Africa Physical Geography

14 Questions

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Africa Physical Geography

Physical Geography of Africa, including landforms, climate, natural resources, and human-environment issues. Sources for this quiz include Chapter 18 of the textbook, Geography Alive! mapping lab, and Geography in the News "Desertification and Loss of Food Productivity"


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following best defines an escarpment?
    • A. 

      A gradual slope with a nearly flat plateau on top

    • B. 

      A steep slope with a nearly flat plateau on top

    • C. 

      A long, thin valley

    • D. 

      A steep slope leading down to a flat river valley

  • 2. 
    Which of these identifies the climate area that comprises the smallest area in Africa?
    • A. 

      Hot, dry deserts

    • B. 

      Rain forests

    • C. 

      Tropical grasslands

    • D. 

      Snow-capped mountains

  • 3. 
    Which of these could you find 6,000 feet below the Sahara?
    • A. 

      Oasis

    • B. 

      Aquifer

    • C. 

      Escarpment

    • D. 

      Silt

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not a cause of desertification?
    • A. 

      Harvesting of shrubs

    • B. 

      Overgrazing of livestock

    • C. 

      Slash-and-burn agricultural methods

    • D. 

      Drilling for water

  • 5. 
    Which of these areas has been severely damaged as a result of drilling for oil?
    • A. 

      The Niger delta

    • B. 

      The Sahara

    • C. 

      The Sahel

    • D. 

      Lake Nassar

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is a problem created by the construction of the Aswan High Dam?
    • A. 

      Regular water supply

    • B. 

      Increased irrigation

    • C. 

      Decreased occurrence of drought

    • D. 

      Decreased silt deposits on the surrounding farmland

  • 7. 
    Which country has the most cities with a population between 1-4 million people?
    • A. 

      South Africa

    • B. 

      Egypt

    • C. 

      Nigeria

    • D. 

      Morocco

  • 8. 
    Which is not found in Madagascar?
    • A. 

      Commercial fishing

    • B. 

      Trade and manufacturing

    • C. 

      Broadleaf evergreen forest

    • D. 

      Semiarid climate

  • 9. 
    Resources found in Ghana include:
    • A. 

      Oil

    • B. 

      Hydroelectric power

    • C. 

      Limestone

    • D. 

      Sugar cane plantations

  • 10. 
    The most profitable commodity in Africa is
    • A. 

      Coffee

    • B. 

      Cocoa

    • C. 

      Sorghum

    • D. 

      Wheat

  • 11. 
    Urban centers in South Africa with populations over 1 million include:
    • A. 

      Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg

    • B. 

      Port Elizabeth, Maputo, Gabarone

    • C. 

      Lagos, Abuja, Ibadan

    • D. 

      Luanda, Brazzaville, Kinshasa

  • 12. 
    The Nile Water Rights Treaty of 1959
    • A. 

      Awarded most Nile water to Sudan

    • B. 

      Replaced the Common Framework Agreement

    • C. 

      Created the Ethopian Millenial Dam

    • D. 

      Did not award any Nile water to Ethopia

  • 13. 
    The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) said that by 2030
    • A. 

      World Water Day will be the world's number one shared holiday

    • B. 

      Water supplies will become more plentiful due to icecap melting

    • C. 

      Half the world could be living in water-stressed areas

    • D. 

      Water will be more important than oxygen

  • 14. 
    The Blue and White Nile meet
    • A. 

      In Khartoum

    • B. 

      In Juba

    • C. 

      At the Aswan High Dam

    • D. 

      Near Cairo