Structuralism and functionalism
Behaviorism and psychoanalysis
Functionalism and behaviorism
Behaviorism and Gestalt psychology
Behaviorism
Structuralism
Functionalism
Psychoanalysis
Perception
Emotions
Overt behavior
Unconscious desires
Forces in the unconscious
Self-actualizing tendencies
Forces in the environment
Strivings for superiority
Mode
Mean
Median
Harmonic mean
The score that divides a distribution of data in half
The most frequently occurring score in a group of scores
The arithmetic average for a group of scores
Typically greater than the mean
The arithmetic average for a group of scores
The most frequently occurring score
The basis for calculating the range
The score that divides a distribution of scores in half
A positively skewed distribution
A negatively skewed distribution
Any skewed distribution
A normal distribution
Indicates the average difference between each score in a group and the mean for that group of scores
Reveals the degree of skew for a group of scores
Is sensitive to scores at the extremes of a distribution of scores
Is used to determine whether a data set is positively or negatively skewed
A system of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of observations
A tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables
A statement of research results trhat have been proven to be correct
A preliminary proposal that has yet to be tested
A tentative statement about the relationship between two or more variables
A random guess as to what might happen in an experiment
A conclusion drawn from an experiment
A system of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of observations
Predictions
Theories
Variables
Statistics
The independent variable
The dependent variable
The extraneous variable
A placebo
The independent variable
The extraneous variable
A placebo
The dependent variable
That changes value because of the systematic manipulation in the experiment
Held constant across the experimental conditions
Deliberately manipulated by the experimenter
That the experimenter is depending on to cause something to happen in the experiment
The number of participants who park in the spot they are directed to
The type of clothing worn by the person giving the directions
The gender of the person driving into the parking lot
The distance between the parking spot and the entrance
Independent; dependent
Dependent; independent
Control; experimental
Independent; confounded
Consists of the subjects who receive some special treatment with regard to the independent variable
Consists of the subjects who receive some special treatment with regard to the dependent variable
Consists of the subjects who did not receive special treatment
Must be chosen so as to be as different from the control group as possible
Isolate the effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable
Make the experiment more complex
Make statistical significance more likely
Isolate the effect of the dependent variable on the independent variable
An experimental; a control
A control; a control
A control; an experimental
An experimental; an experimental
There was no control group
The study is strictly correlational
Aggression wasn't operationally defined
It is unethical to force children to watch violent television
An extraneous variable
A covariate
A redundant variable
An inverse bias
Confounded variables
Independent variables
Dependent variables
Codependent variables
The age of the participants is confounded with the independent variable
There are two control groups and no experimental group
The length of time allowed for the decision is confounded with the independent variable
There is no dependent variable in the experiment
All subjects have an equal chance of being assigned to any of the groups or conditions
Subjects are allowed to choose which group or condition they would like to be in
A different method is used to assign each subject to a group or condition
All topics have an equal chance of being assigned to a particular experimenter