The Ultimate Anatomy And Physiology Quiz!

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 14387

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The Ultimate Anatomy And Physiology Quiz!

The human body is fascinating, and we get to learn more about how it carries out its functions by studying its anatomy and physiology. Just how attentive have you been in your biology classes? Take up the anatomy and physiology quiz below and see which topics you need to study more on before the final exam. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following blood vessels carries blood towards the heart?
    • A. 

      Veins

    • B. 

      Arteries

    • C. 

      Capillaries

    • D. 

      The aorta

  • 2. 
    What is the purpose of the heart valves?
    • A. 

      To allow gaseous exchange.

    • B. 

      To prevent gaseous exchange.

    • C. 

      To allow backflow of blood.

    • D. 

      To prevent backflow of blood.

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      Left ventricle, aorta, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, vena cava, and, right atrium

    • B. 

      Right ventricle, pulmonary artery, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, pulmonary veins, left atrium

    • C. 

      Right ventricle, aorta, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, vena cava, left atrium

    • D. 

      Left ventricle, pulmonary artery, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins, pulmonary veins, right atrium

  • 4. 
    Why does the left ventricle have thicker walls than the right ventricle?
    • A. 

      So it can pump blood more forcefully

    • B. 

      So it can pump blood less forcefully

    • C. 

      To allow gaseous exchange

    • D. 

      To prevent gaseous exchange

  • 5. 
    Which of the following carries oxygenated blood to the heart from the lungs?
    • A. 

      The aorta

    • B. 

      The pulmonary vein

    • C. 

      The venae cavae

    • D. 

      The pulmonary artery

  • 6. 
    Which of the following describes a long bone?
    • A. 

      It is curved to help absorb stress

    • B. 

      It provides protection and sites for muscle attachment

    • C. 

      It is almost equal in length and width

    • D. 

      It has a very complex shape

  • 7. 
    Which of the following muscles lifts the ribs to expand the chest cavity?
    • A. 

      The diaphragm

    • B. 

      The internal intercostals

    • C. 

      The external intercostals

    • D. 

      The pectoralis major

  • 8. 
    Which arrow is pointing to the larynx?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 9. 
    Which of the following gases diffuses into the alveoli from the capillaries to be exhaled?
    • A. 

      Nitrogen

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Oxygen

    • D. 

      Carbon monoxide

  • 10. 
    Where would you find the tarsals?
    • A. 

      The upper arm

    • B. 

      The wrist

    • C. 

      The upper leg

    • D. 

      The foot

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is a function of the skeleton?
    • A. 

      It supplies oxygen to working muscles

    • B. 

      It makes ATP for energy

    • C. 

      It stores ATP for energy

    • D. 

      It protects vital organs

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Ilium

    • B. 

      Ischium

    • C. 

      Sacrum

    • D. 

      Coccyx

  • 13. 
    Which of the following forms a part of the axial skeleton?
    • A. 

      The ulna

    • B. 

      The tibia

    • C. 

      The ribs

    • D. 

      The scapula

  • 14. 
    Which of the following description is describing an irregular bone?
    • A. 

      Curved to help absorb stress from the body

    • B. 

      Thin, give protection to internal organs, provide sites for muscle attachment

    • C. 

      Almost equal in width and length, cube shape

    • D. 

      Have complex shapes

  • 15. 
    Which type of bone is the femur?
    • A. 

      Long

    • B. 

      Flat

    • C. 

      Short

    • D. 

      Irregular

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      16

    • B. 

      14

    • C. 

      18

    • D. 

      20

  • 17. 
    In the process of ossification, what does bone develop from?
    • A. 

      Bone marrow

    • B. 

      Ligaments

    • C. 

      Cartilage

    • D. 

      Synovial fluid

  • 18. 
    What effect does regular weight-bearing exercise have on joints?
    • A. 

      Increased ligament strength

    • B. 

      Increased mitochondria density

    • C. 

      Increased joint friction

    • D. 

      Increased joint volume

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      The femur and tibia

    • B. 

      The pelvis and hip

    • C. 

