Abdominal MCQ Volume 2

72 Questions
Abdominal MCQ Volume 2

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Sample Question

The duodenum lies at the level of L1-L3.

True

False

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The duodenum lies at the level of L1-L3.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The first part of the duodenum measures 15cm in length.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    The first part of the duodenum passes superiorly and posteriorly in its course.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The portal vein, hepatic artery and common bile duct past posterior to the first part of the duodenum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The first part of the duodenum has the gallbladder as an anterior relation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The duodenum receives blood supply from coeliac artery, the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The duodenal cap is located at the junction of D1 and D2.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    The small bowel mesentery is located anterior to the third part of the duodenum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    The junction between the minor and major papilla represents the division between foregut and midgut.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The third part of the duodenum has the left psoas muscle as its posterior relation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The fourth part of the duodenum passes superiorly to join with the jejunum at the ligament of Treitz.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    The superior and inferior pancreatico-duodenal arteries both supply the duodenum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    A duodenal diverticulum is most commonly seen within the second or third part of the duodenum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    An anterior relation of the second part of the duodenum is the transverse mesocolon and the small bowel mesentery lies anterior to the third part of the duodenum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    The appendix is attached to the posteromedial aspect of the caecum. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    The liver is derived from the foregut.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The duodenum is derived ONLY from the midgut.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    The hepatic flexure is the junction of the midgut and hindgut.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The lesser sac communicates with the rest of the peritoneal cavity through the epiploic foramen.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The lesser sac is bounded posteriorly by the pancreas.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The posterior boundary of the epiploic foramen is the free edge of the lesser omentum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    The gastrocolic ligament continues as the greater omentum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The jejunum contains more Peyers patches than the ileum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    The jejunum is both thicker and wider in calibre than the ileum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Valvulae conniventes represent reduplication of the mucosal membrane.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Valvulae conniventes are more prominent within the jejunum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    The small bowel mesentery extends from the level of L1 to the right sacro-iliac joint.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    The foregut extends from the mouth to the jejunum. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    The midgut extends to the hepatic flexure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    The midgut is supplied by the SMA
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    The gut herniates at 8 weeks gestational age, and returns to the abdominal cavity at 15 weeks.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    The ligament of Treitz can be used to differentiate the foregut and midgut.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    The median umbilical ligament is the remnant of the Vitellointestinal duct.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    The medial umbilical ligament is a remnant of fetal umbilical arteries.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    The lateral umbilical ligament overlies the external iliac artery.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    The ductus venosus becomes the ligamentum teres in the adult.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    The umbilical arteries connect the placenta to the internal iliac artery.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    The umbilical vein carries deoxygenated and nutrient-poor blood to the liver.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    The free edge of the falciform ligament contains a remnant of umbilical vein.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    The caudate lobe is directly connected to the inferior vena cava.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    The oesophagus commences at the lower border of the cricoid cartilage at C5/C6.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    The oesophagus can be indented anteriorly by an aberrant subclavian artery.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    The oesophagus pierces the diaphragm at the level of T8.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    The oesophagus is proximally lined by stratified squamous mucosa.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    Blood supply to the lower 1/3 of the esophagus arises directly from aorta.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    Venous drainage of the upper third of the esophagus is via the azygous vein.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    The left vagus nerve passes anterior to the right vagus nerve at the gastro-oesophageal junction.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    The cisterna chyli lies on the right side directly anterior to the L1-L3 vertebral bodies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    The thoracic duct on the left drains into the point of confluence of the left internal jugular vein and the left subclavian vein (jugolo-subclavian junction).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    The right lymphatic duct drains into the superior vena cava.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    The thoracic duct ascends lateral to the left of the descending thoracic aorta.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    The thoracic duct follows the course of the azygous vein the in upper mediastinum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 53. 
    The thoracic duct drain lymphatics from the left side of the body.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 54. 
    The thoracic duct crosses posterior to the esophagus at the level T5.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 55. 
    The right anterior portal vein supplies segments 5 and 8 of the liver.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
    The left hepatic duct divides into the left anterior and left posterior ducts.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 57. 
    The branches of the right hepatic duct unite with the left hepatic duct to form the common hepatic duct.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 58. 
    The right posterior biliary duct draining into the left hepatic duct is the most common biliary duct anatomical variant.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 59. 
    The coronary ligament connects the liver to the stomach. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 60. 
    The bare area of the liver is located within the postero-inferior aspect of the liver.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 61. 
    The left hepatic vein divides the liver into left and right lobes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 62. 
    A riedel lobe seen in at least 3% of the population.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 63. 
    The rectum contains three transverse folds of rectum called columns of Morgagni.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    The rectum commences at the level of S2.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 65. 
    The rectum contains prominent tenia coli.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 66. 
    The rectum is solely supplied by the inferior mesenteric artery.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 67. 
    The lower two thirds of the rectum are covered by peritoneum.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 68. 
    The rectum is typically 12-15cm long.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 69. 
    The internal anal sphincter is composed of involuntary muscle fibres.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 70. 
    The rectum is divided by the pectinate line.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 71. 
    Blood supply to the anal canal is solely from the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 72. 
    A portosystemic anastomosis is located between the superior, middle and inferior rectal veins.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False