2014 - 2015 CE
2000 - 800 BCE
650 - 400 BCE
1800 - 600 BCE
The governing power is in the hands of one person, usually a king
A few people had control
Greek monarchs rose to power through inheritance
All of the citizens made decisions, and they were all equal
They had the authority to make laws and act as judges.
They conducted religious ceremonies
They could have any job they wanted
They could use force to punish people, who had disobeyed the laws or didn’t pay their taxes.
The farmers overthrew them
The aristocrats soon realized that, as a group, they were stronger than their king. They wanted a share of the king’s power
In some city-states, aristocrats insisted that their king obtain the crown through an election rather than an inheritance.
They were overthrown by invaders
900 - 800 BCE
800 - 650 BCE
2013 - 2014 CE
1000 - 850 BCE
The power lies in the hand of all the people
One person gain the power through inheritance
One person gains the power by using force
In an oligarchy, the ruling power is in the hands of a few people
They might host or attend parties
Making farmers give them all their money
They ignored the needs of the majority of the people
They passed laws that favored the rich, the oligarchs protected and increased their own wealth
They used the army to force others to obey these unjust laws
They killed the oligarchs
They stole the oligarchs' money
Eventually, the poor turned to other leaders who promised to improve their lives. Typically, these leaders were in the army. Backed by the people, they used their soldiers to throw the oligarchs out of power.
They destroyed the oligarchs' homes
500 - 300 BCE
650 - 500 BCE
2013 - 2014 CE
900 - 800 BCE
A tyrant cannot claim that the laws of the land give him the right to rule.
A tyrant is evil, and a king is good
There are no legal limits on his powers.
A tyrant’s son does not usually inherit his father’s power
Gave people money
Some canceled the debts of struggling farmers
Others were hostile to aristocrats and took away their land
They made changes that improved the lives of the poor
They were nice to some people, but not the poor, so the poor rebeled
When Hippias came into power, he ruled harshly
He paid spies to report anyone who criticized him
The people finally drove him from power
2002 - 2015 CE
800 - 600 BCE
1000 - 500 BCE
500 - 400 BCE
There was 1 leader, that came to power through inheritance
All citizens share in the ruling power
There was 3 leaders
There was 1 leader, who seized power
They could speak their mind
They went around town and asked people, what they voted for
The city had an assembly, or lawmaking group. Any free man could speak in this assembly and vote on a possible new law or a proposal to go to war. Free men also ran the city’s day-to-day business.
They had a judge, that listened to everyones' decisions
Powerful speakers sometimes persuaded ordinary citizens to vote unwisely. Often, an assembly reversed important decisions after just a few weeks. Problems like these led most city-states to return to earlier forms of government, such as dictatorships and oligarchies.
Some wanted to become kings
Some fought with each other
Some didn't like each others' decisions