Acids & Bases Quick Quiz

14 Questions | Total Attempts: 1829

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Acids & Bases Quick Quiz

What are acids and bases? What are some properties of acids and bases?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which statement is true of all strong acids in solution?
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide is given off when strong acids react with carbonates.

    • B. 

      Ammonia is given off when they react with ammonium salts.

    • C. 

      They produce hydrogen on reaction with any metal.

    • D. 

      They have a pH greater than 7

  • 2. 
    A sample of air was bubbled into pure water. The pH of the water slowly changed from 7 to 6. Which gas in the sample caused this change?
    • A. 

      Argon

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Nitrogen

    • D. 

      Carbon Monoxide

  • 3. 
    Dilute sulphuric acid reacts with copper (II) oxide and with copper (II) carbonate. In what way are these two reactions alike?
    • A. 

      An acid is neutralised by an alkali.

    • B. 

      A gas is produced.

    • C. 

      Water is produced.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following compounds dissolves in water to give a solution with pH greater than 7?
    • A. 

      Calcium carbonate

    • B. 

      Copper (II) hydroxide

    • C. 

      Sodium hydroxide

    • D. 

      Silver chloride

  • 5. 
    Four aqueous solutions have the pH values shown below. If pairs of the solutions are mixed, which pair must produce an acidic mixture?Solution P    Solution Q    Solution R    Solution SpH:      2               6                  8                 10
    • A. 

      P and Q

    • B. 

      P and R

    • C. 

      P and S

    • D. 

      Q and R

  • 6. 
    Under suitable conditions, hydrochloric acid reacts with each of the substances. Which reaction gives a colourless solution only?
    • A. 

      Calcium carbonate

    • B. 

      Copper (II) oxide

    • C. 

      Potassium hydroxide

  • 7. 
    Which of the following substances is used to decrease the acidity in a soil?
    • A. 

      Ammonium nitrate

    • B. 

      Magnesium chloride

    • C. 

      Calcium hydroxide

    • D. 

      Potassium chloride

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is a characteristic property of alkalis in aqueous solution?
    • A. 

      They liberate (give off) ammonia when reacted with ammonium salts.

    • B. 

      They liberate carbon dioxide when reacted with carbonates.

    • C. 

      They produce hydrogen with any metal.

    • D. 

      They turn Universal Indicator paper red.

  • 9. 
    The pH of a solution of hydrochloric acid is 2. What will be the pH of the acid after 10g of sodium chloride is added to it?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      9

  • 10. 
    Give the formula of the ion which is produced in aqueous solution (when dissolved in water) byan alkali.
  • 11. 
    State the products for the reaction between magnesium carbonate and hydrochloric acid.
  • 12. 
    Alkalis are water-soluble ______.
  • 13. 
    ______ is the chemical reaction between hydrogen and hydroxide ions.
  • 14. 
    Adding hydrochloric acid to sodium hydroxide _____ the pH value.
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