Bio Midterm Review

47 Questions
Bio Midterm Review

This is a test to help study for honors biology mid-term. I've taken information from my review sheet and put it into a way to study that'll give you results and will eventually tell you what you have to work on. There will be a a slightly different test every time because questions will be in a random order each time. Does not include Chapter 7, 8 or 11 in the book/found on the review sheet. BIOLOGY

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
  • 2. 
    What are the levels of organization, in order from largest (most complex) to smallest (simplest)?
    • A. 

      Cell, Group of Cells, Organism, Population, Community, Ecosystem, Biosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere, Ecosystem, Population, Community, Organism, Group of Cells, Cell

    • C. 

      Ecosystem, Biosphere, Population, Community, Organism, Group of Cells, Cell

    • D. 

      Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism, Group of Cells, Cell

    • E. 

      Cell, Group of Cells, Organism, Community, Population, Biosphere, Ecosystem

  • 3. 
    Which age structure diagram is an example of a developed country? A B
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      Both

  • 4. 
    This is an example of logistic growth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The graph below is an example of ______________ growth. Contrary to the growth where the data reaches carrying capacity. 
  • 6. 
    All the parts of the planet that are inhabited by living things are called the...
    • A. 

      Biosphere

    • B. 

      Atmosphere

    • C. 

      Ecosystem

    • D. 

      Population

  • 7. 
    Cells without nuclei are called
    • A. 

      Prokaryotic

    • B. 

      Eukaryotic

    • C. 

      Unicellular

    • D. 

      Example: Bacteria

    • E. 

      Multicellular

    • F. 

      Example: Fungi

  • 8. 
    The specialized wings of a bird are an example of the ____________________ theme of biology.
  • 9. 
    Not every organism is made of cells, but every cell is in an organism.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The four elements that make up about 96 percent of the living matter in the human body are
    • A. 

      Carbon, hydrogen, calcium, and phosphorus.

    • B. 

      Carbon, hydrogen, calcium, and oxygen.

    • C. 

      Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.

    • D. 

      Calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and sulfur

    • E. 

      Oxygen, potassium, hydrogen, and carbon

  • 11. 
    Trace elements make up less than .01% of your body mass.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Ionic bonds and covalent bonds ares similar due to the fact that
    • A. 

      They both result in ions

    • B. 

      Each is the result of uneven electric charge

    • C. 

      They both can hold atoms in compounds together

    • D. 

      They both result in molecules

    • E. 

      They both involve the sharing of electron

  • 13. 
    The attraction of opposite electrical charges plays a role in
    • A. 

      Isotopes

    • B. 

      Ionic Bonds

    • C. 

      Covalent Bonds

  • 14. 
    Atoms within molecules are bound to each other by
    • A. 

      Hydrogen Bonds

    • B. 

      Covalent Bonds

    • C. 

      Ionic Bonds

    • D. 

      Compounds

  • 15. 
    The  diagram below is an example of
    • A. 

      Ionic Bonding

    • B. 

      Covalent Bonding

    • C. 

      All Chemical Bonding

  • 16. 
    The diagram below is an example of ionic bonding.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    A and B are
    • A. 

      Protons

    • B. 

      Electrons

    • C. 

      Protons and Electrons

    • D. 

      Electrons and Neutrons

    • E. 

      Neutrons

    • F. 

      Protons and Neutrons

    • G. 

      All of the Above

  • 18. 
    Which is an of an organic compound?REMINDER: An organic compound was at one time or still is a living compound.
    • A. 

      H2O

    • B. 

      NH3

    • C. 

      O2

    • D. 

      NaCO3

    • E. 

      CH4

  • 19. 
  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Adding a water molecule to break down a polymer

    • B. 

      Taking away a water molecule to break down a polymer

    • C. 

      Taking away a water molecule to build a polymer

    • D. 

      Adding a water molecule to split a polymer into a monomer

    • E. 

      When your system has too much water to handle and you "drown" yourself

  • 21. 
    Hydrophilic is
    • A. 

      Water hating

    • B. 

      Water loving

    • C. 

      Polar

    • D. 

      B and c (polar and water loving)

  • 22. 
    How can you tell that a fat is unsaturated?
    • A. 

      When there is a double bond and no kink in the fatty acid chain

    • B. 

      When there is not a double bond or a kink in the fatty acid chain

    • C. 

      When there is a double bond and a kink in the fatty acid chain

    • D. 

      When there are no carbon molecules in the lipid

    • E. 

      When there 5 fatty acid chains rather than three

  • 23. 
    What are the types of Nucliec Acids?
    • A. 

      RNA, DNA, sRNA, tRNA, mRNA, rRNA

    • B. 

      RNA and DNA

    • C. 

      SRNA, tRNA, mRNA, rRNA

    • D. 

      DNA

    • E. 

      RNA

  • 24. 
    Enzymes...
    • A. 

      Help break down foods

    • B. 

      Facilitate almost everything in the body

    • C. 

      Help in the digestive system

    • D. 

      Are found plentiful in the small intestine

    • E. 

      All of the Above

    • F. 

