Anatomy Test 3

99 Questions | Total Attempts: 50

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

Anatomy Exam 3-nutrition-digestive processes


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is nutrition?
    • A. 

      Any substance or material taken into the body and used as an energy source, regulator of body processes, and attributes to health and growth.

    • B. 

      The study of foods

    • C. 

      Small amounts of chemical elements in foods/end products of digestion, vitamins, and minerals.

    • D. 

      The study of foods and nutrients and their effect on health, growth, and development of the individual

    • E. 

      The study of nutrients

  • 2. 
    What is food?
    • A. 

      A, B, and C.

    • B. 

      Any substance or material taken into the body and used as an energy source.

    • C. 

      Any substance or material taken into the body and used as a regulator of body processes.

    • D. 

      Any substance or material taken into the body that attributes to health and growth.

    • E. 

      B and D.

  • 3. 
    Organisms capable of synthesizing organic compounds from water and CO2 through photosynthesis (ex: green plants).
    • A. 

      Nutrition

    • B. 

      Heterotrophic nutrition

    • C. 

      Autotrophic nutrition

    • D. 

      Nutrients

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 4. 
    Small amounts of chemical elements in foods/ end products of digestion, vitamins, and minerals.
    • A. 

      None of these

    • B. 

      Nutrition

    • C. 

      Food

    • D. 

      Nutrients

    • E. 

      Ingestion

  • 5. 
    Any substance or material taken into the body and used as 1) an energy source, 2) regulator of body processes and 3) attributes to health and growth.
    • A. 

      Food

    • B. 

      Nutrients

    • C. 

      Nutrition

    • D. 

      A and B.

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 6. 
    Gets nutrients from other organisms by eating them.
    • A. 

      Heterotrophic nutrition

    • B. 

      Autotrophic nutrition

    • C. 

      Nutrition

    • D. 

      Two of these

  • 7. 
    Plant eater (ex: horses and elephants).
    • A. 

      Carnivorous

    • B. 

      Omnivorous

    • C. 

      Herbivorous

    • D. 

      A and B

  • 8. 
    Plant and meat eater (ex:humans)
    • A. 

      B and C

    • B. 

      Herbivorous

    • C. 

      Carnivorous

    • D. 

      Omnivorous

  • 9. 
    Meat eater (ex: lion, spiders-feed on liquid part of animals).
    • A. 

      Herbivorous

    • B. 

      Carnivorous

    • C. 

      Omnivorous

    • D. 

      A and B

  • 10. 
    Glands secrete material that aid in digestion.
    • A. 

      Two of these

    • B. 

      Ingestion

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Secretion

  • 11. 
    Taking food into mouth (great variation among species).
    • A. 

      Digestion

    • B. 

      Ingestion

    • C. 

      Excretion

    • D. 

      Secretion

    • E. 

      Propulsion

  • 12. 
    Alternating contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle in the walls of the GI tract mix food and secretions and propel them toward the anus.
    • A. 

      Secretion

    • B. 

      Propulsion

    • C. 

      B and D

    • D. 

      Mixing

    • E. 

      A and D

  • 13. 
    Food mixed with gastric excretions in stomach through muscular contractions of stomach.
    • A. 

      Propulsion

    • B. 

      Mixing

    • C. 

      Ingestion

    • D. 

      Peristalsis

  • 14. 
    Smooth muscle contractions that push food ahead.
    • A. 

      Peristalsis

    • B. 

      Propulsion

    • C. 

      Mixing

    • D. 

      Bolis

  • 15. 
    Mass of food moving through the digestive system.
    • A. 

      Peristalsis

    • B. 

      Propulsion

    • C. 

      Bolis

    • D. 

      Mixing

  • 16. 
    Smooth muscle contracts that push food through digestive tract.
    • A. 

      Peristalsis

    • B. 

      Mixing

    • C. 

      Bolis

    • D. 

      Propulsion

    • E. 

      Digestion

  • 17. 
    Reduces large molecules down to allow passage through wall of small intestines.
    • A. 

      Peristalsis

    • B. 

      Ingestion

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Bolis

    • E. 

      Absorption

  • 18. 
    Elimination of digested material not absorbed through GI tract.
    • A. 

      Defecation

    • B. 

      Digestion

    • C. 

      Excretion

    • D. 

      Secretion

    • E. 

