Anatomy & Physiology Exam#2

78 Questions | Total Attempts: 36

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Physiology Exam Quizzes & Trivia

(Bones and joints and muscles)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not a step in the formation of endochondral bone?
    • A. 

      Hyaline cartilage develops in to the shape of the future bone

    • B. 

      Periosteum forms from connective tissue on the outside of the developing bone

    • C. 

      Hyaline cartilage changes to adipose tissue

    • D. 

      Osteoblasts deposit osseous tissue in place of the disintegrating cartilage.

  • 2. 
    The hard palate is composed of the
    • A. 

      Sphenoid and ethmoid bones

    • B. 

      Nasal conchae and vomer bones

    • C. 

      Zygomatic and lacrimal bones

    • D. 

      Maxillary and palatine bones

  • 3. 
    The coxal bones include the
    • A. 

      Ilium

    • B. 

      Ischium

    • C. 

      Pubis

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is a function of the skeletal system?
    • A. 

      Responsible for the production of blood cells

    • B. 

      Storage of inorganic salts

    • C. 

      Protection of organs, especially in the head and thorax

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is an example of the intramembranous bone?
    • A. 

      The parietal bone of the skull

    • B. 

      The phalanges of the fingers

    • C. 

      The humerus of the arm

    • D. 

      The femur of the leg

  • 6. 
    The presence of a cartilaginous epiphyseal disk indicates that 
    • A. 

      The bone length is increasing

    • B. 

      The bone length is no longer increasing

    • C. 

      The bone diameter is increasing

    • D. 

      The bone is dead

  • 7. 
    At what age are all bones normally ossified?
    • A. 

      At birth

    • B. 

      5 years

    • C. 

      15 years

    • D. 

      25 years

  • 8. 
    Endochondral ossification involves ___________, whereas intramembranous ossification involves _________.
    • A. 

      Forming bone by replacing hyaline cartilage; replacing connective tissue

    • B. 

      Forming bone in broad, flat area of the skull; the arms and legs

    • C. 

      Hardening of the bone as a result of deposition of calcium salts; osteoclast cells

    • D. 

      Forming bone by the action of the osteocytes; the action of osteoblasts

  • 9. 
    Osteoblasts are _________, whereas osteoclasts are _____________.
    • A. 

      Bone forming cells; bone destroying cells

    • B. 

      Mature bone cells ; bone forming cells

    • C. 

      Bone forming cells; mature bone cells

    • D. 

      Bone destroying cells; bone forming cells

  • 10. 
    Osteoclast cells are defined as
    • A. 

      Bone cells that secrete bone matrix

    • B. 

      Mature bone cells that maintain the matrix

    • C. 

      Immature bone cells that give rise to osteocytes

    • D. 

      Bone cells that resorb bone tissue

  • 11. 
    The effects of exercise on bones are to _________ and to __________.
    • A. 

      Thicken ; elongate

    • B. 

      Elongate; weaken

    • C. 

      Thicken ; strengthen

    • D. 

      Thin; atrophy

  • 12. 
    The proximal ___________ is an expanded portion of the bone that articulates with another bone.
    • A. 

      Cartilage

    • B. 

      Trabeculae

    • C. 

      Epiphysis

    • D. 

      Diaphysis

  • 13. 
    The white substance that reduces friction, found at the ends of bones is called
    • A. 

      The epiphysis

    • B. 

      Articular cartilage

    • C. 

      The periosteum

    • D. 

      The endosteum

  • 14. 
    Articular cartilage is made from
    • A. 

      Fibrocartilage

    • B. 

      Endochondral cartilage

    • C. 

      Hyoid cartilage

    • D. 

      Hyaline cartilage

  • 15. 
    Osteoclasts are large cells that cause breakdown of osseous tissue
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    The tarsal bones form the wrist
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The appendicular skeleton consists of parts that support and protect the head, neck and trunk.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Osteocytes become osteoblasts when they are completely surrounded by bony matrix.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The tough, fibrous tissue that encloses a long bone is called the ________.
  • 20. 
    The xyphoid process is part of the _______.
  • 21. 
    Bone forming cells are called __________.
  • 22. 
    The joints between the bodies of the vertebrae of the backbone are best described as
    • A. 

      Immovable

    • B. 

      Slightly movable

    • C. 

      Freely movable

    • D. 

      Synovial

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is a synovial joint?
    • A. 

      Condyloid

    • B. 

      Ball and socket

    • C. 

      Saddle

    • D. 

      Symphysis pubis

  • 24. 
    A suture is an example of a(n)
    • A. 

      Fibrous joint

    • B. 

      Cartilaginous joint

    • C. 

      Synovial joint

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    Cartilaginous joints are connected by
    • A. 

      Synovial fluid

    • B. 

      Bibrous connective tissue

    • C. 

      Hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage

    • D. 

      A joint capsule

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