An Interesting Quiz Over Ancient Mesopotamia!

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An Interesting Quiz Over Ancient Mesopotamia!

For each statement or question, select the letter of the word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The first permanent farming community was located at
    • A. 

      Egypt

    • B. 

      Mesopotamia

    • C. 

      China

    • D. 

      India

  • 2. 
    What important invention is first known to have been used by the Sumerians?
    • A. 

      The pulley

    • B. 

      Paper

    • C. 

      The wheel

    • D. 

      The battering ram

  • 3. 
    What is meant by the term "cuneiform?":
    • A. 

      The process by which copper and tin are combined to create the more valuable metal bronze

    • B. 

      A script using wedge-shaped marks impressed into clay tablets, first used by the Sumerians, to record spoken language

    • C. 

      A mathematical algebraic innovation that enabled people to solve complex problems

    • D. 

      The channels through which water was diverted in order to irrigate the fields of early city-states

  • 4. 
    The Epic of Gilgamesh is?:
    • A. 

      The story of the Hebrew's flight from Egypt

    • B. 

      An Egyptian folktale

    • C. 

      A tale about King Nebuchadnezzar

    • D. 

      Stories recounting the adventures of a Sumerian hero

  • 5. 
    The patron god of Babylon was:
    • A. 

      Hammurabi

    • B. 

      Gilgamesh

    • C. 

      Marduk

    • D. 

      Ea

  • 6. 
    Hammurabi is best remembered for his:
    • A. 

      Invention of the wheel

    • B. 

      Law code

    • C. 

      Creating the Babylonian Empire

    • D. 

      Inventing pottery

  • 7. 
    . . . "If a man has knocked out the teeth of a man of the same rank, his own teeth shall be knocked out. If he has knocked out the teeth of a plebeian (commoner), he shall pay one-third of a mina of silver." . . . Code of Hammurabi  Which statement is supported by this excerpt?
    • A. 

      All men are equal under the law.

    • B. 

      Fines are preferable to physical punishment.

    • C. 

      Law sometimes distinguishes between social classes.

    • D. 

      Violence must always be punished with violence.

  • 8. 
    "Ur is destroyed, bitter is its lament. The country's blood now fills its holes like hot bronze in a mould. Bodies dissolve like fat in the sun. Our temple is destroyed, the gods above have abandoned us, like migrating birds." What emotion is reflected in this passage?
    • A. 

      Despair

    • B. 

      Jealousy

    • C. 

      Pride

    • D. 

      Joy

  • 9. 
    • If a son has struck his father, they shall cut off his hand.
    • If a seignior has destroyed the eye of a member of the aristocracy, they shall destroy his eye.
    • If he has broken another seignior’s bone, they shall break his bone.
    Which document contains these statements?
    • A. 

      Ten Commandments

    • B. 

      Code of Hammurabi

    • C. 

      Edicts of Asoka

    • D. 

      Twelve Tables

  • 10. 
    Ur was an ancient river valley civilization. On which river was it built?
    • A. 

      Tigris

    • B. 

      Nile

    • C. 

      Euphrates

    • D. 

      Thames

  • 11. 
    Which element(s) in the drawing illustrate a defense against outside invaders?
    • A. 

      Canal

    • B. 

      City wall

    • C. 

      Temple

    • D. 

      Royal mausoleum

  • 12. 
    Which elements in the drawing illustrate the need for flood control and for irrigation?
    • A. 

      Fortress

    • B. 

      City wall

    • C. 

      Canal

    • D. 

      Royal palace

  • 13. 
    These are laws from the Code of Hammurabi: 15. If any one takes someone else's slave outside the city gates, he shall be put to death. 16. If any one houses a runaway slave, the master of the house shall be put to death. 17. If any one finds runaway slaves in the open country and brings them back to their masters, the master of the slaves shall pay him two shekels of silver. These laws show that:
    • A. 

      People in the ancient world did not have social classes.

    • B. 

      Slavery was common in the ancient world.

    • C. 

      Slaves had a high social class.

    • D. 

      Hammurabi's Code treated everyone equally.

  • 14. 
    Which of these would NOT be an example of a law from Hammurabi's Code?
    • A. 

      If a man breaks the bone of a man of his own social class, his bone shall be broken.

    • B. 

      Do not make any statues or carved images of any gods.

    • C. 

      If a man breaks the bone of a poor man, he shall pay him 3 month's wages in silver.

    • D. 

      If you are caught stealing from a house or a temple, you shall be put to death.

  • 15. 
    This is the beginning of the Code of Hammurabi: "… The gods Anu and Enlil … named me by my name: Hammurabi, who worships the gods, to bring justice to the land, to get rid of the wicked and the evil, to prevent the strong from oppressing the weak, to rise like the sun-god Shamash over all..." This passage shows that Hammurabi
    • A. 

      Belonged to a polytheistic religion.

    • B. 

      Belonged to the Persian Empire.

    • C. 

      Belonged to a monotheistic religion.

    • D. 

      Belonged to the Assyrian Empire.