Biology 1-5 Quiz

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 48

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

This is a biology quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The atomic number of an atom is
    • A. 

      The number of protons in the atom

    • B. 

      The number of electrons in the atom

    • C. 

      The number of neutrons in the atom

    • D. 

      The number of ions in the atom

    • E. 

      The number of isotopes in the atom

  • 2. 
    The formation of systems typically results in the appearance of novel characteristics called
    • A. 

      Emergent properties

    • B. 

      Polyphasic taxonomic domains

    • C. 

      Disengaged traits

    • D. 

      Reoccurring phenomena

    • E. 

      None of the choices are correct

  • 3. 
    The tree in your backyard is home to two cardinals, a colony of ants, a wasp's nest, two squirrels, and millions of bacteria.  Together, all of these organisms represent
    • A. 

      A species

    • B. 

      A community

    • C. 

      A population

    • D. 

      An ecosystem

    • E. 

      The biosphere

  • 4. 
    Life is organized in hierarchical fashion.  Which one of the following sequences illustrates that hierarchy as it increases in complexity?
    • A. 

      Ecosystem, population, organ system, cell, community, molecule, organ, organism, tissue

    • B. 

      Cell, molecule, organ system, organ, population, tissue, organism, ecosystem, community

    • C. 

      Organism, organ system, tissue, population, organ, community, cell, ecosystem, molecule

    • D. 

      Molecule, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, population, community, ecosystem

    • E. 

      Ecosystem, molecule, cell, tissue, organism, organ system, organ, community

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is/are properties of life?
    • A. 

      A complex organization

    • B. 

      The ability to take in energy and use it

    • C. 

      The ability to respond to stimuli from the environment

    • D. 

      The ability to reproduce

    • E. 

      All of the choices are correct

  • 6. 
    You notice that over the past month, many students have started wearing a new style of school sweatshirt.  You think to yourself, maybe the bookstore recently started selling this new sweatshirt style.  This prediction is
    • A. 

      An example of an experimental question

    • B. 

      A type of observation

    • C. 

      An example of a hypothesis

    • D. 

      An experiment

    • E. 

      A type of control

  • 7. 
    Organisms belonging to the Kingdom Plantae
    • A. 

      Are photosynthetic

    • B. 

      Contain cells that are surrounded by cell walls

    • C. 

      Are all unicellular

    • D. 

      Lack a nucleus

    • E. 

      Are photosynthetic and contain cells that are surrounded by cell walls

  • 8. 
    The teeth of grain-eating animals(such as horses) are usually broad and ridged.  This makes them suitable for grinding and chewing.  Meat-eating animals(such as lions) have pointed teeth that are good for puncturing and ripping flesh.  This illustrates 
    • A. 

      A result of natural selection

    • B. 

      The connection between form and function

    • C. 

      A food web

    • D. 

      That natural selection is not necessary in animals

    • E. 

      A result of natural selection and the connection between form and function

  • 9. 
    What is the difference between a tissue and an organ system?
    • A. 

      The tissue level of organization is more inclusive than the organ system level.

    • B. 

      Tissues are not composed of cells; organ systems are composed of cells.

    • C. 

      A tissue cannot exist unless it is a component of an organ system, whereas an organ system can exist independently of tissues.

    • D. 

      An organ system includes tissues.

    • E. 

      Tissues are not considered to be living; organ systems are considered to be living.

  • 10. 
    The four most common elements in living organisms are
    • A. 

      C, H, O, Fe.

    • B. 

      C, H, O, Na.

    • C. 

      C, H, O, N.

    • D. 

      C, N, O, Na.

    • E. 

      Fe, N, O, Ca.

  • 11. 
    Electrons move about the nucleus of an atom in the same way that
    • A. 

      Insects fly around a bright lamp at night

    • B. 

      Cars are parked along the sides of a street

    • C. 

      Boats cross a lake

    • D. 

      People pass each other along a sidewalk

    • E. 

      Birds migrate to a new winter home

  • 12. 
    A(n)                         forms when two atoms share electrons.
    • A. 

      Ion

    • B. 

      Element

    • C. 

      Covalent bond

    • D. 

      Ionic bond

    • E. 

      Hydrogen bond

  • 13. 
    The hydrogen atoms of a water molecule are bonded to the oxygen atom by               bonds, whereas neighboring water molecules are held together by                        bonds.
    • A. 

      Hydrogen...ionic

    • B. 

      Hydrogen...polar covalent

    • C. 

      Polar covalent...hydrogen

    • D. 

      Ionic...covalent

    • E. 

