AP Psych.

44 Questions

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AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter One, Intro


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Heredity is to environment as the evolutionary perspective is to the ____________ perspective.
    • A. 

      Neuroscience

    • B. 

      Behavioral

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Psychodynamic

  • 2. 
    Dr. Rameriez is studying whether emothionally reactive infants tend to become emotionally reactive adults. Dr. Rameriez's research illustrates the ___________ issue in psychology.
    • A. 

      Stability vs. change

    • B. 

      Rationality vs. irrationality

    • C. 

      Nature-nurture

    • D. 

      Internal-external

  • 3. 
    Dr. Mills engages in basic research on why individulas conform to the behaviors and opinions of others. Which specialty area does his research best represent?
    • A. 

      Cognitive psychology

    • B. 

      Social psychology

    • C. 

      Developmental psychology

    • D. 

      Clinical psychology

  • 4. 
    Identical twins are more similar in intelligence than ferternal twins. This fact would be most direct relevance to the ________ perspective.
    • A. 

      Behavior genetics

    • B. 

      Social-cultural

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic

    • D. 

      Evolutionary

    • E. 

      Cognitive

  • 5. 
    Which psychological perspecive emphasizes the interaction of the brain and body in behavior?
    • A. 

      Neuroscience perspective

    • B. 

      Cognitive perspective

    • C. 

      Behavioral perspective

    • D. 

      Behavior genetics perspective

    • E. 

      Evolutionary perspective

  • 6. 
    Concerning the major psychological perspectives on behavior, the text author suggest that:
    • A. 

      Researchers should work within the framework of only one of the perspectives.

    • B. 

      Only those perspectives that emphasize objective measurement of behavior are useful.

    • C. 

      The different perspectives often complement one another; together, they provide a fuller understanding of behavior than provided by any single perspective.

    • D. 

      Psychologists should avoid all of these traditional perspectives.

  • 7. 
    The way the mind processes, stores, and retrieves information is the primary concern of the ___________ perspective.
    • A. 

      Neuroscience

    • B. 

      Evolutionary

    • C. 

      Social-cultural

    • D. 

      Behavioral

    • E. 

      Cognitive

  • 8. 
    Two historical roots of psychology are the disciplines of:
    • A. 

      Philosophy and chemistry.

    • B. 

      Physiology and chemistry.

    • C. 

      Philosophy and biology.

    • D. 

      Philosophy and physics.

  • 9. 
    A psychologist who studies how worker productivity might be increased by changing office layout is engaged in ________ research.
    • A. 

      Applied

    • B. 

      Basic

    • C. 

      Clinical

    • D. 

      Developmental

  • 10. 
    Dr. Robinson conducts basic research on the relationship between brain chemistry and intellectual functioning. Which psychological specialty does Dr. Robinson's research best represent?
    • A. 

      Social psychology

    • B. 

      Clinical psychology

    • C. 

      Biological psychology

    • D. 

      Industrial/organizational

  • 11. 
    Dr. Santaniello conducts basic research on how children's moral thinking changes as they grow older. It is mostly likely that Dr. Santaniello is a(n) __________ psychologist.
    • A. 

      Social

    • B. 

      Clinical

    • C. 

      Developmental

    • D. 

      Industrial/organizational

  • 12. 
    The distinctive  feature of the psychodynamic perspective is its emphasis on:
    • A. 

      Natural selection.

    • B. 

      Brain chemistry.

    • C. 

      Social norms.

    • D. 

      Unconscious conflicts.

    • E. 

      Learned behaviors.

  • 13. 
    Which psychological perspective is most likely to be concerned with identifying the powers and the limits of human reasoning?
    • A. 

      Cognitive

    • B. 

      Behavioral

    • C. 

      Neuroscience

    • D. 

      Social-cultural

    • E. 

      Behavior genetics

  • 14. 
    Dr. Weaver conducts basic research on the relationship between adults' language skiills and their capacity to remember visual images. Dr. Weaver is most likely a(n) _________ psychologist.
    • A. 

      Cognitive

    • B. 

      Biological

    • C. 

      Clinical

    • D. 

