African American: History Of Slavery In The United States! Trivia Facts Quiz

13 Questions

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African American: History Of Slavery In The United States! Trivia Facts Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A key difference between the indigenous peoples of North America and those of South America was
    • A. 

      The Indians of North America welcomed the Europeans as fellow farmers, rather than perceiving them as military enemies

    • B. 

      The Indians of North America were farmers and hunters who frequently moved their villages, rather than residents of large centralized empires as in South America

    • C. 

      The Indians of North America were more resistant to European-borne diseases and therefore were better able to resist the European settlers than were the decimated Aztecs and Incas

    • D. 

      The conquistadores were much more interested in claiming individual landownership than were the English farmers

  • 2. 
    Why did the Iberian colonies in South America emerge as more ethnically diverse than the French and English colonies of North America?
    • A. 

      The Iberian colonists were less racist in their attitudes than the English and especially the French

    • B. 

      The Iberian colonists were more interested in making their fortunes and then returning to Europe than were the French or the English settlers

    • C. 

      Fewer Iberian women migrated to South America than did French and especially English women, forcing the Iberian male migrants to look to other populations for companionship

    • D. 

      The racist French and English did not want to interact in any way with the indigenous peoples or the enslaved Africans

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      They were all social systems of discriminating between various racial combinations found in Iberian colonies in South America

    • B. 

      They were all economic systems of providing labor for Spanish migrants seeking to make a living in the Iberian colonies of South America

    • C. 

      They were all part of the Spanish system of governing her New World colonies and were designed to enforce royal control of distant lands

    • D. 

      They were all part of the process of conversion among the indigenous peoples of South America to Roman Catholicism

  • 4. 
    Which of the following pairings is NOT correct regarding early European control in the New World?
    • A. 

      Dutch: New York

    • B. 

      Spain: Peru

    • C. 

      Portugal: Brazil

    • D. 

      England: Virginia

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Pizarro manipulated the hatred of subjected peoples toward tax collectors and overlords to gain allies against the Incas; Cortes used a similar strategy against the Aztecs

    • B. 

      Epidemic disease weakened both the Aztec and Inca resistance to the Iberian conquistadores

    • C. 

      Iberian conquerors starved residents of Tenochtitlan and Cuzco into submission when they could not capture the cities outright

    • D. 

      Rulers of both the Aztecs and the Incas tried to negotiate a settlement with the conquistadores, but language barriers inhibited successful results and fighting broke out

  • 6. 
    In what way(s), did the northern colonies of North America benefit from the African slave trade?
    • A. 

      The northern colonies relied on enslaved African people to provide farm labor necessary to produce cash crops like cotton and sugar

    • B. 

      The northern colonies relied on enslaved Africans to work in the fur trapping, shipbuilding, and textile industries in cities like New York and Philadelphia

    • C. 

      The northern colonies benefited from the African slave trade by the manufacture of slave ships and through the production and sale of rum

    • D. 

      The northern colonies benefited from the African slave trade through the taxes and import duties demanded as slave ships entered the ports of Philadelphia and Jamestown

  • 7. 
    Why were Cortes and Pizarro able to defeat the Aztecs and the Incas?
    • A. 

      The European weapons proved vastly superior against the defenseless Indians who had previously existed peacefully with their neighbors and therefore did not need weapons

    • B. 

      The European conquistadores greatly outnumbered both the small empires of the Aztecs and the Incas

    • C. 

      The Europeans used the element of surprise to startle and disorient both Indian groups who were afraid of the white Europeans.

    • D. 

      The Europeans carried deadly diseases which decimated the populations of both the Aztecs and the Incas and thus undermined their political and military order

  • 8. 
    Why did Christian missionaries have greater success at conversion of indigenous peoples of Mexico and Peru, than in the North American colonies?
    • A. 

      Christian missionaries in Mexico and Peru found it easier to convert the indigenous peoples under Spanish rule because the natives had settled, sedentary urban cultures and thus were much more accessible

    • B. 

      Christian missionaries in North America insisted on a stricter interpretation of Christianity than did their South American counterparts

    • C. 

      Christian missionaries in Mexico and Peru often found willing converts through military action and forced conversions

    • D. 

      The traditional religions of Mexico and Peru were more compatible with Christianity than were the more pagan religions of the Hurons and Iroquois

  • 9. 
    In colonial governments, the power of the Spanish viceroy was kept in check by the authority of 
    • A. 

      The Catholic church

    • B. 

      The AUDIENCIAS

    • C. 

      The colonial legislature

    • D. 

      The Spanish crown

  • 10. 
    How did Portugal gain an empire in Brazil?
    • A. 

      Portuguese mariners were first to explore the Amazon basin

    • B. 

      The Treaty of Trodesillas, designed to divide the Atlantic between Spain and Portugal, unintentionally granted Brazil to Portugal

    • C. 

      Brazilian natives successfully resisted Spanish invaders

    • D. 

      The Spanish had no interest in South America initially

  • 11. 
    One significant difference in the administration of English colonies compared to their Spanish counterparts was
    • A. 

      The Spanish crown was less actively involved in the government of their colonies

    • B. 

      English governors were elected directly by the colonists, while Spanish viceroys were appointed by the crown

    • C. 

      Spanish colonies had powerful local assemblies while the English did not

    • D. 

      English colonies were often financed by private investors, who retained control over colonial affairs

  • 12. 
    How did the mining industries of the Americas stimulate global economic growth?
    • A. 

      Mining increased the demand for labor, sparking the growth of an indigenous middle class

    • B. 

      Mineral ores from Mexico provided the raw materials for European manufacturing

    • C. 

      The sale of slaves to the mines by the Portuguese resulted in the Portuguese spending their wealth throughout Europe and Africa

    • D. 

      The Spanish minted gold and silver coins that circulated throughout European and Asian markets

  • 13. 
    Indentured servants who worked off their contracts in the colonies often
    • A. 

      Returned disappointed to Europe

    • B. 

      Hoped to become wealthy plantation-owners

    • C. 

      Hoped to become active in the politics of the colonies

    • D. 

      Hoped to become independent artisans or planters