Grow and reproduce
Breakdown food and produce waste
Respond to stimuli
Transport molecules through the cell
Identify other molecules or be recognized by other molecules
Maintain cell shape
An amino acid message
An mRNA message
The same amount of ATP as cells that undergo aerobic respiration
Amino acids are connected together in the order specified by the mRNA molecule.
Ribosomes link nucleic acids together in polypeptide chains.
Molecules are transported out of the cell.
The DNA code isread and encoded into a messenger RNA molecule.
Some patients have severe allergies to livestock insulin.
Some livestock insulin does not perform well in humans.
The price and availability of livestock insulin varies.
Livestock insulin may cause cowpox.
Transporting molecules throughout the cell.
Recognition of receptor proteins on other cells
Providing structure and energy storage within cells
All of the above
Different cell lines (CHO and HeLa cells, for example) are more suited to producing certain kinds of recombinant proteins.
Prokaryotic cells specialize in certain tasks and can therefore grow more rapidly than eukaryotic cells.
There is great cell variety in multicellular organisms in which different kinds ofcells have different jobs to do.
All of the above.
Ribosomes and glucose.
Mitochondria and chloroplasts.
Glucose and ATP.
Cytoplasm and plasma membrane.
Oxygen and nitrogen.
Hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.
Carbon and hydrogen.
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
The endoplasmic reticulum.
Tissues and organs
Chloroplasts and Mitochondria
Nucleic acids and aminoacids
Macromolecules and Proteins
Face each other.
Point away from each other.
Twist in a spiral.
Form the interior area of lipid bilayers.
They cause the DNA to degrade.
They are sticky and interfere with the purification process
They are easily removed with a simple centrifugation step.
They bind to the proteins and are removed during the protein purification step.
All of the above
The order of amino acids
The amino acid R-groups
The interaction between amino acids
The central carbon of each amino acid.