      The radius and ulna

    • D. 

      The clavicle and humerus

  • 20. 
    To what part of the synovial joint is the arrow pointing?
    • A. 

      Diaphysis

    • B. 

      Bone marrow

    • C. 

      Ligaments

    • D. 

      Red blood cells

  • 21. 
    Which joint action is taking place when the palm turns upwards?
    • A. 

      Pronation

    • B. 

      Supination

    • C. 

      Adduction

    • D. 

      Abduction

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Lateral Flexion

    • B. 

      Rotation

    • C. 

      Flexion

    • D. 

      Extension

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Biceps

    • B. 

      Hamstrings

    • C. 

      Trapezius

    • D. 

      Soleus

  • 24. 
    Where would you find the cardiac muscle?
    • A. 

      The veins

    • B. 

      The arteries

    • C. 

      The heart

    • D. 

      The lungs

  • 25. 
    What is the function of actin and myosin filaments?
    • A. 

      Muscle fibre breakdown

    • B. 

      Energy production

    • C. 

      Muscle contraction

    • D. 

      Regeneration of ATP

  • 26. 
    Which of the following is predominantly recruited during a 10 km walk?
    • A. 

      Slow twitch muscle fibers

    • B. 

      The creatine phosphate system

    • C. 

      Fast twitch muscle fibres

    • D. 

      The lactic acid system

  • 27. 
    Which one of these is a type of voluntary muscle?
    • A. 

      Gastrointestinal

    • B. 

      Biceps

    • C. 

      Heart muscle

    • D. 

      Capillaries

  • 28. 
    Which of the following is a component of muscle structure?
    • A. 

      Sarcomere

    • B. 

      Synovial membrane

    • C. 

      The epiphysis

    • D. 

      The periosteum

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      Latissimus dorsi

    • B. 

      Erector spinae

    • C. 

      Triceps

    • D. 

      Medial deltoids

  • 30. 
    What term describes a muscle that assists the prime mover?
    • A. 

      Agonist

    • B. 

      Antagonist

    • C. 

      Synergist

    • D. 

      Fixator

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is the antagonist during a calf raise?
    • A. 

      Gastrocnemius

    • B. 

      Tibialis anterior

    • C. 

      The quadriceps

    • D. 

      The hamstring

  • 32. 
    Which of the following describes a concentric contraction?
    • A. 

      A muscle develops tension and shortens

    • B. 

      A muscle develops tension and lengthens

    • C. 

      A muscle develops tension but muscle length remains the same

    • D. 

      A muscle develops tension to fix a joint in one position

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      Up to 4 seconds

    • B. 

      Up to 6 seconds

    • C. 

      Up to 20 seconds

    • D. 

      Up to 120 seconds

  • 34. 
    Which of the following nutrients can be stored in the muscle and liver?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate

    • B. 

      Fat

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      Fibre

  • 35. 
    During an activity that lasts for 20 minutes which energy system will be predominantly used to produce ATP?
    • A. 

      The phosphocreatine system

    • B. 

      The aerobic system

    • C. 

      The lactic acid system

    • D. 

      The cardiovascular system

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      A muscle that assists in carrying out a joint action

    • B. 

      A muscle that has the main role in carrying out a joint action

    • C. 

      A muscle that relaxes while the prime mover contracts

    • D. 

      A muscle that stabilises a joint during an exercise

  • 37. 
    What is the antagonist during a dumbbell curl exercise?
    • A. 

      The triceps

    • B. 

      The biceps

    • C. 

      The deltoids

    • D. 

      The pectorals

  • 38. 
    What will happen to slow-twitch muscle fibers as a result of long term endurance training?
    • A. 

      They will develop more mitochondria

    • B. 

      The will use less oxygen

    • C. 

      Metabolic activity will decrease

    • D. 

      They will fatigue more quickly

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      The amount of glycogen stored in the muscle

    • B. 

      The amount of fat stored in the muscle

    • C. 

      The range of movement at the working joint

    • D. 

      The number of motor units recruited

  • 40. 
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D