Abdomen

57 Questions

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Abdomen Quizzes & Trivia

Review quiz based on Abdomen lectures 1, 2 & 3


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not true about the abdominal cavity
    • A. 

      Continuous inferiorly with the pelvic cavity

    • B. 

      Lined with peritoneum

    • C. 

      Enclosed by diaphragm at 4th intercostal space

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Which of the following regions would be located inferior to the Right lumbar region
    • A. 

      Right hypochondriac

    • B. 

      Left iliac

    • C. 

      Hypogastric

    • D. 

      Right iliac

  • 3. 
    Which is true about the external oblique
    • A. 

      Intermediate muscle

    • B. 

      Fibers run inferolaterally

    • C. 

      Inferior margin forms inguinal ligament

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    The innermost muscle of the abdominal wall is the
    • A. 

      Internal oblique

    • B. 

      External oblique

    • C. 

      Rectus abdominus

    • D. 

      Transverse abdominal

  • 5. 
    Which muscle is not involved in the formation of the linea alba
    • A. 

      Pyramidalis

    • B. 

      Internal oblique

    • C. 

      External obligue

    • D. 

      Transverse abdominal

  • 6. 
    Which of the following would be expected after injury to the abdominal wall
    • A. 

      Increased protection of abdominal viscera

    • B. 

      Increased difficulty during defecation and micturition

    • C. 

      Increased flexion of the trunk

    • D. 

      Increased control of abdominal pressure

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    Which of the following are found on the internal surface of the abdominal wall
    • A. 

      Extraperitoneal fat

    • B. 

      Transversalis fascia

    • C. 

      Parietal peritoneum

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 8. 
    Which of the following should not be cut because they cover the inferior epigastric vessels
    • A. 

      Median umbilical folds

    • B. 

      Lateral umbilical folds

    • C. 

      Median umbilical fold

    • D. 

      Inguinal ligament

  • 9. 
    Remnants of vessels supplying the fetus may be found in the
    • A. 

      Inguinal canal

    • B. 

      Scrotom

    • C. 

      Pelvic cavity

    • D. 

      Peritoneal folds

  • 10. 
    The inguinal area is  important because it
    • A. 

      Is injured mostly in females (86 %)

    • B. 

      Is clinically important because it is a site of herniation

    • C. 

      Prevents structures from entering/exiting the abdominal cavity

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Which of the following branches of the inguinal ligament attach to the pubic tubercle
    • A. 

      Lacunar ligament

    • B. 

      Pectineal ligament of cooper

    • C. 

      Reflected inguinal ligament

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Occupied by the testies and ovaries

    • B. 

      Superior to inguinal ligament

    • C. 

      Superficial ring is lateral to inferior epigastric vessels

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    Patient presents with rupture of the conjoint tendon, which of the following is likely
    • A. 

      Damage to tunica albuginea

    • B. 

      Damage in connection of viscera to abdominal wall

    • C. 

      Damage to posterior wall of inguinal canal

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    The spermatic cord
    • A. 

      Begins at superficial ring and ends at deep inguinal ring

    • B. 

      Covered by dartos fascia

    • C. 

      Contains ductus deferens, testicular artery, and pampiniform venous plexus

    • D. 

      Attaches to anterior testes

  • 15. 
    The dartos fascia
    • A. 

      Covers the spermatic cord

    • B. 

      Prevents heat loss from scrotum

    • C. 

      Connects abdominal wall muscles

    • D. 

      None of the abvoe

  • 16. 
    Sperm forms in the
    • A. 

      Tunica albuginea

    • B. 

      Linea alba

    • C. 

      Tunica vaginalis

    • D. 

      Seminiferous tubules

  • 17. 
    The closed peritoneal sac surrounding the testes is
    • A. 

      Tunica albuginea

    • B. 

      Tunica vaginalis

    • C. 

      Seminiferous tubules

  • 18. 
    The testicular artery runs retroperitoneally and enters the spermatic cord
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is extraperitoneal
    • A. 

      Spleen

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Kidneys

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    The intraperitoneal organs are found within the peritoneal cavity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The peritoneal cavity
    • A. 

      Contains intraperitoneal organs

    • B. 

      Open to erterior of body through fallopian tubes, uterine cavity and vagina in females

    • C. 

      Open to exterior by urethra in males

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    The parietal peritoneum
    • A. 

      Has the same vasculature and innervation as the region of abdominopelvic wall above it

    • B. 

      Has sensitivity to stretch and chemical irritation

    • C. 

      Insensitive to touch heat and cold

    • D. 

      Pain is referred to dermatomes supplying organ

  • 23. 
    Neurovascular communication between the body wall and the organ is a feature of
    • A. 

      Omentum

    • B. 

      Peritoneal ligament

    • C. 

      Mesentery

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    The falciform ligament
    • A. 

      Occupies inguinal canal

    • B. 

      Connects liver to abdominal wall

    • C. 

      Holds breast to skin

    • D. 

      Holds uterus in place

  • 25. 
    The greater omentum has which of the following ligaments
    • A. 

      Hepatoduodenal

    • B. 

      Falciform

    • C. 

      Hepatogastric

    • D. 

      Gastrosplenic

  • 26. 
    During your first rotation for surgery you get the opportunity to make a surgical incision through the anterolateral abdominal wall which of the following will you see
    • A. 

      The omental bursa

    • B. 

      The greater sac

    • C. 