      Polar covalent...ionic

  • 14. 
    After turning the water off at the end of a shower, water still clings to your body because of
    • A. 

      Water's versatility as a solvent

    • B. 

      Cohesion

    • C. 

      Adhesion

    • D. 

      Evaporative cooling

    • E. 

      All of the choices are correct

  • 15. 
    A solution with a pH of 7 is 
    • A. 

      Strongly acidic

    • B. 

      Weakly acidic

    • C. 

      Neutral

    • D. 

      Weakly basic

    • E. 

      Strongly basic

  • 16. 
    Water's surface tension and heat storage capacity is accounted for by its 
    • A. 

      Orbitals

    • B. 

      Weight

    • C. 

      Hydrogen bonds

    • D. 

      Mass

    • E. 

      Size

  • 17. 
    The ultimate source of energy flowing into nearly all ecosystems is 
    • A. 

      Wind

    • B. 

      Sunlight

    • C. 

      Electricity

    • D. 

      Geothermal vents

    • E. 

      Radioactivity

  • 18. 
    The ability of water molecules to form hydrogen bonds with other water molecules is critical to
    • A. 

      Evaporative cooling of skin surfaces

    • B. 

      The movement of water from the roots of a tree to its leaves

    • C. 

      The milder temperatures of coastal regions compared to inland areas

    • D. 

      The ability of certain insects to walk on the surface of water

    • E. 

      All of these factors

  • 19. 
    Carbon is able to form an immense diversity of organic molecules because of carbon's 
    • A. 

      Tendency to form covalent bonds

    • B. 

      Ability to bond with up to four other atoms

    • C. 

      Capacity to form single and double bonds

    • D. 

      Ability to bond together to form extensive, branched, or unbranched "carbon skeletons"

    • E. 

      All of the choices are correct

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Cells typically make all of their macromolecules from a set of 40-50 common monomers and a few other ingredients that are rare

    • B. 

      The monomers used to make polymers are essentially universal

    • C. 

      Monomers serve as building blocks for polymers

    • D. 

      DNA is built from just four kinds of monomers

    • E. 

      Monomers are joined together by the process of hydrolysis

  • 21. 
    The molecular formula of most monosaccharides represents a multiple of
    • A. 

      CH₃O

    • B. 

      CH₂O

    • C. 

      CHO

    • D. 

      CHO₂

    • E. 

      CHO₃

  • 22. 
    Many names for sugars end in the suffix
    • A. 

      -acid

    • B. 

      -ose

    • C. 

      -hyde

    • D. 

      -ase

    • E. 

      -ing

  • 23. 
    A disaccharide forms when
    • A. 

      Two monosaccharides join by dehydration synthesis

    • B. 

      Two starches join by dehydration synthesis

    • C. 

      Two monosaccharides join by hydrolysis

    • D. 

      Two starches join by hydrolysis

    • E. 

      A starch and a monosaccharide join by dehydration synthesis

  • 24. 
    Cellulose differs from starch in that
    • A. 

      The monomers of cellulose are held together by covalent bonds, whereas the monomers of starch are held together by hydrogen bonds

    • B. 

      Glycogen is formed by plants and cellulose by animals

    • C. 

      Most animals cannot break down cellulose, whereas starch is easily digested

    • D. 

      Starch is made of glucose monomers, whereas cellulose is made of fructose monomers

    • E. 

      All of the choices are correct

  • 25. 
    One way to convert an oil into a substance that is solid at room temperature is to
    • A. 

      Add hydrogens, decreasing the number of double bonds in the molecules

    • B. 

      Remove water, causing a dehydration synthesis reaction to occur

    • C. 

      Remove hydrogens, increasing the number of double bonds

    • D. 

      Put it in the refrigerator: when unsaturated fats cool, double bonds form and the fats solidify

    • E. 

      Add water and shake vigorously

  • 26. 
    A major type of lipid found in cell membranes is
    • A. 

      Cellulose

    • B. 

      Triglycerides

    • C. 

      Phospholipids

    • D. 

      Glycerol

    • E. 

      Waxes

  • 27. 
    Which one of the following statements is false? Enzymes
    • A. 

      Increase the rate of chemical reactions

    • B. 

      Function as chemical catalysts

    • C. 

      Regulate virtually all chemical reactions in a cell

    • D. 

      Are produced by cells

    • E. 

      Are momomers used to build proteins

  • 28. 
    Which one of the following is not a type of protein?
    • A. 

      Contractile proteins

    • B. 

      Antibodies

    • C. 

      Enzymes

    • D. 