      None of the Above

  • 25. 
    What is shown below is called  _________________.DNA--(transcription)----->RNA---(translation)---->Protein
    • A. 

      Denaturation

    • B. 

      Hydrophobic

    • C. 

      A Carbohydrate

    • D. 

      The Central Dogma

    • E. 

      Stoichiometry

  • 26. 
    What happens in denaturation?
    • A. 

      A protein loses its shape due to temperature fluctuation.

    • B. 

      A protein is built.

    • C. 

      A molecule of water is taken away to build a polymer.

    • D. 

      A water molecule is added to break down a polymer into a monomer.

  • 27. 
    Carbohydrates...
    • A. 

      Are Macromolecules

    • B. 

      Provide the Body with fuel

    • C. 

      Are Ring Structures

    • D. 

      Have a 1-2-1 ratio

    • E. 

      All of the Above

    • F. 

      A and B only

    • G. 

      A, B and D only

  • 28. 
    Proteins are
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Made up of Amino Acids (building Blocks)

    • C. 

      Made up of little Oxygen and Heavy Carbon and Hydrogen

    • D. 

      Made up of C H O and N

    • E. 

      Give structure to hair and nails

    • F. 

      Only #1, 2, 4, 5

    • G. 

      All of the Above

    • H. 

      Only Number 3

  • 29. 
    This is a
    • A. 

      Lipid

    • B. 

      Carbohydrate

    • C. 

      Nucleic Acid

    • D. 

      Unsaturated Fat

    • E. 

      #1 and #4

  • 30. 
    Glucose is stored as ___________ in the liver.
  • 31. 
    Where is amylase found?
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Small intestine and Mouth

    • C. 

      Mouth

    • D. 

      Large Intestine and mouth

  • 32. 
    What magnification(s) are related to the light microscope?
    • A. 

      40x, 100x, 400x

    • B. 

      1x, 10x, 100x

    • C. 

      1000x

    • D. 

      2000x

    • E. 

      Hundreds of thousands of times

    • F. 

      2x, 20x, 200x

  • 33. 
    What macromolecule does the cellular membrane have?
    • A. 

      Carbs

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Nucleic Acids

  • 34. 
    What does this diagram represent?
    • A. 

      Exocytosis

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Endocytosis

    • D. 

      Osmosis

  • 35. 
    Animal cells do not have a cell wall make it more of a circular shape than a rectangular shape.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    A solution with a higher concentration of solute is
    • A. 

      Hypotonic

    • B. 

      Isotonic

    • C. 

      Hydrophobic

    • D. 

      Hydrophilic

    • E. 

      Hypertonic

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      Water molecules inside a container.

    • B. 

      Water molecules across a membrane from an area of low concentration of water to an area of higher concentration.

    • C. 

      Water from an area of high solute concentration to an area of lower concentration.

    • D. 

      Water from an area of low concentration of solute to an area of higher concentration of solute.

  • 38. 
    This is the cell membrane, what is the ovular (oval shaped) purple things that are coming out of the gray and have smaller purple things connected underneath them?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate

    • B. 

      Phospholipid Bilayer

    • C. 

      Glycoprotein

    • D. 

      Integral Protein

    • E. 

      Peripheral Protein

    • F. 

      Cholesterol

  • 39. 
    What are the nitrogenous bases of DNA?
    • A. 

      MRNA, tRNA and rRNA

    • B. 

      Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, and Cytosine

    • C. 

      Sugar and Phosphate

    • D. 

      Hydrogen bonds

  • 40. 
    Why can't certain things pass through a cell membrane? (Why is it selectively permeable)Think of the phospholipid bilayer while answering.
    • A. 

      Because heads are polar so they can not pass through the membrane

    • B. 

      Heads are non-polar so they cannot pass though the membrane

    • C. 

      Hydrophilic molecules cannot pass through, membrane rejects these

    • D. 

      Some molecules are too large to be able to pass through without facilitated diffusion

    • E. 

      A and D

    • F. 

      B and C

  • 41. 
    A(n) _________________ is an organism that produces it's own food.
  • 42. 
    A consumer is also a heterotroph, which is like a human.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    What are the 3 magnifications of a light microscope? In order from lowest magnification to highest quality..
    • A. 

      Scanning, Low Power, High Power

    • B. 

      Low Power, Scanning, High Power

    • C. 

      High Power, Low Power, Scanning

  • 44. 
  • 45. 
    What is unique about the phospholipid bilayer?
    • A. 

      The phospholipids are nonpolar and hydrophobic making the membrane able to filter

    • B. 

      The phospholipids have hydrophilic heads and hydrophobic tails making the membrane able to select what to filter

    • C. 

      The phospholipids have hydrophobic heads and hydrophilic tails making the membrane able to select what to filter

    • D. 

      None of the Above

  • 46. 
    • A. 

      Allow substances to cross membranes with help from transport proteins

    • B. 

      Uses proteins in the membrane to guide polar molecules and ions in an out of the membrane

    • C. 

      Does not require energy

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and B

  • 47. 
    Active transport does not require energy. But passive transport does.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False