      Kidneys

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 27. 
    Choose the best answer. the stomach is allowed free movement on adjacent structures due to
    • A. 

      Messentery

    • B. 

      Omentum

    • C. 

      Peritoneal ligament

    • D. 

      Omaental bursa

  • 28. 
    Which of the following is in the infracolic compartment of the abdomen
    • A. 

      Stomach and liver

    • B. 

      Ascending and descending colon

    • C. 

      Spleen and small intestines

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 29. 
    The paracolic gutters allow communication between compartments of the abdomen
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    The esophagus is
    • A. 

      Entirely smooth muscle

    • B. 

      Retroperitoneal

    • C. 

      Ends at esophageal hiatus

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 31. 
    *The stomach starts enzymatic digestion by using chyme to break down food
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    A thickened area of circular smooth muscle can be found in the ______ of the stomach
    • A. 

      Cardia

    • B. 

      Pylorus

    • C. 

      Fundus

    • D. 

      Body

  • 33. 
    Gastric rugae, the folds of stomach mucosa are most defined
    • A. 

      Pyloric stomach

    • B. 

      Cardia

    • C. 

      Lesser curvature

    • D. 

      A & C

  • 34. 
    The widest and most fixed portion of the small intestine is
    • A. 

      Jejunum

    • B. 

      Duodenum

    • C. 

      Illeum

  • 35. 
    The jejunum and illeum
    • A. 

      Jejunum lies in pelvis then ascends to end in medial cecum

    • B. 

      Receive arterial supply from SMA in arterial arcades

    • C. 

      Venous drainage from splenic veins that lead to SMV then portal vein

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 36. 
    Which of the following differentiates the large and small intestines
    • A. 

      Teniae coli

    • B. 

      Haustra

    • C. 

      Omental appendices

    • D. 

      Caliber

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 37. 
    This part of the large intestine has no mesentery  but has a diverticula attached with a mesentery of its own
    • A. 

      Illeum

    • B. 

      Cecum

    • C. 

      Jejunum

    • D. 

      Ascending colon

  • 38. 
    McBurney's point is significant because it
    • A. 

      Frequent point of herniation

    • B. 

      Is the base of the appendix

    • C. 

      Dermatome of referred pain

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 39. 
    The ______ colon is the most flexible and the ___________colon is retroperitoneal
    • A. 

      Descending, transverse

    • B. 

      Transverse, sigmoid

    • C. 

      Sigmoid, descending

    • D. 

      Transverse, descending

  • 40. 
    Pt presents with damage to left 9-11th ribs which of the following should you suspect
    • A. 

      Damage to liver

    • B. 

      Damage to spleen

    • C. 

      All of the above

  • 41. 
    The largest branch of the celiac trunk is the
    • A. 

      SMA

    • B. 

      Splenic artery

    • C. 

      IMA

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 42. 
    The pancreas is
    • A. 

      Intraperitoneal

    • B. 

      An accessory digestive gland

    • C. 

      Produces exocrine secretions from islets of langerhans

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 43. 
    The tail of the spleen embraces the C shaped curve of the duodenum
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    The sphincter of oddi
    • A. 

      Controls the movement of chyme into small intestines

    • B. 

      Controls the release of the bowels

    • C. 

      Controls the flow of bile and pancreatic juice

    • D. 

      Is involved in heart burn

  • 45. 
    Damage to L1 -L2 vertebrae may affect
    • A. 

      Spleen

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Liver

  • 46. 
    The liver stores glycogen, secretes bile and receives every substance absorbed from the alimentary canal
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    Morrison's pouch a radiologist and surgeion landmark is found
    • A. 

      On pancreas

    • B. 

      At the hepatorenal recess on the right side of the liver

    • C. 

      Posterior to the kidney

    • D. 

      At the subphrenic recess

  • 48. 
    Which of the following would be noted on physical exam
    • A. 

      The patients liver is behind the left 7-11 ribs

    • B. 

      The liver moves inferiorly during deep breathing

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 49. 
    The sagital fissures and porta hepatis
    • A. 

      Are remnants of the obliterated umbilical veins

    • B. 

      Demarcate the caudate and quadrate lobes of liver

    • C. 

      Deperate the right and left liver lobes

  • 50. 
    The cystic duct and common hepatic duct form the common bile duct
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    BIle is
    • A. 

      Produced in gall bladder

    • B. 

      Concentrated in the liver

    • C. 

      Stored in bile canaliculi

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 52. 
    The gall bladder
    • A. 

      Is found on the parietal surface of the liver

    • B. 

      Stores and concentrates bile

    • C. 

      The neck is at the 9th costal cartilage and tapers to porta hepatis

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 53. 
    Portal vein collects  blood that is oxygen rich and nutrient poor
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 54. 
    A patient presents vomiting blood this is  a dangerous situation that can be caused by rupture of
    • A. 

      Portal system anastamoses

    • B. 

      Esophageal varices (azygous vein)

    • C. 

      All of the above

  • 55. 
    The kidneys are
    • A. 

      Retroperitoneal

    • B. 

      Intraperitoneal

    • C. 

      Surrounded by perinephric fat

    • D. 

      A & C

  • 56. 
    The ureter is 
    • A. 

      Retroperitoneal

    • B. 

      A muscular duct

    • C. 

      Constricted at pelvic brim, at entrance to bladder and junction with renal pelvis

    • D. 

      A & C

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 57. 
    The adrenal gland s has a cortex and medulla however the right is pyramidal and the left is crescent shaped
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False