AP Psychology Midterm Review

300 Questions | Total Attempts: 186

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AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The first two major "schools" of psychology were
    • A. 

      Structuralism and functionalism

    • B. 

      Behaviorism and psychoanalysis

    • C. 

      Functionalism and behaviorism

    • D. 

      Behaviorism and Gestalt psychology

  • 2. 
    The theoretical orientation that insisted on verifiability of observation was
    • A. 

      Behaviorism

    • B. 

      Structuralism

    • C. 

      Functionalism

    • D. 

      Psychoanalysis

  • 3. 
    Gestalt psychologists were primarily concerned with which of the following
    • A. 

      Perception

    • B. 

      Emotions

    • C. 

      Overt behavior

    • D. 

      Unconscious desires

  • 4. 
    According to Sigmund Freud, an individual's personality is largely determined by
    • A. 

      Forces in the unconscious

    • B. 

      Self-actualizing tendencies

    • C. 

      Forces in the environment

    • D. 

      Strivings for superiority

  • 5. 
    The most frequently occurring score in a group of scores is the
    • A. 

      Mode

    • B. 

      Mean

    • C. 

      Median

    • D. 

      Harmonic mean

  • 6. 
    The median is
    • A. 

      The score that divides a distribution of data in half

    • B. 

      The most frequently occurring score in a group of scores

    • C. 

      The arithmetic average for a group of scores

    • D. 

      Typically greater than the mean

  • 7. 
    The mean in a set of scores is
    • A. 

      The arithmetic average for a group of scores

    • B. 

      The most frequently occurring score

    • C. 

      The basis for calculating the range

    • D. 

      The score that divides a distribution of scores in half

  • 8. 
    Scores pile up at the low end of the scale in
    • A. 

      A positively skewed distribution

    • B. 

      A negatively skewed distribution

    • C. 

      Any skewed distribution

    • D. 

      A normal distribution

  • 9. 
    The standard deviation
    • A. 

      Indicates the average difference between each score in a group and the mean for that group of scores

    • B. 

      Reveals the degree of skew for a group of scores

    • C. 

      Is sensitive to scores at the extremes of a distribution of scores

    • D. 

      Is used to determine whether a data set is positively or negatively skewed

  • 10. 
    A theory is
    • A. 

      A system of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of observations

    • B. 

      A tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables

    • C. 

      A statement of research results trhat have been proven to be correct

    • D. 

      A preliminary proposal that has yet to be tested

  • 11. 
    A hypothesis is
    • A. 

      A tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables

    • B. 

      A random guess as to what might happen in an experiment

    • C. 

      A conclusion drawn from an experiment

    • D. 

      A system of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of observations

  • 12. 
    Hypotheses are typically expressed as
    • A. 

      Predictions

    • B. 

      Theories

    • C. 

      Variables

    • D. 

      Statistics

  • 13. 
    Researchers who were studying plant growth raised plants in two separate rooms. One room had taped conversations playing 24 hours a day; the other room was silent. The researchers found that the plants grew better in the room which had the conversations playing. In this study, the type of room (conversation or silence) would be
    • A. 

      The independent variable

    • B. 

      The dependent variable

    • C. 

      The extraneous variable

    • D. 

      A placebo

  • 14. 
    Researchers who were studying memory had participants learn a list of words after consuming a soft drink with caffeine or a decaffeinated version of the same soft drink. The researchers then counted the number of words that were recalled from the list. In this study, the type of beverage (caffeinated or decaffeinated) would be
    • A. 

      The independent variable

    • B. 

      The extraneous variable

    • C. 

      A placebo

    • D. 

      The dependent variable

  • 15. 
    A dependent variable in an experiment refers to the variable
    • A. 

      That changes value because of the systematic manipulation in the experiment

    • B. 

      Held constant across the experimental conditions

    • C. 

      Deliberately manipulated by the experimenter

    • D. 

      That the experimenter is depending on to cause something to happen in the experiment

  • 16. 
    A group of researchers want to determine if people are more likely to follow directions if the person giving the directions is in a uniform. Half the participants are directed to a parking spot by a uniformed security guard, the other half are direction to a parking spot by an individual wearing blue jeans and a t-shirt. In this study, the dependent variable would be
    • A. 

      The number of participants who park in the spot they are directed to

    • B. 

      The type of clothing worn by the person giving the directions

    • C. 

      The gender of the person driving into the parking lot

    • D. 

      The distance between the parking spot and the entrance

  • 17. 
    If we view an experiment as an attempt to establish a cause-effect relationship, the ________ variable would be the cause, and the ________ variable would be the effect.
    • A. 

      Independent; dependent

    • B. 

      Dependent; independent

    • C. 

      Control; experimental

    • D. 

      Independent; confounded

  • 18. 
    The experimental group
    • A. 

      Consists of the subjects who receive some special treatment with regard to the independent variable

    • B. 

      Consists of the subjects who receive some special treatment with regard to the dependent variable

    • C. 

      Consists of the subjects who did not receive special treatment

    • D. 

      Must be chosen so as to be as different from the control group as possible

  • 19. 
    The purpose of the control group is to
    • A. 

      Isolate the effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable

    • B. 

      Make the experiment more complex

    • C. 

      Make statistical significance more likely

    • D. 

      Isolate the effect of the dependent variable on the independent variable

  • 20. 
    A researcher wants to see if a protein-enriched diet will enhance the maze-running performance of rats. One group of rats is fed the high-protein diet for the duration of the study; the other group continues to receive ordinary rat chow. In this experiment, the group of rats that is fed the high-protein diet is _________ group; the group that receives ordinary rat chow is ________ group.
    • A. 

      An experimental; a control

    • B. 

      A control; a control

    • C. 

      A control; an experimental

    • D. 

      An experimental; an experimental

  • 21. 
    A researcher has children watch 30 minutes of violent television, and then counts the number of times they hit each other afterward in a one-hour play period as a measure of aggression. The researcher concludes that television violence influences aggression. However, this conclusion is invalid because
    • A. 

      There was no control group

    • B. 

      The study is strictly correlational

    • C. 

      Aggression wasn't operationally defined

    • D. 

      It is unethical to force children to watch violent television

  • 22. 
    A variable, other than the independent variable, that appears to have influenced the dependent variable in a study is referred to as
    • A. 

      An extraneous variable

    • B. 

      A covariate

    • C. 

      A redundant variable

    • D. 

      An inverse bias

  • 23. 
    When two variables are linked an their individual effects cannot be separated out, we speak of the variables as being
    • A. 

      Confounded variables

    • B. 

      Independent variables

    • C. 

      Dependent variables

    • D. 

      Codependent variables

  • 24. 
    Diaz conducts a decision-making experiment to determine if people reason more logically when they have more time to decide. All the participants who are under 40 are allowed 15 minutes to reach a decision about a problem; all the participants who are over 40 are allowed 20 minutes to reach a decision about the same problem. Diaz has a problem with his experimental design because
    • A. 

      The age of the participants is confounded with the independent variable

    • B. 

      There are two control groups and no experimental group

    • C. 

      The length of time allowed for the decision is confounded with the independent variable

    • D. 

      There is no dependent variable in the experiment

  • 25. 
    Random assignment of subjects occurs when
    • A. 

      All subjects have an equal chance of being assigned to any of the groups or conditions

    • B. 

      Subjects are allowed to choose which group or condition they would like to be in

    • C. 

      A different method is used to assign each subject to a group or condition

    • D. 

      All topics have an equal chance of being assigned to a particular experimenter

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