Acid Base Introduction

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 66

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Acid Quizzes & Trivia

Rebecca's material with the breeze by Sally.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Margaret's pH came back with an increase of H.  What does this cause?
    • A. 

      Acidosis

    • B. 

      Alkalosis

  • 2. 
    Nick's pH came back with low H.  What does this cause?
    • A. 

      Acidosis

    • B. 

      Alkalosis

  • 3. 
    Stacy understand pH balance and sustained life when she state that pH must not be below or above these numbers by stating:
    • A. 

      PH below 6.8 or above 7.8 is fatal.

    • B. 

      PH maintained between 7.35 and 7.45 is fatal.

    • C. 

      PH below 6.7 or above 7.7 is fatal.

    • D. 

      PH above 6.8 or below 7.8 is fatal.

  • 4. 
    The nurse understand bicarbonate buffer's when the nurse states:
    • A. 

      This is controlled by the kidneys.

    • B. 

      There are about 20 bicarbonate to every carbonic acids.

    • C. 

      Bicarbonates are regulated by the hypothalmus.

    • D. 

      A & B

    • E. 

      B & C

  • 5. 
    A normal functioning kidney will react to out of balance acids within:
    • A. 

      30 minutes

    • B. 

      A few hours

    • C. 

      A few days

  • 6. 
    It could take this long for an abnormal kidney to respond to an out of balance acid level?
    • A. 

      A few hours

    • B. 

      A few days

    • C. 

      7 days

  • 7. 
    The nurse understands carbonic acid when the nurse states:
    • A. 

      Carbonic acid is regulated by the lungs.

    • B. 

      Carbonic acid is regulated by the kidneys.

    • C. 

      Carbonic acid is regulated by the hypothalmus.

    • D. 

      Carbonic acid is regulated by active cell transfer rates.

  • 8. 
    When a pt has an increase of CO2 that happens to the rate and depth of respirations?
    • A. 

      Rate increases and depth decreases

    • B. 

      Rate decreases and depth increases.

    • C. 

      Rate decreases and depth decreases.

    • D. 

      Rate increases and depth increases.

  • 9. 
    The nurse understands the relationship between PCO2 and pH when the nurse states:
    • A. 

      When there is a decrease in PCO2 there is a decrease in pH.

    • B. 

      When there is an increase in PCO2 there is a decrease in pH.

    • C. 

      When there is an increase in PCO2 there is an increase in pH.

    • D. 

      When there is an increase in PCO2 there is a decrease in pH.

  • 10. 
    The nurse understands pH and O2 release when the nurse states:
    • A. 

      In an oxygen rich environment in the alveoli, hgb will carry oxygen.

    • B. 

      In an acid environment (capillary blood), oxygen is released to the tissue and CO2 is carried back to the lungs.

    • C. 

      The O2 release does not depend on pH balance.

    • D. 

      All the above

    • E. 

      A & B

  • 11. 
    The older adult may be compromised and less able to regulate acid-base balance due to respiratory aging?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Respiratory system helps compensate pH balance by:
    • A. 

      Signaling to the kidney to release more HCO3

    • B. 

      Signaling to the kidney to hold on to more HCO3.

    • C. 

      Helps compensate by blowing off CO2.

    • D. 

      Helps compensate by holding on to CO2.

  • 13. 
    The metabolic systems helps maintain pH balance by:
    • A. 

      Signaling to the respiratory system to blow out more CO2.

    • B. 

      Signaling to the respiratory system to hold on to CO2.

    • C. 

      Kidney's hold on to H+ and HCO3-.

    • D. 

      Kidney's release more H+ and HCO3-.

  • 14. 
    The ABG value for children are 7.35 to 7.45.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    What is the key indicator that separates respiratory  acidosis/alkalosis?
    • A. 

      HCO3

    • B. 

      PaCO2

  • 16. 
    What is the key indicator in metabolic acidosis/alkalosis?
    • A. 

      HCO3

    • B. 

      PaCO3

  • 17. 
    In metabolic acidosis/alkalosis the pH and HCO3 either increase or decrease together.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    In respiratory acidosis/alkalosis the PaCO2 moves in either up or down together?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Linda's lab values from her ABG have come back.  She has a pH of 7.5, PaCO2 of 30, and a HCO3 of 26.  What is Linda's problem?
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • B. 

      Respiratory alkalosis

    • C. 

      Metabolic acidosis

    • D. 

      Metabolic alkalosis

  • 20. 
    Benjamin's labs come back.  His pH is 7.29 , his PaCO2 is 32, and his HCO3 is  40.  What is Benjamin's problem?
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • B. 

      Respiratory alkalosis

    • C. 

      Metabolic acidosis

    • D. 

      Respiratory alkalosis