Bentley Ch. 27 Test (Islamic Empires)

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 1027

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Islam Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Reliance on a central, dominant military leader

    • B. 

      Military tactics dependent upon cavalry and siege

    • C. 

      Independent division of territories as a solution to succession

    • D. 

      Lack of a clearly designated successor to the imperial throne

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      European attempts to build alliances with Islamic partners

    • B. 

      Deeply conservative cultural considerations that led to rejection of innovation

    • C. 

      Failure of agriculture and trade to keep up with the financial demands of administration

    • D. 

      Refusal to improve upon European technology in armaments

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      The goals and objectives of their founders, Babur and Osman

    • B. 

      In both governments, power was shared by religious and secular leaders

    • C. 

      Rulers were expected to be capable of military command

    • D. 

      Dependence on troops from conquered regions of the empire

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Increased dependence on American crops as dietary staples

    • B. 

      The incidence of disease declined as nutrition increased

    • C. 

      The infant mortality rate declined due to increased sanitation

    • D. 

      Rulers' concern for the public welfare increased medical facilities

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Geographic position put the Ottomans and Safavids at the crossroads of global trade

    • B. 

      The Ottoman and Safavid governments actively sought to dominate world trade

    • C. 

      European countries preferred to trade with the Ottomans and Safavids

    • D. 

      The Mughals depended on their huge manufacturing capacity rather than trade

  • 6. 
    To what can one attribute the vast expansion and continued control of Ottoman territories into southern Europe and northern Africa?
    • A. 

      They were following the footsteps of earlier Arab conquerors so the territories adopted easily to the Islamic rule of the Ottomans

    • B. 

      The Ottomans combined a strong military presence with an eye to accommodation of local religious traditions

    • C. 

      The Ottomans inherited the Byzantine lands as well as their effective governmental apparatus that enabled the easy incorporation of new lands into the empire

    • D. 

      The conquered lands were in the position to negotiate extended legal and political rights despite the dominance of the Ottoman military

  • 7. 
    What role did religious tolerance play in the Mughal empire?
    • A. 

      Early rulers showed little interest in conversion but later rulers became so focused on it that they persecuted other religions.

    • B. 

      Early leaders considered their military role as one of the GHAZI or spiritual warriors so they pushed strongly for conversion

    • C. 

      Since Islam had been promoted in India by the Sultanate of Delhi, Mughal leaders were content to allow its continued slow spread

    • D. 

      The Mughal persecution of Buddhists and Hindus in the early era was a constant irritant to the dominant population of Hindus

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      While later Mughal rulers chose to convert Hindus to Islam, the Ottomans did not convert any conquered peoples to Islam

    • B. 

      Ottoman political power depended upon the personal qualities of the ruler while Mughal power rested with the military

    • C. 

      The Ottoman conquerors maintained that they were the epitome of hte spiritual warrior while the Mughal conquerors made no claims to religious motives

    • D. 

      The Mughals rarely allowed women to influence their decisions while the Ottoman emperors regularly consulted with influential women in their harem

  • 9. 
    When comparing the Ottoman empire to the imperial achievements of China, which of the following is the best statement?
    • A. 

      The Ottoman imperial household resembled the imperial households of most Chinese emperors with its intention to meet the administrative and personal goals of the emperor

    • B. 

      The Ottoman emperor ruled solely from a position of military power and prestige while the Ming emperors ruled from a position of divine right

    • C. 

      The Ottoman use of a strong standing army approximates the armies of post Han dynasties as they expanded into other regions of central Asia

    • D. 

      The Ottoman empire in its early years closely resembled the drive and achievements of most Chinese dynasties

  • 10. 
    The Muslim resistance to new ideas and technologies by the eighteenth century is illustrated by the
    • A. 

      Ottoman ban on the printing press

    • B. 

      Reluctance of Muslims to travel abroad

    • C. 

      Banning of "impious" telescopes

    • D. 

      All of these answers are correct

  • 11. 
    Major trade commodities sought by European merchants from the Islamic empires included
    • A. 

      Coffee and tobacco

    • B. 

      Sugar and rum

    • C. 

      Silks, carpets, and other crafts

    • D. 

      Wheat, rice, and other food staples

  • 12. 
    Politically, all three of the Islamic states began as
    • A. 

      Oligarchies

    • B. 

      Constitutional monarchies

    • C. 

      Military states

    • D. 

      Tribal councils

  • 13. 
    Shah Abbas revitalized the Safavid regime by all of the following means EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Forging alliances with the Ottomans against Europeans

    • B. 

      Expelling the Portuguese from Hormuz

    • C. 

      Increasing the use of gunpowder weapons

    • D. 

      Promoting trade to other lands