Antibiotic Resistance

18 Questions

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Antibiotics Quizzes & Trivia

Questions regarding this article on: antibiotic resistance


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Bacteriostatic antibiotics kill bacteria.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Antibiotics belonging to which of the four annexes, in the EU legislation governing maximum residue limits, are prohibited in animals destined for human consumption?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 3. 
    Antibiotics are effective against viral infections.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    MIC, is the minimum            concentration of a drug.
  • 5. 
    MBC, is the minimum            concentration of a drug
  • 6. 
    What are the three stages of 'The Cascade'?
  • 7. 
    Pharmacodynamics is:
    • A. 

      The effect of the drug on the body

    • B. 

      The effect of the body on the drug

    • C. 

      The effect of the drug on the pathogen

    • D. 

      The balance between the body and the drug

  • 8. 
    A breakpoint of 0.05mg/kg is established for a new antibiotic, which of the following bacteria are susceptible to it? 
    • A. 

      Bacteria A - Reduction in numbers observed at a concentration of 0.5mg/kg

    • B. 

      Bacteria B - All bacteria eliminated at a concentration of 0.035mg/kg

    • C. 

      Bacteria C - Reduction in numbers observed at a concentration of 0.04mg/kg

    • D. 

      Bacteria D - All bacteria eliminated at a concentration 0.06mg/kg

    • E. 

      Bacteria E - No change in bacteria numbers at a concentration of 0.05mg/kg

  • 9. 
    How is antibacterial resistance measured using disc diffusion?
    • A. 

      Colour change observed in susceptible strains

    • B. 

      Diameter of clear area around disc

    • C. 

      Area of clear area around disc

    • D. 

      Colour change observed in resistant strains

  • 10. 
    Below are some examples of antibiotic resistance mechanisms. Check the boxes next to Intrinsic resistance mechanisms and leave Acquired resistance mechanisms unchecked.
    • A. 

      Low permeability envelope

    • B. 

      Mutations

    • C. 

      Inherent Efflux Pump

    • D. 

      Plasmid-mediated resistance

  • 11. 
    Which of these antibiotics inhibit cell wall synthesis?
    • A. 

      Fluoroquinolones

    • B. 

      Tetracycline

    • C. 

      Penicillin

    • D. 

      Trimethoprim

  • 12. 
    What is the mechanism which makes beta-lactams antibiotics, antimicrobial?
    • A. 

      Inhibit RNA synthesis

    • B. 

      Inhibit DNA synthesis

    • C. 

      Inhibit prostaglandin synthesis

    • D. 

      Inhibit Folic acid synthesis

    • E. 

      Inhibit protein synthesis

  • 13. 
    What is the mechanism which makes trimethoprim antibiotics, antimicrobial?
    • A. 

      Inhibit RNA synthesis

    • B. 

      Inhibit DNA synthesis

    • C. 

      Inhibit prostaglandin synthesis

    • D. 

      Inhibit Folic acid synthesis

    • E. 

      Inhibit protein synthesis

  • 14. 
    What is the mechanism which makes fluoroquinolone antibiotics, antimicrobial?
    • A. 

      Inhibit RNA synthesis

    • B. 

      Inhibit DNA synthesis

    • C. 

      Inhibit prostaglandin synthesis

    • D. 

      Inhibit Folic acid synthesis

    • E. 

      Inhibit protein synthesis

  • 15. 
    Bacteria developed the enzyme, beta-lactamase as a mechanism of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Beta-lactam antibiotics can also be resisted by means of adaptions to the            binding-protein
  • 17. 
    The gene responsible for the resistance of MRSA to penicillin derivatives is:
    • A. 

      MecT

    • B. 

      MecA

    • C. 

      MecB

    • D. 

      Mec-X

  • 18. 
    Aminoglycosides mechanism of action is to bind to what?
    • A. 

      30S ribosome

    • B. 

      RNA

    • C. 

      70S ribosome

    • D. 

      DNA