AHTC 1110: Large Animal Clinical Procedures! Trivia Quiz

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AHTC 1110: Large Animal Clinical Procedures! Trivia Quiz

Animals are not so different from each other they have some diseases that can be communicable and others that cannot be treated completely. Some of these conditions need complex clinical procedures to be taken up, and this is where your skills as a veterinary surgeon or nurse will be needed. Below is a quiz on Ahtc 1110: Large animal clinical procedures. Give it a try and review what you know.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Because equine teeth continue to erupt throughout their life time, they need continual wear or floating teeth for sharp edges.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The Galvayne's Groove first appears at the gum line in horses at about [Blank] years of age. It will reach halfway down the tooth at [Blank] years of age, and all the way down the tooth at [Blank] years of age. At [Blank] years of age, the groove will be gone from the top half of the tooth and be gone completely by [Blank] years of age. (Answer __/__/__/__/__ using only numbers)
  • 3. 
    Some signs of teeth issues are whole grain/large fibres in the manure, weight loss, intermittent colic, quidding (dropping feed) and reacting more adversely to the bit when ridden.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Wolf teeth are extracted usually at the time of castration or if having issues with the bit.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Pre-purchase

    • B. 

      Problem orientated

  • 7. 
    For a Bovine body condition score, you must base it on the:
    • A. 

      Hooks, gluteals, pins, thighs, and short-ribs

    • B. 

      Pins, tail-head, short-ribs, thighs, and neck

    • C. 

      Hooks, pins, abdomen, neck, and thighs

    • D. 

      Hooks, pins, tail-head, short ribs, and thighs

  • 8. 
    Calves are hard to score because they have too much fat cover.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    What BCS should 90% of dairy cattle be?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

    • E. 

      5

  • 10. 
    The 3 main factors that need to be considered when body condition scoring are:
    • A. 

      Breed

    • B. 

      Geographical location

    • C. 

      Genetics

    • D. 

      Age

    • E. 

      Frame size

    • F. 

      Muscle mass

  • 11. 
    The 3 times of year that beef herd should be evaluated for BCS is during a fall pregnancy check, winter feeding, and calving/30 days before breeding.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Bovine physicala exams are done by visual inspection and palpation, whereas equine physical exams are distance exams.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    A foal will have [Blank] deciduous teeth by 9 months of age.
  • 15. 
    A mature horse has between [Blank] and [Blank] teeth, depending if they have wolf teeth, or if a male - canines. (Answer  ___/___)
  • 16. 
    The first premolar is always present in all horses. It is known as the "wolf tooth."
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    In the equine dental diagrams, C1 and P1 (104/105, 204/205, 304/305, 404/405) may not always be present. C1 (-04) are the canines, and P1 (-05) are the wolf teeth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Equine teeth erupt at 2-3mm per year as wear takes place from grinding feed. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Retained deciduous teeth in horses are called "caps" and are typically extracted.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Extraction of permanent molars and incisors is a difficult task and is only performed if absolutely necessary. This is because they have 2 roots. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Horses with abnormal occlusion should be examined once per year.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Abdominal pinging is used to find gas accumulation in the abdomen. When listening, you snap your finger against the abdomen and if you hear a pining sound, its a bad sign.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Sheath cleaning is done to remove the buildup of sebum secretions, dirt, and skin cells from a horses penis. The soft, wax-like deposit/hard flakes are cleaned. The urine salts that mix with the smegma at the sheath's opening and forms what is called the [Blank].
  • 24. 
    With cattle, oral meds and fluids are given by:
    • A. 

      Balling gun

    • B. 

      IV injection - tail vein

    • C. 

      Jugular injection

    • D. 

      Drench

    • E. 

      SubQ injection

    • F. 

      IM injectioin

    • G. 

      Stomach tube

  • 25. 
    It is best to avoid IM injections in cows.
    • A. 

      Yes - but safest in the neck if IM is necessary

    • B. 

      No - can do them anywhere

  • 26. 
    To do an IV jugular administration for cattle, you must use a ____ needle.
    • A. 

      1/2"

    • B. 

      1"

    • C. 

      1 1/2"

    • D. 

      2"

  • 27. 
    It is easiest to do an IV injection in the ____ vein with a 20ga 1-1.5" needle.
    • A. 

      Jugular

    • B. 

      Cephalic

    • C. 

      Sapphenous

    • D. 

      Tail

  • 28. 
    It is safest to administer IM injections in a horse into the ____ using a 20-22ga 1.5" needle.
    • A. 

      Neck

    • B. 

      Pectoral

    • C. 

      Hamstring

  • 29. 
    [Blank] is used in horses instead of gastric intubation to help protect teeth and its easier/safer. The complication is epistaxis (nosebleeds).
  • 30. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    A CMT is done to test the teats of cattle for mastitis. It uses a CMT tray and solution to react.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    The 4 phases of healing in order are [Blank], [Blank], [Blank], and [Blank]. (Answer ___/___/___/___)
  • 33. 
    Some conditions that favour infections are foreign bodies, excessive necrotic tissue, excessive bleeding, burns, immunosuppressed, or if dirt/debris is present.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Open wounds on distal aspects tend to produce exuberant granulation tissue. Another word for this granulation is [Blank]. If not treated, the open wound will persist. 
  • 35. 
    Proud flesh is treated by:
    • A. 

      Immobilization of the wound with a cast

    • B. 

      Rinsing frequently

    • C. 

      Bandaging

    • D. 

      Topical antibiotics

    • E. 

      Corticosteroids

    • F. 

      Caustic agents

    • G. 

      Surgical (i.e. debridement, cryosurgery)

  • 36. 
    A proper equine bandage should have 3 or more layers, ample padding, wound dressing if needed, and material that is >2" wide and is stretchy if around joints. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    You should wrap an equine bandage counterclockwise on the left side or clockwise on the right side.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    Cattle require an RFID tag when sold from a farm. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Pigs are identified by ear notches or metal ear tags.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False