Ant 251 Test 3

41 Questions | Total Attempts: 86

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What tool present in African specimens of Homo erectus is absent in Asian specimens?
    • A. 

      Hand ax

    • B. 

      Scraper

    • C. 

      Chopper

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Australopithecus garhi is thought to be intermediate between
    • A. 

      Australopithicus nutrani and homo erectus

    • B. 

      Apes and hominins

    • C. 

      Australopithecus afarensis and homo erectus

    • D. 

      Paranthropus boisei and australopithecus africanus

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT considered to be a robust australopithecine?
    • A. 

      Australopithecus africanus

    • B. 

      Australopithecus boisei

    • C. 

      Australopithiecus robustus

    • D. 

      Australopithecus aethiopicus

  • 4. 
    The Laetiolo footprints date to 3.7 mya.  They are thought to have been made by....
    • A. 

      Australopithecus africanus

    • B. 

      Australopithiecus robustus

    • C. 

      Australopithiecus afarensis

    • D. 

      Kenyasnthropus platytops

  • 5. 
    The first homonin for which there is unquestioned evidence of bipedalism....
    • A. 

      Australopithiecus anamensis

    • B. 

      Sahelanthropus tchadensis

    • C. 

      Orrorin tugenensis

    • D. 

      Ardipithecus kadabba

  • 6. 
    Specimens of Homo ergaster are from
    • A. 

      Africa

    • B. 

      East Carolina

    • C. 

      Asia

    • D. 

      Lizard Lick

  • 7. 
    The tool tradition of later Homo erectus is called
    • A. 

      Oldowan

    • B. 

      Acheulean

    • C. 

      Archaic

    • D. 

      Clovis

  • 8. 
    The Robust and gracile australopithecines differ mostly
    • A. 

      In the size of their teeth

    • B. 

      In the tools they used

    • C. 

      In their cranial capacity

    • D. 

      In how tall they were

  • 9. 
    In Homo habilis wasn't the direct ancestor of Homo erectus, who was?
    • A. 

      Homo florensis

    • B. 

      Homo ergaster

    • C. 

      Homo rudolfensis

    • D. 

      Homo Heildelbergensis

  • 10. 
    Which of the following had a "unibrow" 
    • A. 

      Homo erectus

    • B. 

      Homo neanderthalensis

    • C. 

      Homo heidelbergensis

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    East African tools associated with Homo habilis
    • A. 

      Oldowan pebble tools

    • B. 

      Mousterian tools

    • C. 

      Blades

    • D. 

      Lavallois

  • 12. 
    Members of agricultural societies 
    • A. 

      Are generally less well nourished than hunter gatherers

    • B. 

      Generally have more diseases than hunter gatherers

    • C. 

      Have higher fertility than huntergatherers

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 13. 
    Where do we find Neanderthal fossils?  (other than museums) 
    • A. 

      Africa

    • B. 

      Southeast Asia

    • C. 

      Europe

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    After what point in time do we find only modern Homo sapiens (with the possible exclusion of Homo florioensis)
    • A. 

      28,000 ya

    • B. 

      79,000 ya

    • C. 

      100,000 ya

    • D. 

      250,000 ya

  • 15. 
    Almost all members of the genus Australopithecus have cranial capacies
    • A. 

      Similar to modern humans

    • B. 

      Less than 500 cc

    • C. 

      Over 600 cc

    • D. 

      Smaller than a modern chimpanzee

  • 16. 
    In what epoch did the last members of Homo hiedelbergensis live
    • A. 

      Miocene

    • B. 

      Pliocene

    • C. 

      Pleistocene

    • D. 

      Holocene

  • 17. 
    How to we know Australopithecus anamensis walked upright?
    • A. 

      From the position of the foramen magnum

    • B. 

      From the leg bone

    • C. 

      From the pelvis

    • D. 

      We don't really know, we're just guessing

  • 18. 
    Type of cannibalism...
    • A. 

      Missionary

    • B. 

      Gustatory

    • C. 

      Confectionary

    • D. 

      Regulatory

  • 19. 
    What line separates the tool traditions of Afican and Asian Homo erectus?
    • A. 

      Wallace's line

    • B. 

      The equator

    • C. 

      Movius Line

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    How does a paleoanthropologist decide which fossiles make up a single paleospecies?
    • A. 

      The ecology of strata in which they lived inferred from index fossils

    • B. 

      The degree of variation among individuals as compared to that of a modern species

    • C. 

      The proportions of arms and legs

  • 21. 
    The oldest specimen (so far) of modern homo sapiens was found in
    • A. 

      Africa

    • B. 

      Georgia

    • C. 

      Israel and Iraq

    • D. 

      Java

  • 22. 
    The muscle which arises on the cheek bone and inserts on the andle of the jaw
    • A. 

      Temporalis

    • B. 

      Sagital

    • C. 

      Masseter

    • D. 

      Buchal

  • 23. 
    Which tool is primarily associated with the Neanderthals?
    • A. 

      Acheulian

    • B. 

      Oldowan

    • C. 

      Mousterian

    • D. 

      Levallois

  • 24. 
    What group of hominids had cranial capacies larger than modern Homo sapians do?
    • A. 

      Neanderthal

    • B. 

      Robust Australopithecines

    • C. 

      Gigantipithecus

    • D. 

      Homo heidelbergensis

  • 25. 
    The idea of chronospecies implies
    • A. 

      Anagenesis

    • B. 

      Cladogenesis

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