      Social

  • 15. 
    Psychologists' personal values and goals:
    • A. 

      Are carefully tested by means of observation and experimentation.

    • B. 

      Lead them to avoid conducting any experiments of a controversial nature.

    • C. 

      Can bias their observations and interpretations.

    • D. 

      Have very little influence on the process of scientific observation/

  • 16. 
    In a test of the effects of sleep deprivation on problem-solving skills, research participants are allowed to sleep either 4 or 8 hours on each of three consecutive nights. This research is an example of:
    • A. 

      Naturalistic observation.

    • B. 

      Survey research.

    • C. 

      A case study.

    • D. 

      An experiment.

    • E. 

      Correlation research.

  • 17. 
    In an experimental study of the effects of anxiety on self-esteem, anxiety would be the _______ variable.
    • A. 

      Experimental

    • B. 

      Dependent

    • C. 

      Correlational

    • D. 

      Independent

  • 18. 
    Psychologists who carefully watch the behavior of chimpanzees in the jungle are using a research method known as:
    • A. 

      The survey.

    • B. 

      Experimentation.

    • C. 

      Naturalistic observation.

    • D. 

      The case study.

    • E. 

      Random sampling.

  • 19. 
    Which perspective emphasizes the learning of observable responses?
    • A. 

      Behavioral

    • B. 

      Social-cultural

    • C. 

      Neuroscience

    • D. 

      Cognitive

  • 20. 
    To say that "psychology is a science" means that:
    • A. 

      Psychologists study only observable behaviors.

    • B. 

      Psychologists approach the study of thoughts and actions with careful observation and rigorous analysis.

    • C. 

      Psychological research should be free of value judgments.

    • D. 

      All of the above are true.

  • 21. 
    A major principle underlying the PRTR study method is that:
    • A. 

      People learn and remember material best when they actively process it.

    • B. 

      Many students overestimate their mastery of text and lecture material.

    • C. 

      Study time should be spaced over time rather than crammed into one session.

    • D. 

      "overlearning" disrupts efficient retention.

  • 22. 
    Which perspective is most concerned with the unique ways in which individuals interpret their own life experiences?
    • A. 

      Behavioral

    • B. 

      Cognitive

    • C. 

      Social-cultural

    • D. 

      Neuroscience

    • E. 

      Behavior genetics

  • 23. 
    The median of a distribution of scores is the:
    • A. 

      Most frequently occurring score.

    • B. 

      Difference between the highest and lowest scores.

    • C. 

      Arithmetic average of all the scores.

    • D. 

      Score exceeded by 50 percent of all the scores.

  • 24. 
    A sample average can be used to estimate a population average with greater precision if the sample is:
    • A. 

      Large

    • B. 

      A skewed distribution

    • C. 

      Highly variable

    • D. 

      Vivid and memorable

  • 25. 
    If eating saturated fat and the likelihood of contracting cancer are positively correlated, which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      Saturated fat causes cancer

    • B. 

      People who are prone to develop cancer prefer foods containing saturated fat

    • C. 

      A separate factor links the consumption of saturated fat to cancer

    • D. 

      None of the above is necessarily true

  • 26. 
    Prediction is to _____________ as explanation is to ____________.
    • A. 

      Correlation; experimentation

    • B. 

      Case study; survey

    • C. 

      Random assignment; random sampling

    • D. 

      Independent variable; dependent variable

    • E. 

      The hindsight bias; false consensus

  • 27. 
    Correlation research is most useful for purposes of:
    • A. 

      Explanation

    • B. 

      Prediction

    • C. 

      Control

    • D. 

      Replication

  • 28. 
    The set of scores that would likely be most representative of the population from which it was drawn would be a sample with relatively:
    • A. 

      Large standard deviation

    • B. 

      Small standard deviation

    • C. 

      Large range

    • D. 

      Small range

  • 29. 
    The scientific attitude of humility is most likely to be underminded by:
    • A. 

      The hindsight bias

    • B. 

      Correlation evidence

    • C. 

      Random assignment

    • D. 

      Operational definitions

    • E. 

