Carbon readily makes four stable bonds, in single, double or triple configurations.
Carbon is a very dense & heavy element, giving living things stability.
Carbon is the least electronegative non-metal
Carbon has a high affinity for Oxygen & Hydrogen, which make bonds easily with C
Oxygen has six outer valence electrons, and makes up to 2 bonds
Oxygen is highly electronegative; it is an 'electron hog', sharing them unevenly
The uneven sharing of electrons results in Oxygen forming polar covalent bonds
The presence of oxygen in Carbohydrates makes them highly insoluble in water
Provide energy, either immediate or long-term (storage)
Provide structure, support, strength in certain organisms
Formation of muscle tissues & bone in vertebrate bodies
Osmoregulation - moderating fluid balance in living organisms
All of them
Only two of them
Monosaccharide - it's Glucose
Monosaccharide - it's Fructose
Disaccharide - it's Maltose
Disaccharide - it's Sucrose
It will bond with Fatty Acids to make a triglyceride lipid
It supports the quaternary structure of proteins
It provides the body with a raw material for producing steroid hormones
Polar Covalent Bond
Things that help us recognize what type of molecule we are looking at
Groups of atoms that have a variety of different bonds
A cluster of atoms found only in proteins
A predictable, consistent arrangement of atoms that confer specific properties to a molecule
They are the major component of cell walls
They have both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions, so they're amphoteric
They are highly soluble in water.
They are an excellent source of phosphate in our diet.