Abdomen Spring Term 2012

62 Questions

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Abdomen Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _________ is the hole in the diaphragm that the IVC passes through.
  • 2. 
    The upper limit of normal for the AP of the Aorta is 6cm
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    The Main Portal Vein is made up of what 3 vessels?
  • 4. 
    The Celiac Trunk is made up of 
    • A. 

      Common Hepatic Artery

    • B. 

      Splenic Artery

    • C. 

      Left Gastric Artery

    • D. 

      RIght Gastric Artery

    • E. 

      Splenic Vein

  • 5. 
    What are the Major Lateral Tributaries of the IVC
    • A. 

      Renal Veins

    • B. 

      Right Gonadal Vein

    • C. 

      Left Gonadal Vein

    • D. 

      Right Suprarenal

  • 6. 
    The Left Gonadal Vein confluences with 
    • A. 

      Right Gonadal Vein

    • B. 

      Left Renal Vein

    • C. 

      Right Renal Vein

    • D. 

      IVC

  • 7. 
    Hepatic Veins have echogenic walls on a healthy patient
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    What makes up the Porta Hepatis
    • A. 

      Hepatic Artery

    • B. 

      Main Portal Vein

    • C. 

      IMV

    • D. 

      SMV

    • E. 

      Gastric Artery

    • F. 

      Common Bile Duct

  • 9. 
    What is the fossa where the gallbladder sits called?
    • A. 

      Ligamentum Venosum

    • B. 

      Ligamentum Teres

    • C. 

      Main Lobar Fissure

    • D. 

      Falciform Ligament

  • 10. 
    What is the ligament that orginiates from the anterior part of the LPV and is the boundary between the left and right lobes of the liver
  • 11. 
    What is the hypoechioc area within the Falciform Ligament that is the rement of the umbilic vein?
  • 12. 
    The right lobe of the liver is border by the abdominal wall laterally, the diaphragm superiorly, the falciform ligament medially and the bowel/ right kidney inferiorly
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    The caudate lobe is bordered anteriorly by the portal vein, posteriorly by the IVC, left side by the ligament venosum and right side blends into the right lobe
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    What is it called when the right lobe of the liver extends passed the lower pole of the kidney
    • A. 

      Papillary process of the caudate lobe

    • B. 

      Reidels Lobe

    • C. 

      Elongated left lobe

    • D. 

      Glisson's Capsule

  • 15. 
    What is the thin connective tissue that cover's most of the liver called?
  • 16. 
    What is the average length for the liver?
  • 17. 
    What is the area of the liver that is not covered by Glisson's Capsule?
  • 18. 
    What are the 4 functions of the liver?
    • A. 

      Metabolic

    • B. 

      Phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Detoxification

    • D. 

      Storage Site

    • E. 

      Bilirubin Metabolism

    • F. 

      Metabolism

  • 19. 
    Glycogensis is the formation of glycogen from glucose
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Glucose is the stored form of sugar
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    ALP increases with obstructive liver disease
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    AST and ALT decrease together with primary hepatocellular diease
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    What does the liver store?
    • A. 

      Salt

    • B. 

      Carbs

    • C. 

      Fats

    • D. 

      Minerals

    • E. 

      Vitamins

    • F. 

      Bile

  • 24. 
    ______ Isderived from the breakdown of RBC 
  • 25. 
    When bilirubin binds with albumin is it called
    • A. 

      Unconjugated

    • B. 

      Conjugated

  • 26. 
    When sugar binds with bilirubin in the liver is now called
    • A. 

      Conjugated

    • B. 

      Unconjugated

  • 27. 
    Increase of unconjugated bilirubin points to disease in the spleen or liver cells
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Bile is made up of water, bile salts and bile pigments
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    What is the average length of the gallbladder?
  • 30. 
    What is the function of the gallbladder
  • 31. 
    What is released by the duodenum that causes the muscles of the gb to contract and excrete bile?
  • 32. 
    What is the ULN for the gb wall?
  • 33. 
    The ULN of the Common Bile Duct is 8mm?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    How many mm are added per decade of life past 60 years?
  • 35. 
    What is the fold in the neck of the gallbladder called?
    • A. 

      Phrygian's Cap

    • B. 

      Septation

    • C. 

      Ectopic Location

    • D. 

      Hartmann's Pouch

  • 36. 
    What are the sections of the pancreas?
    • A. 

      Head

    • B. 

      Foot

    • C. 

      Base

    • D. 

      Neck

    • E. 

      Body

    • F. 

      Tail

    • G. 

      Uncinate Process

  • 37. 
    Average length of the pancreas?
  • 38. 
    The head of the pancreas sits on the aorta?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    The pancreas has both endocrine and exocrine functions
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    The exocrine function of the pancreas includes
    • A. 

      Sodium Bicarbonate

    • B. 

      Amylase

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Lipase

    • E. 

      Trypsin and chymotrypsin

  • 41. 
    Endocrine function includes beta, alpha and delta
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    The Islet of langerhans in an exocrine function
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    Which kidney sits more superior in the body?
    • A. 

      Left

    • B. 

      Right

  • 44. 
    What is the area of the kidney called where the ureters enter/collect the urine?
  • 45. 
    What is the area on the bladder where the ureters and urethra enter/exit?
  • 46. 
    What is the average length for a kidney?
  • 47. 
    The kidneys should be within 3cm in length of each other
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 48. 
    What is it called when one kidney takes over for the other?
  • 49. 
    Bilateral kidney disease known as uremia can be fatal
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    What is the functioning unit of the kidneys?
  • 51. 
    Cortex includes
    • A. 

      Corpuscle

    • B. 

      Loop of Henle

    • C. 

      Collecting Duct

    • D. 

      Proximal Convoluted Tubule

    • E. 

      Distal Convoluted Tubule

  • 52. 
    Medulla includes
    • A. 

      Loop of Henle

    • B. 

      Corpuscle

    • C. 

      Collecting Duct

  • 53. 
    Urine is made up of 80% water and 20% nitrogenous waste
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 54. 
    What are the functions of urine production?
    • A. 

      Filtration

    • B. 

      Tubular reabsorption

    • C. 

      Tubular secretion

  • 55. 
    Tubular reabsorption requires ______ amount of enery
    • A. 

      3%

    • B. 

      15%

    • C. 

      10%

    • D. 

      6%

  • 56. 
    The tubular secretion occurs in the proximal convoluted tubule
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 57. 
    Average length of the spleen
    • A. 

      15cm

    • B. 

      12cm

    • C. 

      10cm

    • D. 

      17cm

  • 58. 
    _______ is found near the hilum of the spleen, shaped like little rounded masses
  • 59. 
    Asplenia is associated with
    • A. 

      Congenital renal diseases

    • B. 

      Congenital heart defects

    • C. 

      Congenital liver dieases

  • 60. 
    The spleen can up 500mL of blood
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False