      Propulsion

  • 19. 
    Transport of end products through the mucosa into circulatory system or lymphatic system (active transport).
    • A. 

      Defecation

    • B. 

      Absorption

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Secretion

    • E. 

      Peristalsis

  • 20. 
    Enzyme catalyzed hydrolysis - degrades large molecules into small molecules to allow absorption through small intestines.
    • A. 

      Secretion

    • B. 

      Chemical digestion

    • C. 

      Mechanical digestion

    • D. 

      B and C

    • E. 

      Defecation

  • 21. 
    Chewing or mastication of food in the mouth reducing the size of the pieces of food.
    • A. 

      Chemical digestion

    • B. 

      Absorption

    • C. 

      Peristalsis

    • D. 

      Mechanical digestion

    • E. 

      A and D

  • 22. 
    Made of glucose but humans do not contain enzyme to break the bonds ---- passes through system and defecated.
    • A. 

      Small intestines

    • B. 

      Maltose

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Ptyalin

    • E. 

      Cellulose

  • 23. 
    Proteins secreted by glands and their presence allows reaction to occur (catalyst) but remains unchanged and these reactions need water molecules (hydrolysis).
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Maltose

    • C. 

      Enzymes

    • D. 

      Ptyalin

  • 24. 
    Monomer of starch.
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Maltose

    • C. 

      Cellulose

    • D. 

      Ptyalin

  • 25. 
    Double sugar formed in breakdown of starch.
    • A. 

      Cellulose

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Maltose

    • D. 

      Ptyalin

  • 26. 
    Begins starch digestion in mouth.
    • A. 

      Cellulose

    • B. 

      Ptyalin

    • C. 

      Maltose

    • D. 

      Glucose

  • 27. 
    Endocrine (hormone secretion) and exocrine (secretes enzymes and other substances for digestion).
    • A. 

      Salivary glands

    • B. 

      Uvula

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Pharynx

    • E. 

      Pancreas

  • 28. 
    Excretes saliva that contains mucous making it slippery.
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Salivary glands

    • C. 

      Pharynx

    • D. 

      Pancreas

  • 29. 
    Makes bile which makes fecal matter brown.
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Salivary glands

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 30. 
    Arch that extends from base of tongue in superior direction (anterior of two arches).
    • A. 

      Fauces

    • B. 

      Palatopharyngeal arch

    • C. 

      Vestibule

    • D. 

      Palatoglossal arch

    • E. 

      Vermilion

  • 31. 
    From the gums and teeth to the opening to the pharynx or fauces.
    • A. 

      Oral cavity proper

    • B. 

      Uvula

    • C. 

      Labial frenulum

    • D. 

      Palatine tonsils

    • E. 

      Cheeks

  • 32. 
    Anterior part of roof of oral cavity.
    • A. 

      Soft palate

    • B. 

      Vestibule

    • C. 

      Hard palate

    • D. 

      Vermilion

    • E. 

      Uvula

  • 33. 
    One on each side between the arches (part of lymphatic system).
    • A. 

      Vermilion

    • B. 

      Lips

    • C. 

      Cheeks

    • D. 

      Vestibule

    • E. 

      Palatine tonsils

  • 34. 
    Transition from skin of face to tissue of lip.
    • A. 

      Palatoharyngeal arch

    • B. 

      Vestibule

    • C. 

      Vermilion

    • D. 

      Fauces

  • 35. 
    Posterior arch that extends from sides of pharynx to hard palate.
    • A. 

      Hard palate

    • B. 

      Palatopharyngeal arch

    • C. 

      Soft palate

    • D. 

      Palatoglossal arch

    • E. 

      Labial frenulum

  • 36. 
    Flesh folds above and below mouth opening (superior=upper and inferior=lower).
    • A. 

      Cheeks

    • B. 

      Lips/labia

    • C. 

      Fauces

    • D. 

      Palatine tonsils

  • 37. 
    Vertical fold tissue that attaches inner part of lips to gums (upper and lower).
    • A. 

      Cheeks

    • B. 

      Vermilion

    • C. 

      Vestibule

    • D. 

      Labial frenulum

    • E. 

      Uvula

  • 38. 
    Muscular extension from the free edge of the soft palate.
    • A. 

      Uvula

    • B. 

      Hard palate

    • C. 

      Vestibule

    • D. 

      Labial Frenulum

    • E. 

