AP Psychology Exam Review

135 Questions | Total Attempts: 426

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AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In an experiment, which of the folowing variables refers to the outcome that is measured by the experimenter?
    • A. 

      Independent

    • B. 

      Dependent

    • C. 

      Control

    • D. 

      Random

    • E. 

      Stimulus

  • 2. 
    Drawing a random sample of people from a town for an interview study of social attitudes ensures that
    • A. 

      Each person in town has the same probability of being chosen for the study

    • B. 

      An equal number of males and females are selected for interviews

    • C. 

      The study includes at least some respondents from everay social class in town

    • D. 

      The study will uncover widely differing social attitudes among the respondents

    • E. 

      The sample will be large enough even though some people may refuse to be interviewed

  • 3. 
    The result of the evolutionary process that preserves traits that enhance the adaptation of an organism and suppresses traits that do not is called
    • A. 

      Habituation

    • B. 

      Accommodation

    • C. 

      Natural selection

    • D. 

      Eugenics

    • E. 

      Species assimilation

  • 4. 
    An important difference between humanistic and psychoanalytic approaches is that humanistic psychologists believe in the importance of
    • A. 

      Learning

    • B. 

      Free will

    • C. 

      Determinism

    • D. 

      Biological instincts

    • E. 

      Unconscious precessess

  • 5. 
    The most distinctive characteristic of the experimental method is that it
    • A. 

      Studies a few people in great depth

    • B. 

      Studies subjects in their natural environment

    • C. 

      Is an efficient way to discover how people feel

    • D. 

      Seeks to establish cause and effect relationships

    • E. 

      Provides a chronologcal basis for reaching conflusions

  • 6. 
    In experimental psychology, a significant difference refers to a
    • A. 

      Difference not likely due to change

    • B. 

      Difference not likely due to faulty design

    • C. 

      Result that indicates a correlation equal to 1.0

    • D. 

      Result that departs from previous findings

    • E. 

      Result that proves a new theory

  • 7. 
    A double-blind control is essential for which of the following?
    • A. 

      A study compairing the IQ scores of children from different educational systems

    • B. 

      A study of relationships among family members

    • C. 

      An experiment to determine the effect of a food reqard on the bar pressing rate of a rat

    • D. 

      Assessment of a treatment designed to reduce schizophrenic symptoms

    • E. 

      A survey of drug use among teenagers

  • 8. 
    In its early years, psychology focused on the study of ___________; from the 1920's to the 1960's, american psychologists emphasized the study of _________.
    • A. 

      Mental illness; effective psychotherapy

    • B. 

      Maladaptive behavior; adaptive behavior

    • C. 

      Unconscious motives; conscious thoughts and feelings

    • D. 

      Mental processes; obervable behavior

    • E. 

      Observable behavior; unconscious motives

  • 9. 
    Contemporary psychology is best defined aas the science of
    • A. 

      Conscious and unconscious mental activity

    • B. 

      Observable responses to the environment

    • C. 

      Behavior and mental processes

    • D. 

      Thoughts, feelings, and perceptions

    • E. 

      Maladaptive and adaptive behaviors

  • 10. 
    Sally believes that her husband's irritability toward her results from his unconscious feelings of hostility toward his own mother. she is interpreting her husband's behavior from a  _________ perspective.
    • A. 

      Biological

    • B. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • C. 

      Behavioral

    • D. 

      Socio-cultural

    • E. 

      Humanistic

  • 11. 
    The hindsight bias refers to people's tendency to
    • A. 

      Ignore disconfirming evidence

    • B. 

      Reject any ideas that can't be scientifically tested

    • C. 

      Exaggerate their ability to have foreseen the outcome of past events

    • D. 

      Assume that correlation proves causations

    • E. 

      Overestimate the extent to which others share their opinions

  • 12. 
    In order to verify a new scientific discovery, psychological researchers are most likely to engage in the process of
    • A. 

      Naturalistic observation

    • B. 

      Random sampling

  • 13. 
    Which kind of research would best enable you to predict academic success on the basis of performance on standard intelligence tests?
    • A. 

