The lack of large rivers
The water on three sides
The steep mountain slopes
The large number of islands
They isolated communities.
They promoted road building.
They led people to write letters.
They made farmers stop speaking.
Did not want to offend the earth god.
Were afraid of people from other villages.
Used the land for farming instead of roads.
Found traveling through the mountains difficult.
Thy believed in only one god.
They lived in seperate villages.
They relied on the sea for travel and trade.
They stayed away from the sea as much as they could.
Our land is too low and flat.
We do not have a big enough river.
We do not have the labor to build ditches.
Our engineers do not have the skill to design that.
They had too many soldiers.
They were crowded together.
They could not start colonies.
They each wanted more land.
To stop having to farm
To get goods they needed
To enjoy adventures at sea
To give families work to do
Wants and Needs
Farms and Villages
Goods and Services
Exports and Imports
Different languages made communication difficult.
Steep mountains kept people from different areas apart.
Colonies were started by groups from different countries.
Different kings made different rules about how to govern.
They inherited from a relative.
They were elected by the people.
They paid merchants for support.
They used soldiers to take control.
People might vote unwisely.
Merchants made all the laws.
Slaves were equal to free men.
All citizens shared ruling power.
Citizens voted directly on all issues.
Citizens gave their leaders total power.
Citizens elected representatives to make laws.
Citizens listened to the ideas of powerful speakers.
Nobody should be a slave.
People should rulee themselves.
Men and women should be equal.
Leaders should be both wise and good.
It was on a peninsula.
It was close to the sea.
It was built on rocky cliffs.
It was surrounded by fertile fields.
He inherited the position.
He was elected by citizens.
He was chosen in a drawing.
He overthrew a council member.
There were not enough books.
Public speaking was important.
They wanted to become citizens
Examinations were very difficult.
In another city.
In a day school.
From a priestess.
From her mother.
Military strength was valued.
It was organized as a city-state.
The government had two kings.
A small group held the most power.
The military leaders
The Council of Elders
The winners of sports games
Children did not learn to read.
Children studied sculpture and painting.
Both boys and girls got military training.
Both boys and girls learned to cook and clean.
Could not vote.
Could own a lot of property.
Had most influence in the home.
Served equally with men in the army.
Persia wanted revenge.
Persia wanted farmland.
Persia wanted Greek culture.
Persia wanted better schools.
Greece had never been invaded before.
Greek men had never fought without women before.
Athens and Sparta together would be stronger than Persia.
Athenians and Spartans would join to fight a common enemy.
They ended Greek independence.
They destroyed the city of Sparta.
They caused the Greeks to invent new gods.
They prevented Persia from conquering Greece.
He conquered a huge area.
He created a lasting empire.
He spread new kinds of farming.
He set up independent city-states.
The rise of a new religion
The spread of Greek culture
The growth of a nomadic way of life
The political unity of Asia and Egypt
Juries of citizens
A Council of Elders
One official religion
Rocks, stones, and dirt
Skin, blood, and bones
Lines, circles, and squares
Actors, costumes, and stages
Earth moves around the sun.
The planets affect human lives.
It is good to study the night sky.
The moon seems to change shape.
The use of columns
The honoring of heroes
The effect of bright lights
The importance of religion
To honor a Greek god
To choose military leaders
To decide who would be king
To reach the top of Mount Olympus
THey got the citizens to vote.
They translated Egyptian texts.
They built complicated machines.
They observed and asked questions.