      Oral Cavity Proper

  • 39. 
    Arch-like entrance to pharynx where mouth transitions to pharynx.
    • A. 

      Palatopharyngeal arch

    • B. 

      Fauces

    • C. 

      Palatoglossal arch

    • D. 

      Soft palate

    • E. 

      Vermilion

  • 40. 
    Posterior aspect of roof or oral cavity.
    • A. 

      Lips/labia

    • B. 

      Palatoglossal arch.

    • C. 

      Fauces

    • D. 

      Soft Palate.

    • E. 

      Hard Palate.

  • 41. 
    Skin, epithelium inside, and muscles in between (lateral aspects of oral cavity).
    • A. 

      Palatine tonsils

    • B. 

      Lips/labia

    • C. 

      Cheeks

    • D. 

      Oral Cavity Proper

    • E. 

      Labial frenulum

  • 42. 
    Space between cheeks and gums and lips and gums.
    • A. 

      Vestibule

    • B. 

      Vermilion

    • C. 

      Hard Palate

    • D. 

      Labial frenulum

    • E. 

      Fauces

  • 43. 
    Functions of the tongue include all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Role in speech: darts around to form sounds better (not a digestive function)

    • B. 

      Home of taste buds: sensory receptors

    • C. 

      Role in swallowing: arches and pushes food down esophagus

    • D. 

      Role in kissing

    • E. 

      Role in positioning food between teeth

  • 44. 
    Muscle of tongue contained entirely within tongue.
    • A. 

      Intrinsic muscle

    • B. 

      Extrinsic muscle

    • C. 

      Frenulum

    • D. 

      Papillae

  • 45. 
    Extends from another structure and inserts into tongue.
    • A. 

      Intrinsic muscle

    • B. 

      Extrinsic muscle

    • C. 

      Papillae

    • D. 

      Frenulum

  • 46. 
    Finger-like projections from the lamina propria covered in keratinized epithelium.
    • A. 

      Intrinsic muscle

    • B. 

      Frenulum

    • C. 

      Papillae

    • D. 

      Extrinsic muscle

  • 47. 
    Vertical tissue fold that attaches the inferior aspect of tongue to floor of oral cavity.
    • A. 

      Papillae

    • B. 

      Intrinsic muscle

    • C. 

      Frenulum

    • D. 

      Extrinsic muscle

  • 48. 
    What are the three types of papillae?
    • A. 

      Filiform, fungiform, flattened

    • B. 

      Filiform, circumvallate, flattened

    • C. 

      Fungiform, circumvallate, flattened

    • D. 

      None of these

    • E. 

      Filiform, fungiform, circumvallate

  • 49. 
    Inverted v-shaped arrangement of papillae at base of tongue (all contain taste buds).
    • A. 

      Fungiform (papillae)

    • B. 

      Circumvallate (papillae)

    • C. 

      Flattened (papillae)

    • D. 

      Filiform (papillae)

  • 50. 
    Flat surfaced papillae scattered among filiform (most contain taste buds).
    • A. 

      Fungiform (papillae)

    • B. 

      Flattened (papillae)

    • C. 

      A and D

    • D. 

      Filiform (papillae)

    • E. 

      Circumvallate (papillae)

  • 51. 
    Anterior 2/3 of tongue that are small and very closely arranged (no taste buds).
    • A. 

      Fungiform (papillae)

    • B. 

      Filiform (papillae)

    • C. 

      Flattened (papillae)

    • D. 

      Circumvallate (papillae)

  • 52. 
    Only one form of tooth (bass, trout).
    • A. 

      Diphyodont

    • B. 

      Polyphyodont

    • C. 

      Homodont

    • D. 

      Heterodont

  • 53. 
    Regionally differentiated (human, cat).
    • A. 

      Homodont

    • B. 

      Polyphyodont

    • C. 

      Diphyodont

    • D. 

      Heterodont

  • 54. 
    2 sets of teeth developed in lifetime of species (humans).
    • A. 

      Diphyodont

    • B. 

      Heterodont

    • C. 

      Polyphyodont

    • D. 

      Homodont

  • 55. 
    Many sets of teeth developed (sharks).
    • A. 

      Polyphyodont

    • B. 

      Homodont

    • C. 

      Heterodont

    • D. 

