Arterial Abnormalities (Part 1) - For Abdomen Test 10/18/10

41 Questions | Total Attempts: 41

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Abdomen Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Arteriosclerosis is primarily an arterial disease in which the vessel loses its ___________ and will ___________.
  • 2. 
    The most common form of arteriosclerosis is called ________________.
  • 3. 
    In atherosclerosis, __________ deposits form on the intima of the artery.
  • 4. 
    The lipid deposits that form on the intima of the artery in atherosclerosis are called ___________.
  • 5. 
    Causes:Choose the factors that have been linked to the progression of atherosclerosis.
    • A. 

      Hyperlipidemia

    • B. 

      HTN

    • C. 

      Cigarette smoking

    • D. 

      Diabetes

  • 6. 
    Signs and Symptoms:Generally, there are no signs and symptoms of atherosclerosis until a significant ___________ develops.
  • 7. 
    Signs and Symptoms:When a stenosis develops in a patient with atherosclerosis, symptoms depend on the ___________  ____________.
  • 8. 
    Atherosclerosis may also lead to _____________ formation.
  • 9. 
    Plaque appears as __________  __________  ___________ in the intima of an artery with tendency to be at the areas of ____________.
  • 10. 
    Plaque in the intima of an artery may become calcified appearing as an ____________ area with ____________ along the vessel wall.
  • 11. 
    In elderly patients, the vessel may become ____________ (crooked) which is often going toward the ____________ (left or right?).
  • 12. 
    Because of tortuosity of the aorta in elderly patients, it is best to hold the transducer in the ___________ plane.
  • 13. 
    An aneurysm is a focal ___________ of the vessel wall caused by structural weakness of all ______(#) layers
  • 14. 
    The type of aneurysm that is of uniform dilation is called ____________.
  • 15. 
    The type of aneurysm in which there is a protrusion of the aorta toward one side and may also have a channel that connects the protrusion to the aorta is called ____________.
  • 16. 
    Causes:What is the most common cause of aneurysm formation in the United States?
  • 17. 
    Causes:Besides the most common cause, name three other causes of aortic aneurysm.**In alphabetical order.
  • 18. 
    Causes:____________  ____________ is associated with aneurysms of the ascending aorta.
  • 19. 
    Signs and Symptoms:Unless aortic aneurysms are large, they are usually ____________.
  • 20. 
    Signs and Symptoms:Once an aortic aneurysm becomes large, they may cause ___________ and ___________ pain.
  • 21. 
    Aneurysms are usually suspected during a physical exam if a ___________  ___________ is felt.
  • 22. 
    Sono Appearance:A slight dilation of the aorta having a diameter of 2.5-3.0 cm is called ___________.
  • 23. 
    Sono Appearance:A dilation of the aorta with a diameter greater than 3.0 cm is considered a ___________  ___________.
  • 24. 
    Sono Appearance:If an aortic aneurysm is detected, you should evaluate the __________ arteries and the __________ arteries for their involvement.
  • 25. 
    Sono Appearance:A thrombus formation in the lumen of the aorta appear as _________  __________  __________.