Anatomy Class Test 3: Cardiovascular System (Arteries, Veins And Lymph)

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 105

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Anatomy Class Test 3: Cardiovascular System (Arteries, Veins And Lymph)

The questions in this bank have been compiled by senior students at Masaryk University, and are intended to help better prepare you for your final exam. Please note, these questions are NOT past papers. The questions were put together using the Course Syllabus, Lectures, and the faculty recommended text books 'Clinically Orientated Anatomy', 'Internal Organs, Vol 2', and 'Instant Anatomy'.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Paries inferior of the right atrium does not contain:
    • A. 

      Ostium v. cavae superioris

    • B. 

      Valvula v. cavae inf.

    • C. 

      Ostium sinus coronarii

    • D. 

      Valcula sinus coronarii

    • E. 

      Ostium v. cavae inferioris

  • 2. 
    The left coronary artery:
    • A. 

      Originates from the left ventricular sinus

    • B. 

      Ascends on posterior surface of left atrium to the SA node

    • C. 

      Anastamoses with the right coronary artery

    • D. 

      Distributes to the SA node

    • E. 

      All statements are correct

  • 3. 
    The right coronary artery:
    • A. 

      Originates from the right aortic sinus

    • B. 

      Follows the coronary groove between the atria and ventricles

    • C. 

      Distributes to the SA node

    • D. 

      Distributes to the AV node

    • E. 

      All statements are correct

  • 4. 
    The right coronary artery does not suppy:
    • A. 

      The right atrium

    • B. 

      The right ventricle

    • C. 

      The SA node

    • D. 

      The AV node

    • E. 

      None of the answers are correct

  • 5. 
    The interior of the left atrium:
    • A. 

      Walls covered with a mesh of trabeculae carneae

    • B. 

      Has four pulmonary veins entering its posterior wall

    • C. 

      Has a thinner wall than the right atrium

    • D. 

      Contains anterior and posterior papillary muscles

    • E. 

      None of the answers are correct

  • 6. 
    The interior of the left atrium:
    • A. 

      Walls covered with a mesh of trabeculae carneae

    • B. 

      Has four pulmonary veins entering its posterior wall

    • C. 

      Has a thinner wall than the right atrium

    • D. 

      Contains anterior and posterior papillary muscles

    • E. 

      None of the answers are correct

  • 7. 
    When systole begins:
    • A. 

      Tricuspid and mitral valves open

    • B. 

      Pulmonary and aortic valves open

    • C. 

      Atria contract

    • D. 

      Blood is ejected from the atria

    • E. 

      None of the answers are correct

  • 8. 
    When diastole begins:
    • A. 

      AV valves close

    • B. 

      Pulmonary and aortic valves open

    • C. 

      Atria contract

    • D. 

      Blood is ejected from the ventricles

    • E. 

      None of the answers are correct

  • 9. 
    The circumflex artery:
    • A. 

      Is a branch of the right coronary artery

    • B. 

      Runs to the anterior surface of the heart

    • C. 

      Supplies the left atrium and the left ventricle

    • D. 

      Anastamoses with the left coronary artery

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 10. 
    The SA node:
    • A. 

      Is located anterolaterally just deep to the epicardium at the junction of the SVC and the right atrium

    • B. 

      Is near the superior end of the sulcus terminalis

    • C. 

      Initiates and regulates impulses for contraction of the heart

    • D. 

      Is supplied by both divisions of the autonomic nervous system by the cardiac plexus

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 11. 
    Superior mediastinum does not contain:
    • A. 

      Thymus

    • B. 

      Brachiocephalic veins

    • C. 

      Superior Vena Cava

    • D. 

      Prevertebral muscles

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 12. 
    The thymus: 
    • A. 

      Is a primary lymphoid organ

    • B. 

      Is located in the anterior part of the superior mediastinum

    • C. 

      Lies posterior to the manubrium

    • D. 

      Is supplied by branches of the internal thoracic arteries

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 13. 
    Which of the statements about the endocardium is incorrect:
    • A. 

