They consume and assimilate nutrients.
They synthesize energy from simple fuels.
They recycle most of the raw materials assimilated or metabolized.
They make energy in the process of maintaining infrastructure and reproduction.
By absorbing them through roots
By absorbing them through leaves
None of the above
Calcium, Iron, and Lead
Arsenic, Calcium, and Iron
Iodine, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen
Nitrogen, Carbon, and Phosphorus
Acids are aqueous solutions with a high concentration of H+
Acids are aqueous solutions with a high concentration of OH-
Bases consume acids
CO2 is inorganic since it is so important to living things
Ionic bonds between water molecules
Cohesion of water to glass
Crystal structure of water at 37 degrees C
Polarity of water and its ability to form hydrogen bonds
Bacteria, with their non-membrane bound cellular structure, are eukaryotes.
Bacteria do not have membrane-bound organelles
Some eukaryotes are autotrophs.
Most eukaryotes have both mitochondria and chloroplasts.
Ribosomes read cell DNA and copy that to amino acid sequences.
Ribosomes read the endoplasmic reticulum instructions and copy that to amino acid sequences.
Ribosomes translate DNA transcripts into amino acid sequences.
Ribosomes break down genetic code and use the products to synthesize amino acids.
Evolution occurs by natural selection on Earth.
Cells are the basic structural and function units of all living things on Earth.
Populations are the basic evolving units of life on Earth.
A population will survive if the conditions of its environment change.
The Earth is an ecologically "closed system" with photons and heat is the main inputs and outputs.
Energy can not be converted from one form to another.
Energy is created from scratch.
The Earth has many inputs of global bio-energy.
Insulin or one of its intermediates acts as a competitive or non-competitive inhibitor in pancreas cells.
Insulin or one of its intermediates acts as a positive feedback on the pancreas
Your brain tells the pancreas to stop
All of the above
The body is programmed to speed up under stressful situations.
The body produces excess insulin and slows him down.
The body is programmed to not give up stored fat when it is stressed. In fact, it is programmed to store more if it can.
The body produces excess adrenalin, which slows him down.
Oxidize glucose to two molecules of pyruvate
Release the maximum amount of ATP
Net some ATP and the energy carrier NADPH
A and C are both important purposes.
NADPH and FADH2
The H+ gradient (chemiosmosis) reaches equilibrium.
NAD+ and FAD have returned to earlier steps of cellular respiration.
ATP becomes water and you run out of energy.
Water blocks the electron transport t chain.
36 to 38
120 to 246
32 to 34
None of the above
Cyanobacteria (photosynthetic bacteria)
A green algae
An oak tree leaf cell
Run the light-dependent and light-independent reactions at the same time, or at different times.
Modify light-dependent reactions to operate at night.
Use protein instead of carbohydrate as a fuel source.
Modify light-dependent reactions to rely on oxygen instead of carbon dioxide.
Water conservation and may use CO2 storage as C4 acid.
Tactics that loose excess water to the dry air
The taking in of excess carbon dioxide during the hottest parts of the day
Their collaboration resulted in a revolution in Biology and in society.
They read each others work and gained valuable knowledge.
It resulted in a co-authored work on Inheritance and Natural Selection.
Their collaboration never happened, so many years passed until the connection between inheritance and adaptation was made.
They are species derived by natural selection.
They are species derived by applying DNA technology.
They share no common organelles or any other structure; they have nothing in common.
They both include varieties (breeds) resulting from intensive artificial selection.
Duplication and propagation
Package DNA so it can be distributed to new cells.
Distribute organelles into new cells.
Lose genetic diversity
Always maintain the diploid state.
To re-attach the leading and lagging strands after replication.
To unwind the leading and lagging strands at the beginning of replication.
To re-attach the phosphate sugar bonds after replication.
To unwind the phosphate sugar bonds at the beginning of replication.