      Case study

    • B. 

      Naturalistic observation

    • C. 

      Experimentation

    • D. 

      Correlational research

    • E. 

      Survey

  • 14. 
    A researcher would be most likely to discover a positive correlation between
    • A. 

      Self esteem and depression

    • B. 

      Financial poverty and physical health

    • C. 

      Intelligence and academic success

    • D. 

      School grades and school absences

    • E. 

      Weight and athletic ability

  • 15. 
    Sydney has gathered evicdence showing that the weight of grade school students correlates positively with reading skill. before she uses this evidence to conclude that body weight enhances reading ability, she should first be reminded that
    • A. 

      Evens often seem more probably in hindsight

    • B. 

      Random sequences of events often don't look random

    • C. 

      Sampling extreme cases leads to false generalizations

    • D. 

      Correlation doesn't prove causation

    • E. 

      The tendency to seek confirming information promotes illusory correlations

  • 16. 
    In order to minimize any preexisting differences between participants who are in differenct conditions of an experiment, psychologists make use of
    • A. 

      Correlation

    • B. 

      Replication

    • C. 

      Random sampling

    • D. 

      Random assignment

    • E. 

      Double-blind procedure

  • 17. 
    In order to study some effects of alcohol consuption, dr. chu tested the psychical coordination skills of 21 year old men who were first assigned to drink a beverage with either 4,2, or 0 ounces of alcohol in the lab. in this study, the independent variable consisted of
    • A. 

      The age of the research participants

    • B. 

      The amount of alcohol consumed

    • C. 

      The physical coordination skills of the research participants

    • D. 

      The effects of alcohol consumption

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    In an experiment designed to determine whether watching violent scenes on television increases the frequency of aggressive behavior in children, one group of subjects saw a nonviolent cartoon and another group saw a violent cartoon. in the play period that followed, researchers observed the two groups of children together and counted instanced of aggressive behavior. the control group in the experiment is the group that
    • A. 

      The researchers thought would be most aggressive

    • B. 

      Performed the larger number of aggressive acts

    • C. 

      Performed the smaller number of aggressive acts

    • D. 

      Watched the violent cartoon

    • E. 

      Watched the nonviolent cartoon

  • 19. 
    Which of the following approaches to psychology emphasizes observable responses over inner experiences when accounting for behavior?
    • A. 

      Behaviorists

    • B. 

      Cognitive

    • C. 

      Existentialist

    • D. 

      Psychodynamic

    • E. 

      Structuralist

  • 20. 
    Which of the following parts of the brain is most active in decision making?
    • A. 

      Reticular formation

    • B. 

      Corpus callosum

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • E. 

      Pituitary gland

  • 21. 
    A brain tumor that results in obesity would most likely be located in the
    • A. 

      Left frontal lobe

    • B. 

      Base of the brain stem

    • C. 

      Area of the hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Reticular activating system

    • E. 

      Somatosensory cortex

  • 22. 
    For most people, speech functions are primarily localized in the
    • A. 

      Right cerebral hemisphere

    • B. 

      Left cerebral hemisphere

    • C. 

      Occipital lobe

    • D. 

      Corpus callosum

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 23. 
    People who have experienced severe damage to the frontal lobe of the brain seldom regain their abillity to
    • A. 

      Make and carry out plans

    • B. 

      Recognize visual patterns

    • C. 

      Process auditory information

    • D. 

      Process olfactory information

    • E. 

      Integrate their multiple personalities

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is the brain imaging technique that produces the most detailed picutre of brain structure?
    • A. 

      Electroencephalography (EEG)

    • B. 

      Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

    • C. 

      Positron emission tomography (PET)

    • D. 

      Computerized axial tomography (CAT)

    • E. 

      Electromyography (EMG)

  • 25. 
    Which of the folloqing areas of the body has the largest number of sensory neurons?
    • A. 

      Back

    • B. 

      Foot

    • C. 

      Ear

    • D. 

      Lips

    • E. 

      Wrist

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