      Diphyodont

  • 56. 
    ________ teeth: (baby teeth, milk teeth) primary set of teeth consisting of 10 teeth in each jaw.
    • A. 

      Diphydodont

    • B. 

      Homodont

    • C. 

      Heterodont

    • D. 

      Deciduous

  • 57. 
    Secondary set of teeth consisting of 16 teeth in each jaw.
    • A. 

      Diphyodont

    • B. 

      Homodont

    • C. 

      Deciduous teeth

    • D. 

      Heterdont

    • E. 

      Permanent teeth

  • 58. 
    Nerve/blood enter and leave at bottom of root.
    • A. 

      Root canal

    • B. 

      Alveolar

    • C. 

      Periodontal

    • D. 

      Apical foramen

    • E. 

      Dentin

  • 59. 
    Part of tooth surrounded by gum tissue.
    • A. 

      Neck

    • B. 

      Alveolar bone

    • C. 

      Root canal

    • D. 

      Crown

    • E. 

      Root

  • 60. 
    Socket
    • A. 

      Root

    • B. 

      Alveolar bone

    • C. 

      Crown

    • D. 

      Neck

    • E. 

      Cementum

  • 61. 
    Attaches to cementum.
    • A. 

      Crown

    • B. 

      Neck

    • C. 

      Enamel

    • D. 

      Dentin

    • E. 

      Periodontal ligament

  • 62. 
    Outermost part of root.
    • A. 

      Cementum

    • B. 

      Enamel

    • C. 

      Root

    • D. 

      Alveolar bone

    • E. 

      Periodontal ligament

  • 63. 
    Hollow canal in root.
    • A. 

      Enamel

    • B. 

      Dentin

    • C. 

      Root canal

    • D. 

      Crown

    • E. 

      Periodontal ligament

  • 64. 
    Outermost part of root.
    • A. 

      Enamel

    • B. 

      Dentin

    • C. 

      Crown

    • D. 

      Cementum

    • E. 

      Apical foramen

  • 65. 
    Outermost surface/ hardest surface in body.
    • A. 

      Root

    • B. 

      Enamel

    • C. 

      Periodontal ligament

    • D. 

      Dentin

    • E. 

      Cementum

  • 66. 
    In alveolar processes of mandible and maxillae.
    • A. 

      Root canal

    • B. 

      Neck

    • C. 

      Dentin

    • D. 

      Crown

    • E. 

      Root

  • 67. 
    Part of tooth above gum line.
    • A. 

      Apical foramen

    • B. 

      Alveolar bone

    • C. 

      Crown

    • D. 

      Periodontal ligament

    • E. 

      Dentin

  • 68. 
    Under enamel with pulp (when no pulp present tooth is dead).
    • A. 

      Crown

    • B. 

      Dentin

    • C. 

      Alveolar bone

    • D. 

      Cementum

    • E. 

      Neck

  • 69. 
    Posterior to oral cavity or inferior to soft palate.
    • A. 

      Nasopharynx

    • B. 

      Laryngopharynx

    • C. 

      Oropharynx

    • D. 

      Pharynx

    • E. 

      Eustachian tube

  • 70. 
    Leads to esophagus and larynx.
    • A. 

      Pharynx

    • B. 

      Oropharynx

    • C. 

      Eustachian tube

    • D. 

      Nasopharynx

    • E. 

      Laryngopharynx

  • 71. 
    Auditory tube. Connects nasopharynx to middle ear. Regulates air pressure inside and outside ear drum (tempanum) to allow for equalization.
    • A. 

      Oropharynx

    • B. 

      Nasopharynx

    • C. 

      Eustachian tube

    • D. 

      Pharynx

    • E. 

      Laryngopharynx

  • 72. 
    Posterior to nasal cavities, superior to soft palate.
    • A. 

      Oropharynx

    • B. 

      Eustachian tube

    • C. 

      Pharynx

    • D. 

      Laryngopharynx

    • E. 

      Nasopharynx

  • 73. 
    Submucosa of esophogus.
    • A. 

      Mucosa (lining)

    • B. 

      Musculature

    • C. 

      Connective tissue

    • D. 

      Adventitia

  • 74. 
    Outer layer of esophagus made of connective tissue rather than a serosa.
    • A. 

      Submucosa

    • B. 

      Musculature

    • C. 

      Adventitia

    • D. 

