Abdomen 2-midterm Review (Workbook Q.)

88 Questions | Total Attempts: 56

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Inflammation Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is an inflammatory response?
    • A. 

      Hematoma

    • B. 

      Hernia

    • C. 

      Abscess

    • D. 

      Lipoma

  • 2. 
    In order to determine if an abscess in intraperitoneal or extraperitoneal, what structure must the sonographer demonstrate?
    • A. 

      Linea alba

    • B. 

      Peritoneal line

    • C. 

      Rectus abdominus

    • D. 

      Diaphragm

  • 3. 
    Which of the following may be a contraindication to sonography guided aspiration?
    • A. 

      Septations within the abscess

    • B. 

      Particulate debris floating within the abscess

    • C. 

      An echoic abscess with increased through transmission

    • D. 

      An echogenic abscess

  • 4. 
    Which of the following statements regarding hematomas is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Post surgical hematomas are usually retroperitoneal

    • B. 

      The echogenicity and sonographic appearance of a hematoma will vary depending on its age

    • C. 

      The most common abdominal wall hematomas occur within the rectus sheath

    • D. 

      Hematomas are associated with mucular trauma that results in hemorrhage

  • 5. 
    What is the most common content in an abdominal wall hernia?
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Bowel

    • C. 

      Free fluid

    • D. 

      Fat

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not a ventral hernia?
    • A. 

      Umbilical

    • B. 

      Inguinal

    • C. 

      Hypogastric

    • D. 

      Epigastric

  • 7. 
    What is the most common type of ventral hernia?
    • A. 

      Umbilical

    • B. 

      Inguinal

    • C. 

      Hypogastric

    • D. 

      Epigastric

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is the most common benign tumor of the abdominal wall?
    • A. 

      Desmoid tumor

    • B. 

      Sarcoma

    • C. 

      Neuroma

    • D. 

      Lipoma

  • 9. 
    Which of the following typically occurs when a nerve is damaged during surgery?
    • A. 

      Desmoid tumor

    • B. 

      Sarcoma

    • C. 

      Neuroma

    • D. 

      Lipoma

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is another term for plural effusion?
    • A. 

      Hydrothorax

    • B. 

      Ascites

    • C. 

      Eventration

    • D. 

      Pneumothorax

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is a abnormal elevation of the diaphragm due to developmental anomaly?
    • A. 

      Plural effusion

    • B. 

      Eventration

    • C. 

      Diaphragmatic paralysis

    • D. 

      Diaphragmatic hernia

  • 12. 
    Over half of infants born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia die from what medical condition?
    • A. 

      Cardiac failure

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Renal failure

    • D. 

      Respiration failure

  • 13. 
    Which of the following may be seen in the thoracic cavity in a fetus with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia?
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Spleen

    • C. 

      Stomach

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    Transudative ascites is typically associated with:
    • A. 

      Inflammatory bowel disease

    • B. 

      Ovarian cancer

    • C. 

      Congestive heart failure

    • D. 

      Peritonitis

  • 15. 
    Ascites typically collects in all of the following potential spaces except:
    • A. 

      Morrisons pouch

    • B. 

      Pouch of douglas

    • C. 

      Parabolic gutters

    • D. 

      Pleural space

  • 16. 
    Due to the high frequency of appendicitis and duodenal ulcers, the most common potential space for a peritoneal abscess is:
    • A. 

      Right subphrenic space

    • B. 

      Hepatorenal space

    • C. 

      Left anterior subphrenic space

    • D. 

      Space of retzius

  • 17. 
    A large hematoma may be associated with a decrease in which lab value?
    • A. 

      Amylase

    • B. 

      White blood count

    • C. 

      Bilirubin

    • D. 

      Hematocrit

  • 18. 
    The common sonographic appearance of a lymphocele is:
    • A. 

      Hypoechoic collection with thick septations

    • B. 

      Simple anechoic collection with possible thin septations

    • C. 

      Complex mass wit calcifications

    • D. 

      Thick walled collection with internal septations

  • 19. 
    An interventional procedure performed to remove ascites from peritoneal cavity is called:
    • A. 

      Thoracentesis

    • B. 

      FNA

    • C. 

      Percutaneous abscess drainage

    • D. 

      Paracentesis

  • 20. 
    All of the following statements regarding omental caking are true EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Omental caking is the thickening of the greater omentum from malignant infiltration

    • B. 

      Nodular masses may be seen sonographically deep to the anterior wall

    • C. 

      Simple transudative ascites is frequently associated with omental caking

    • D. 

      Omental caking is commonly associated with cancers of the ovary, stomach, and colon

  • 21. 
    Which of the following organs is not located in the peritoneal cavity?
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Pancreas

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

  • 22. 
    Which vessel courses posterior to the SMA and anterior to the aorta?
    • A. 

      SMV

    • B. 

      Splenic vein

    • C. 

      Left renal vein

    • D. 

      Right renal vein

  • 23. 
    Which vessel lies posterior to the bile duct and anterior to the portal vein?
    • A. 

      Hepatic vein

    • B. 

      Hepatic artery

    • C. 

      GDA

    • D. 

      Celiac axis

  • 24. 
    The celiac axis is ____________ to the origin of the SMA?
    • A. 

      Cephalad

    • B. 

      Caudal

    • C. 

      Medial

    • D. 

      Lateral

  • 25. 
    Which vessel lies posterior to the IVC?
    • A. 

      Left renal vein

    • B. 

      Right renal vein

    • C. 

      Left renal artery

    • D. 

      Right renal artery

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