How Much Do You Actually Know About Adrenal Gland?

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 196

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Adrenal Gland Quizzes & Trivia

The adrenal disease usually occurs when there is a tumour or a hyperactive adrenal gland that makes too much of hormones. The main diseases of a hyperactive adrenal gland include primary hyperaldosteronism, too much cortisol, and too much adrenaline. So let's try out the quiz to be aware of this disease and increase your general knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The following are secreted by the adrenal medulla except
    • A. 

      Glucocorticoids

    • B. 

      Renin

    • C. 

      Cortisol

    • D. 

      Estrogen

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    Stress and low serum concentration of cortisol response to stressors such as trauma and infection affect the secretion of _______ which is secreted by the _______
    • A. 

      Epinephrine; adrenal medulla

    • B. 

      Norepinephrine; adrenal cortex

    • C. 

      Cortisol; adrenal medulla

    • D. 

      Cortisol; adrenal cortex

  • 3. 
    Hyperaldosteronism
    • A. 

      Conn's disease

    • B. 

      Cushing's syndrome

    • C. 

      Hypersecretion of androgens

    • D. 

      Addison's disease

    • E. 

      Diabetes

  • 4. 
    The adrenal medulla secretes ___________ and ___________
    • A. 

      Epinephrine; norepinephrine

    • B. 

      Cortisol; epinephrine

    • C. 

      ACTH; PTH

    • D. 

      KSP; HGH

    • E. 

      Cortisol; norepinephrine

  • 5. 
    Aldosterone is synthesized in the
    • A. 

      Zona glomerulosa

    • B. 

      Zona fasciculata

    • C. 

      Zona reticularis

    • D. 

      Medulla

  • 6. 
    Patients who will be taking glucocorticoids long term should be warned about all the following except
    • A. 

      That weight gain and insomnia often occur when starting treatment

    • B. 

      That chronic use can lead to osteoporosis and glaucoma for which they must be monitored.

    • C. 

      that patients should wear medical identification stating that they are on chronic steroid therapy

    • D. 

      Hat patients may need to decrease dose during times of increased stress

  • 7. 
    Which of the following drugs acts as a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist?
    • A. 

      Spironolactone

    • B. 

      Mifepristone

    • C. 

      Mitotane

    • D. 

      Aminoglutethimide

  • 8. 
    What part of the adrenal gland secretes aldosterone?
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Zona fasciculata

    • C. 

      Zona glomerulosa

    • D. 

      Zona reticularis

  • 9. 
    What is the most common cause of Cushing's syndrome?
    • A. 

      Adrenal carcinoma

    • B. 

      Adrenal hyperplasia

    • C. 

      Ectopic ACTH secretion

    • D. 

      Iatrogenic

  • 10. 
    What is the most common cause of primary hyperaldosteronism?
    • A. 

      Adrenal carcinoma

    • B. 

      Bilateral idiopathic hyperplasia

    • C. 

      Conn's syndrome (adrenal adenoma)

    • D. 

      Cushing's syndrome (pituitary adenoma)