      Mucosa (lining)

  • 75. 
    Stratified squamous epithelium ( of esophagus).
    • A. 

      Musculature

    • B. 

      Submucosa

    • C. 

      Adventitia

    • D. 

      Mucosa (lining)

  • 76. 
    Chemical digestion initiated here.
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Small intestine

  • 77. 
    Between the esophagus and small intestine.
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Stomach

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

  • 78. 
    _______ prevents itself from being digested by a thick coat of mucus.
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Large intestine

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 79. 
    Most of digestion and absorption occurs here. 
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Small intestines

    • D. 

      Liver

  • 80. 
    Between stomach and large intestines.
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Small intestines

    • C. 

      Pancreas

  • 81. 
    1 of 3 divisions of the small intestines that extends from stomach (1 foot).
    • A. 

      Two of these

    • B. 

      Jejunum

    • C. 

      Ileum

    • D. 

      Duodenum

  • 82. 
    1 of 3 divisions of the small intestines that follows duodenum (3 feet); empty at death.
    • A. 

      Jejunum

    • B. 

      Ileum

    • C. 

      Duodenum

  • 83. 
    1 of 3 divisions of the small intestines that ends where large intestines begins (6 feet).
    • A. 

      Ileum

    • B. 

      Jejunum

    • C. 

      Duodenum

  • 84. 
    Loss of muscle tone at death makes it lax and much longer than the normal 10 feet; 1 inch in diameter.
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Small intestines

    • C. 

      Large intestines

    • D. 

      Liver

    • E. 

      Pancreas

  • 85. 
    Located near junction of stomach and small intestines. (well defined in humans)
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Large intestines

  • 86. 
    1 of 3 divisions in the pancreas --- left side that shortens in width.
    • A. 

      Tapered

    • B. 

      Head

    • C. 

      Tail

  • 87. 
    1 of 3 divisions of pancreas ---- terminal end of pancreas
    • A. 

      Tapered

    • B. 

      Head

    • C. 

      Tail

  • 88. 
    1 of 3 divisions in pancreas --- expanded and near duodenum.
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Head

    • C. 

      Tail

  • 89. 
    Release of water, enzymes, and other substances from patches of cells known as acini into ducts (1 of the dual functions of the pancreas).
    • A. 

      Endocrine

    • B. 

      Exocrine

  • 90. 
    Islands of langerhans----specialized cells that secrete hormones (insulin) into tissue fluid and then enters capillaries of circulatory system (1 of the dual functions of the pancreas).
    • A. 

      Exocrine

    • B. 

      Endoncrine

  • 91. 
    Brownish figure posterior to diaphragm; function=production of bile.
    • A. 

      Small intestines

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Stomach

    • D. 

      Liver

  • 92. 
    Divides right and left sides of liver.
    • A. 

      Bile

    • B. 

      Bile tract

    • C. 

      Falciform ligament

    • D. 

      Bile pigment

  • 93. 
    Gives fecal matter its characteristic colorization.
    • A. 

      Bile tract

    • B. 

      Falciform ligament

    • C. 

      Bile pigment

    • D. 

      Bile

  • 94. 
    Transports bile into small intestines.
    • A. 

      Bile

    • B. 

      Bile tract

    • C. 

      Falciform ligament

    • D. 

      Bile pigment

  • 95. 
    Prepares fats for digestion by acting on surface tension and breaking fat into smaller droplets 
    • A. 

      Falciform ligament

    • B. 

      Bile tract

    • C. 

      Bile pigment

    • D. 

      Bile

  • 96. 
    The break down of fat into smaller droplets.
    • A. 

      Bile tract

    • B. 

      Emulsification

    • C. 

      Bile

    • D. 

      Bile pigment

    • E. 

      Falciform ligament

  • 97. 
    All secrete materials or saliva that enters oral cavity.
    • A. 

      Stomach ducts

    • B. 

      Liver glands

    • C. 

      Pancreas ducts

    • D. 

      Salivary glands

  • 98. 
    Made mostly of water and contains salivary amylase=ptyalin as well as mucous.
    • A. 

      Mucous

    • B. 

      Saliva

    • C. 

      Bile

    • D. 

      Glands

  • 99. 
    Slimy substance that aids in the ease of swallowing and aids in formation of bolus.
    • A. 

      Mucous

    • B. 

      Glands

    • C. 

      Saliva

    • D. 

      Bile