      Naturalistic observation

  • 30. 
    In an effort to prevent participants in an experiment from trying to confirm the researcher' predictions, pyschologists sometimes:
    • A. 

      Obtain written promises from participants to respond honestly

    • B. 

      Treat information about individual participants confidentially

    • C. 

      Deceive participants about the true purpose of an experiment

    • D. 

      Allow people to decide for themselves whether they want to participate in an experiment

  • 31. 
    In an experimental study, men with symptoms of impotence recieved either Viagra or a placebo. Those who recieved Viagra participated in the ___________ condition.
    • A. 

      Correlational

    • B. 

      Control

    • C. 

      Survey

    • D. 

      Experimental

  • 32. 
    A questioning attitud regarding psychologists' assumptions and hidden values best illustrates:e
    • A. 

      The false consensus effect

    • B. 

      Skeptical inquiry

    • C. 

      The hindsight bias

    • D. 

      Overconfidence

    • E. 

      Illusory correlation

  • 33. 
    The case study is a research method in which:
    • A. 

      A single individual is studied in great detail

    • B. 

      A representative sample of people are questioned regarding their opinions or behaviors

    • C. 

      Organisms are carefully observed in a laboratory environment

    • D. 

      An investigator manipulates one or more variables that might affect behavior

  • 34. 
    Cause is to effect as ____________ is to ____________.
    • A. 

      Independent variable; dependent variable

    • B. 

      Correlation; experimentation

    • C. 

      Control condition; experimental condition

    • D. 

      Prediction; explanation

    • E. 

      Observation; replication

  • 35. 
    The most frequently occurring score in a distribution of scores is the:
    • A. 

      Mode

    • B. 

      Median

    • C. 

      Standard deviation

    • D. 

      Mean

  • 36. 
    In a group of five individuals, two report annual incomes of $10,000, and the other three report incomes of $14,000, $15,000, and $31,000, respectively. The mode of this group's distribution of annual incomes is:
    • A. 

      $10,000

    • B. 

      $15,000

    • C. 

      $16,000

    • D. 

      $31,000

    • E. 

      $80,000

  • 37. 
    The mean of a distribution of scores is the:
    • A. 

      Most frequently occurring score

    • B. 

      Arithmetic average of all scores

    • C. 

      Least frequently occurring score

    • D. 

      Score exceeded by 50% of all the scores

  • 38. 
    Which measure of central tendency is used to calculate your GPA?
    • A. 

      Standard deviation

    • B. 

      Median

    • C. 

      Mean

    • D. 

      Mode

  • 39. 
    During the past year, Zara and Ivan each read 2 books, but George read 9, Ali read 12, and Marsha read 25.The median number of books read by these individuals was:
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      50

    • C. 

      10

    • D. 

      12

    • E. 

      9

  • 40. 
    When a statistical average is reported in the news, it is most important for readers to:
    • A. 

      Determine whether it is statistically significant

    • B. 

      Consider whether it is distorted by a few extreme cases

    • C. 

      Be sure that it describes a truly random sample

    • D. 

      Recognize the potential for illusory correlation

  • 41. 
    Which measure of variation is affected most by a few extreme scores?
    • A. 

      Mode

    • B. 

      Standard deviation

    • C. 

      Mean

    • D. 

      Median

    • E. 

      Range

  • 42. 
    Which of the following is a measure of the degree of variation among a set of ebents?
    • A. 

      Mean

    • B. 

      Scatterplot

    • C. 

      Standard deviation

    • D. 

      Normal distribution

    • E. 

      Correlation coefficient

  • 43. 
    In order to decide whether observed differences between samples reflect actual differences populations, it is neessary to determine the ___________ of the observed differences.
    • A. 

      Mean

    • B. 

      Range

    • C. 

      Standard deviation

    • D. 

      Statistical significance

  • 44. 
    A statistically significant difference between two sample groupes NOT likely to be:
    • A. 

      A reflection of differences between the populations they represent

    • B. 

      Due to chance variation within and between the sample groups

    • C. 

      Observed more than 5% of the time the groups are compared

    • D. 

      Observed when the two groups are very large