Biology EOC Review

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 804

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Biology EOC Review

Review quiz containing all the questions from the packets I am not sure I remember.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Fats

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Protiens

  • 2. 
    Which of the following types of molecules has the primary function of providing a rapidly available energy source for living things?
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Fats/Lipids

    • D. 

      Amino acids

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      A saturated lipid is made up only of carbon atoms.

    • B. 

      A saturated lipid contains the maximum number of hydrogen atoms.

    • C. 

      A saturated lipid is covalently bonded to a protein molecule.

    • D. 

      A saturated lipid is folded around and bonded to itself.

  • 4. 
    What determines the sequence and arrangement of amino acids in a protein?
    • A. 

      The number of available atoms in an organism.

    • B. 

      The number of hydrogen atoms in fatty acids.

    • C. 

      The ration of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms in carbohydrates.

    • D. 

      The information stored and translated by nucleic acids.

  • 5. 
    Which of these terms describes the ability of an organism to maintain a relatively constant internal temperature?
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Metabolism

    • C. 

      Homeostasis

    • D. 

      Passive transport

  • 6. 
    What type of cellular transport requires a cell to use energy?
    • A. 

      Facilitated diffusion

    • B. 

      Active transport

    • C. 

      Osmosis

    • D. 

      Movement of glucose along a concentration gradient

  • 7. 
    In which type of cellular transport do molecules bind to channel proteins in order to move across a selectively permeable membrane against a concentration gradient?
    • A. 

      Facilitated transport

    • B. 

      Active transport

    • C. 

      Diffusion

    • D. 

      Osmosis

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      The cell would swell because the water solution is hypotonic.

    • B. 

      The cell would swell because the water solution is hypertonic.

    • C. 

      The cell would shrivel because the water solution is hypotonic.

    • D. 

      The cell would shrivel because the water solution is hypertonic.

  • 9. 
    How are enzymes able to speed up biochemical reactions?
    • A. 

      They provide energy to the reactants.

    • B. 

      They absorb energy from the products.

    • C. 

      They lower the activation energy of the reaction.

    • D. 

      They increase the number of available reactant particles.

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Reactant atoms are destroyed and product atoms are formed.

    • B. 

      Bonds of reactants are broken and atoms are rearranged into products.

    • C. 

      Energy from the cell is converted into atoms of the products.

    • D. 

      Atoms of the reactants are combined to form larger and more massive atoms of the products.

  • 11. 
    What happens to a pair of molecules that collide with less than the activation energy?
    • A. 

      They repel each other without being changed.

    • B. 

      They react but at a slower rate than particles with more energy.

    • C. 

      They stick together until they absorb enough energy to react.

    • D. 

      They exchange atoms so that they lower the required activation energy.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a product of cellular respiration?
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Sunlight

  • 13. 
    What is the role of the Krebs cycle during aerobic respiration?
    • A. 

      To produce oxygen.

    • B. 

      To avoid the buildup of lactic acid.

    • C. 

      To give up free phosphates for the recombination of ATP.

    • D. 

      To continue the breakdown of sugars in the mitochondria.

  • 14. 
    What has to be removed from a donor egg cell during the cloning process?
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm

    • C. 

      Y chromosome

    • D. 

      X chromosome

  • 15. 
    What is a plasmid?
    • A. 

      A map of a gene.

    • B. 

      A cell that is not yet specialized.

    • C. 

      A small, circular piece of DNA.

    • D. 

      An enzyme that can cut DNA into pieces.

    • E. 

      Would you kindly?

  • 16. 
    What element upon which most modern organisms depend was missing from Earth's early atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Nitrogen

    • D. 

      Hydrogen

  • 17. 
    How did early bacteria in Earth's shallow seas contribute to the development of life on Earth?
    • A. 

      They released liquid water into the environment.

    • B. 

      They photosynthesized.

    • C. 

      They removed the ozone layer from the atmosphere.

    • D. 

      They forced light elements to rise to Earth's surface.

  • 18. 
    The eyes of an octopus are similar to human eyes but did not develop from a common ancestor. What type of structures do these similar eyes represent?
    • A. 

      Biogeographical structures

    • B. 

      Homologous structures

    • C. 

      Analogous structures

    • D. 

      Biochemical structures.

  • 19. 
    Some species of snakes have leg bones before birth but lose them before they are born. What is the name for this type of evidence of evolution?
    • A. 

      Comparative anatomy

    • B. 

      DNA fingerprints

    • C. 

      Embryology

    • D. 

      Biogeography

  • 20. 
    Which condition is required for stabilizing direction to occur?
    • A. 

      The population must be very small.

    • B. 

      The environment must remain unchanged.

    • C. 

      The organisms must be genetically identical.

    • D. 

      Two conditions for each trait must be favored.

  • 21. 
    How do annelid worms, such as earthworms, move?
    • A. 

      They push out pseudopods and then pull themselves towards them.

    • B. 

      They roll from side to side and move their heads to turn.

    • C. 

      They alternately contract muscles that run down and across their bodies.

    • D. 

      The dig their tails into the soil and use them to propel their bodies forward.

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Invertebrates have heads and tails.

    • B. 

      Invertebrates do not have backbones.

    • C. 

      Invertebrates do not have true hearts.

    • D. 

      Invertebrates live in soil or sand.

  • 23. 
    What is one way that leeches differ from oligochaetes?
    • A. 

      Leeches are parasites.

    • B. 

      Leeches have structures that look like paddles.

    • C. 

      Leeches live in soil or sand.

    • D. 

      Leeches excrete castings.

  • 24. 
    In which environment would you expect to find polychaetes?
    • A. 

      Trees

    • B. 

      Swimming pool

    • C. 

      Garden

    • D. 

      Ocean

  • 25. 
    How many chambers are in the heart of an adult frog?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Toad

    • B. 

      Salamander

    • C. 

      Caecilian

    • D. 

      Leech

  • 27. 
    What is the primary role of vascular tissue in plants?
    • A. 

      To carry sperm cells to egg cells.

    • B. 

      To produce pollen.

    • C. 

      To transport materials throughout the plant.

    • D. 

      To protect seeds during dispersal.

  • 28. 
    How do gymnosperms differ from angiosperms?
    • A. 

      Gymnosperms are male plants, and angiosperms are female plants.

    • B. 

      Gymnosperms produce flowers, and angiosperms produce cones.

    • C. 

      Gymnosperms have vascular tissue, whereas angiosperms do not.

    • D. 

      Gymnosperms do not produce flowers and enclosed seeds.

  • 29. 
    What is the function of flowers int he angiosperms?
    • A. 

      They serve as reproductive structures.

    • B. 

      They carry food to needle-like leaves.

    • C. 

      They conduct photosynthesis.

    • D. 

      They produce fruits to protect seeds.

  • 30. 
    How do fruits improve the success with which seeds are dispersed?
    • A. 

      They store egg cells until they are fertilized.

    • B. 

      They provide sites on which pollen can land and stick.

    • C. 

      They conserve water in the tissues of plants.

    • D. 

      They attract animals that eat the fruits and release the seeds.