Stability vs. change
Rationality vs. irrationality
Behavior genetics perspective
Researchers should work within the framework of only one of the perspectives.
Only those perspectives that emphasize objective measurement of behavior are useful.
The different perspectives often complement one another; together, they provide a fuller understanding of behavior than provided by any single perspective.
Psychologists should avoid all of these traditional perspectives.
Philosophy and chemistry.
Physiology and chemistry.
Philosophy and biology.
Philosophy and physics.
Are carefully tested by means of observation and experimentation.
Lead them to avoid conducting any experiments of a controversial nature.
Can bias their observations and interpretations.
Have very little influence on the process of scientific observation/
A case study.
The case study.
Psychologists study only observable behaviors.
Psychologists approach the study of thoughts and actions with careful observation and rigorous analysis.
Psychological research should be free of value judgments.
All of the above are true.
People learn and remember material best when they actively process it.
Many students overestimate their mastery of text and lecture material.
Study time should be spaced over time rather than crammed into one session.
"overlearning" disrupts efficient retention.
Most frequently occurring score.
Difference between the highest and lowest scores.
Arithmetic average of all the scores.
Score exceeded by 50 percent of all the scores.
A skewed distribution
Vivid and memorable
Saturated fat causes cancer
People who are prone to develop cancer prefer foods containing saturated fat
A separate factor links the consumption of saturated fat to cancer
None of the above is necessarily true