      Is a thin glossy connective tissue membrane lining the heart chambers

    • B. 

      Lines the surface of all valves

    • C. 

      Is thicker in ventricles than in atria

    • D. 

      Has continuous endothelium with the vessels of the heart

    • E. 

      Is thicker in the left side of the heart

  • 14. 
    The myocardium:
    • A. 

      In the atria consists of three layers

    • B. 

      In the ventricles consists of two layers

    • C. 

      The superficial layer is common for both ventricles, forms the left-hand spiral to the apex - vortex cordis

    • D. 

      The deep layer is seperate for each ventricle and is circular

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 15. 
    The ascending aorta:
    • A. 

      Originates from the aortic orifice of the left ventricle

    • B. 

      Ascends approximately 5cm to the sternal angle

    • C. 

      Gives rise to the right and left coronary arteries

    • D. 

      Commences on a level with the lower border of the third costal cartilage

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 16. 
    The arch of the aorta:
    • A. 

      Is the posterior aspect of the thoracic aorta

    • B. 

      Runs anteriorly to the oesophagus

    • C. 

      Arches anteriorly on the right side of the trachea

    • D. 

      Is superior to the left main bronchus

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 17. 
    The thoracic aorta:
    • A. 

      Is a continuation of the arch of the aorta

    • B. 

      Descends in the posterior mediastinum

    • C. 

      Gives rise to posterior intercostal arteries

    • D. 

      Gives rise to some phrenic arteries and visceral branches

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 18. 
    Which statement about ligamentum arteriosum is incorrect:
    • A. 

      Is a remnant of fetal ductus arteriosus

    • B. 

      Starts from the root of the left pulmonary artery

    • C. 

      Passes to the superior surface of the arch of the aorta

    • D. 

      Runs in close proximity to the left recurrent laryngeal vein

    • E. 

      Arises near the superior surface of the pulmonary trunk

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is not a branch of the aortic arch:
    • A. 

      Brachicephalic trunk

    • B. 

      Left common carotid artery

    • C. 

      Left subclavian artery

    • D. 

      Posterior intercostal artery

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 20. 
    The common iliac veins:
    • A. 

      Are found at the level of the fifth lumbar vertebrae

    • B. 

      Form the inferior vena cava

    • C. 

      Are accompanied along their course by common iliac arteries.

    • D. 

      Drain blood from the pelvis and lower limbs

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 21. 
    Which of the following statements is correct:
    • A. 

      It is possible to auscultate the aortic valve in the second intercostal space, at the right upper sternal border

    • B. 

      The subclavian artery passes between the anterior and the middle scalene muscles

    • C. 

      The subclavian artery gives rise to the thyrocervical trunk

    • D. 

      The subclavian artery becomes the axillary artery at the lateral border of the first rib

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

  • 22. 
    In the fifth intercostal space, medial to the left midclavicular line, it is possible to auscultate the:
    • A. 

      Pulmonary valve

    • B. 

      Aortic valve

    • C. 

      Tricuspid valve

    • D. 

      Mitral valve

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 23. 
    In the second intercostal space, at the left upper sternal border, it is possible to auscultate the:
    • A. 

      Pulmonary valve

    • B. 

      Aortic valve

    • C. 

      Tricuspid valve

    • D. 

      Mitral valve

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 24. 
    The axillary artery:
    • A. 

      Supplies blood to the medial aspect of the thorax, the axilla, and the upper limb

    • B. 

      After passing the lower margin of teres minor it becomes the brachial artery.

    • C. 

      Has a part medial to the pectoralis minor muscle, and a part lateral to it.

    • D. 

      Is surrounded by the cervical plexus

    • E. 

      None of the statements are correct

  • 25. 
    The tricuspid valve:
    • A. 

      It is located on the right dorsal side of the heart, between the right atrium and right ventricle

    • B. 

      Has three papillary muscles

    • C. 

      Are connected to the papillary muscles by the chordae tendineae, which lie in the right ventricle.

    • D. 

      Can be found in some people with two or four leaflets

    • E. 

      All of the statements are correct

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