphill terrain. He consults a physician who confirms the diagnosis and determines that on examination his BP is 140/60 mmHg, and the patient has a harsh systolic ejection murmur radiating to the neck accompanied by a diastolic murmur compatible with associated aortic regurgitation.   What is the mechanism for his chest pain is most likely to be?
    • A. 

      Supply/demand imbalance

    • B. 

      Undiagnosed coronary artery disease

    • C. 

      Abnormal diastolic blood pressure

    • D. 

      Increased ventricular compliance

    • E. 

      Low O2 saturation