      Signal proteins

    • E. 

      All of these are types of proteins

  • 29. 
    Proteins differ from one another because
    • A. 

      The peptide bonds linking amino acids differ from protein to protein

    • B. 

      The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain differs from protein to protein

    • C. 

      Each protein contains its own unique sequence of sugar molecules

    • D. 

      The number of nucleotides found in each protein varies from molecule to molecule

    • E. 

      The number of nitrogen atoms in each amino acid varies

  • 30. 
    Which of the following statements is true about electron microscopes?
    • A. 

      Electron beams are focused to create a magnified image of an object.

    • B. 

      Scanning electron microscopes are used to study the details of internal cell structure.

    • C. 

      Electron microscopes use glass lenses to focus and magnify the image

    • D. 

      Transmission electron microscopes are mainly used to study cell surfaces

    • E. 

      Specimens must be sectioned to be viewed under a scanning electron microscope.

  • 31. 
    The idea that all living things are composed of cells and that all cells come from other cells defines:
    • A. 

      Central dogma

    • B. 

      The laws of inheritance

    • C. 

      Organelle theory

    • D. 

      Cell theory

    • E. 

      Inheritance of acquired characteristics

  • 32. 
    Which one of the following cells would have the greatest surface-to-volume ratio?
    • A. 

      Bacterium

    • B. 

      Human red blood cell

    • C. 

      Human muscle cell

    • D. 

      Frog egg

    • E. 

      Ostrich egg

  • 33. 
    Your throat is dry, and you want the last cough drop in the box to last a long time in your mouth. What should you do?
    • A. 

      Break the cough drop into little pieces and put them all in your mouth. Since each little piece must be dissolved separately, the drop will last longer.

    • B. 

      Keep the cough drop whole. This maintains the largest surface-to-volume ratio, and slows the dissolution of the cough drop.

    • C. 

      Break the cough drop into little pieces and put them all in your mouth. This decreases the surface-to-volume ratio, and slows down the dissolution of the cough drop.

    • D. 

      It doesn't matter if the cough drop is in one piece or many pieces; the total amount of cough drop is all that matters

    • E. 

      Break the cough drop into little pieces, put them in your mouth and drink plenty of water.

  • 34. 
    • A. 

      A membrane-bound nucleus

    • B. 

      Pili

    • C. 

      A cell wall

    • D. 

      A capsule

    • E. 

      Ribosomes

  • 35. 
    You are told that the cells on a microscope slide are plant, animal, or bacterial.  You look at them through a microscope and see cell walls and membrane-bound organelles.  You conclude that the cells 
    • A. 

      Are plant cells

    • B. 

      Are animal cells

    • C. 

      Are bacteria

    • D. 

      Could be either plant or bacterial

    • E. 

      Could be plant, animal, or bacterial

  • 36. 
    Unlike animal cells, plants have                   and                    .  Unlike plant cells, animal cells have                   .
    • A. 

      Chloroplasts...cell walls...centrioles

    • B. 

      Centrioles...chloroplasts...cell walls

    • C. 

      Chloroplasts...cell walls...cell membranes

    • D. 

      Chloroplasts...cell walls...a nucleus

    • E. 

      Centrioles...cell walls...large central vacuoles

  • 37. 
    The membranous compartmentalization of a cell
    • A. 

      Divides the cell into two equal-sized halves

    • B. 

      Allows different metabolic processes to occur simultaneously

    • C. 

      Requires the presence of a cell wall

    • D. 

      Requires the presence of a large central vacuole

    • E. 

      Is common in prokaryotes and eukaryotes

  • 38. 
    Which one of the following statements about cellular metabolism is false?  Cellular metabolism
    • A. 

      Includes different processes that require different conditions

    • B. 

      Can occur within organelles

    • C. 

      Can involve the synthesis of steroid hormones

    • D. 

      Occurs in animal but not plant cells

    • E. 

      Often occurs on the surfaces of internal membranes

  • 39. 
    In eukaryotic cells, internal membranes
    • A. 

      Greatly increase a cell's total membrane area

    • B. 

      Provide additional area where many metabolic processes occur

    • C. 

      Form membraneous compartments called organelles

    • D. 

      Contain proteins essential for metabolic processes

    • E. 

      All of the choices are correct

  • 40. 
    The nucleus of a cell
    • A. 

      Is surrounded by a single layer of membrane

    • B. 

      Is contained within the nucleolus

    • C. 

      Is the region of the cell where ribosomes are degraded

    • D. 

      Contains DNA

    • E. 

      Both is contained in the nucleolus and contains DNA