Advanced Earth Science Semester 2 Test

118 Questions | Total Attempts: 35

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Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia

A test on everything we've learned quarter 3 and 4, by Bridget and Hannah.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An opening in earth's crust through which molten rock, gases, and ash erupt and the landform around it is called a...
    • A. 

      Geiser

    • B. 

      Volcano

    • C. 

      Deep Sea Trench

    • D. 

      Divergent Boundary

  • 2. 
    An increase in _____ can cause rock in the asthenosphere to form magma.
  • 3. 
    Name one of the three places where a volcano can form.
  • 4. 
    The Hawaiian islands are volcanic because...
    • A. 

      The pressure inside the island's core is so great that rock begins to melt and form magma

    • B. 

      The island is located in such a place that the moon's gravitational pull forces magma to the surface

    • C. 

      The formed by a subduction boundary

    • D. 

      They formed over an oceanic hot spot

  • 5. 
    Viscosity is a substance's resistance to _____.
  • 6. 
    As magma becomes more explosive, its _____ content increases.
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Lahar

    • C. 

      Carbon

    • D. 

      Silica

  • 7. 
    From least explosive to most explosive, what are the types of magma?
    • A. 

      Basaltic, andesitic, rhyolitic

    • B. 

      Rhyolitic, andesitic, basaltic

    • C. 

      Andesitic, rhyolitic, basaltic

    • D. 

      Andesitic, basaltic, rhyolitic

  • 8. 
    Magma which has reached Earth's surface is called ____.
  • 9. 
    Pahoehoe is a type of hardened lava flow.  Its surface is...
    • A. 

      Rough and jagged

    • B. 

      Smooth and rope-like

    • C. 

      Made of iron oxide due to exposure to the air

    • D. 

      Edible for dogs

  • 10. 
    Aa is a type of hardened lava flow.  Its surface is...
    • A. 

      Smooth and rope-like

    • B. 

      Edible to dogs

    • C. 

      Made of iron oxide due to exposure to the air

    • D. 

      Rough and jagged

  • 11. 
    Underwater lava flows harden into unique shapes called _____ lava.
  • 12. 
    Solid material ejected from a volcano is called...
    • A. 

      Pyroclastic material

    • B. 

      Elastic material

    • C. 

      Lava

    • D. 

      Lapilli

  • 13. 
    Pyroclastic materials can form a dense, superheated cloud that travels downhill at an amazing speed.  These clouds are called...
  • 14. 
    A shield volcano forms from hardened ____. 
    • A. 

      Pyroclastic flows

    • B. 

      Magma flows

    • C. 

      Lava flows

    • D. 

      Lahar

  • 15. 
    A cinder cone forms from hardened _____.
    • A. 

      Lava fragments

    • B. 

      Lahar

    • C. 

      Pyroclastic flows

    • D. 

      Ice

  • 16. 
    A composite volcano forms from...
    • A. 

      Hardened lava flows

    • B. 

      Hardened lava fragments

    • C. 

      Iron oxide

    • D. 

      Debris ejected from explosive eruptions

  • 17. 
    A fast moving mud flow is called a...
    • A. 

      Lahar

    • B. 

      Pahoehoe

    • C. 

      Magmar

    • D. 

      Aa

  • 18. 
    Name one of the 2 volcanoes we talked about which has erupted or will erupt violently. (Hint: Both are found in the United States)
  • 19. 
    A crater-shaped basin caused by an emptied magma chamber collapsing in on itself is known as a...
    • A. 

      Volcanic Crater

    • B. 

      Caldera

    • C. 

      Imprint

    • D. 

      Scientific Hole

  • 20. 
    One very large caldera is found in...
    • A. 

      Acadia National Park, Maine

    • B. 

      Tongass National Forest, Alaska

    • C. 

      Yellowstone National Park, Western United States

    • D. 

      Swan Lake State Park, Swanville, Maine

  • 21. 
    Basaltic lava which has poured and spread out from a fissure in the Earth's surface is called a...
    • A. 

      Lava land

    • B. 

      Lava plateau

    • C. 

      Lava park

    • D. 

      Lahar

  • 22. 
    A constellation is a ____.
    • A. 

      Group of stars in the night sky

    • B. 

      Type of star cluster

    • C. 

      Type of galaxy

    • D. 

      Element found in many stars

  • 23. 
    According to Ptolemy's scale, which stars are the brightest?
    • A. 

      Stars with the highest values

    • B. 

      Stars with values between -5 and 5

    • C. 

      Stars with the lowest values

    • D. 

      Stars with values between 5 and 20

  • 24. 
    True or false: Constellations can only be seen through a telescope.
  • 25. 
    The apparent magnitude of a star is...
    • A. 

      Its brightness 10 parsecs from Earth

    • B. 

      Its actual brightness

    • C. 

      Its brightness when viewed from Earth

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