Language Disorders In Children

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Language Disorders In Children


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is semantic categories?
    • A. 

      Used to label words

    • B. 

      Used to sort words

    • C. 

      Used to sort word meaning

    • D. 

      Used to label word meaning

  • 2. 
    What is a minority group?
    • A. 

      Label a group of people who are discriminated against or treated with lack of equality

    • B. 

      A label that categorizes people

    • C. 

      Smallest population among a group of people

  • 3. 
    Click all the types of semantic categories?
    • A. 

      Recurrence

    • B. 

      Syntax

    • C. 

      Rejection

    • D. 

      Causality

    • E. 

      Word knowledge

    • F. 

      World knowledge

  • 4. 
    An important concept emphasized today in semantics is what?
    • A. 

      Simultaneous learning

    • B. 

      Sequential learning

    • C. 

      Slow incidental learning

    • D. 

      Quick Incidental Learning

  • 5. 
    Another name for quick incidental learning is what? (write in all lower cases)
  • 6. 
    Children who are developing in a typical manner use fast mapping to what?
    • A. 

      To learn the semantics and syntax of vocabulary

    • B. 

      To learn to categorize and understand their vocabulary

    • C. 

      To rapidly expand their vocabularies

    • D. 

      To slowly expand their vocabulary

  • 7. 
    The use of categories helps bring what to childs experiences? (type in lower case)
  • 8. 
    As children grow they also develop semantically in the ability to use what?(lower case)
  • 9. 
    Figurative language includes which of the following?(check more then one answer)
    • A. 

      Proverbs

    • B. 

      Metaphors

    • C. 

      Similies

    • D. 

      Idioms

    • E. 

      Syntax

  • 10. 
    What is a proverb?
    • A. 

      Figureof speech that uses a likeness to stand for an idea, word, or referant

    • B. 

      Expression that is unique to a certain language or group of people

    • C. 

      Wise saying or statement of truth

    • D. 

      Rules of language

  • 11. 
    The following is an example of what?"an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure"
    • A. 

      Proverb

    • B. 

      Figurative language

    • C. 

      Metaphor

    • D. 

      Idiom

  • 12. 
    What is an idiom?
    • A. 

      Wise saying or statement of truth

    • B. 

      Expression that is unique to a certain language or group of people

    • C. 

      Figure of speech that uses a likeness to stand for an idea, word, or referent

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    The following is an example of what?"that guy has a heart of gold"
    • A. 

      Metaphor

    • B. 

      Figurative language

    • C. 

      Idiom

    • D. 

      Simile

  • 14. 
    The following is an example of what?"she made money hand over fist"
    • A. 

      Figurative language

    • B. 

      Metaphor

    • C. 

      Simile

    • D. 

      Idiom

  • 15. 
    Semantics involves a persons what?
    • A. 

      Structure

    • B. 

      Use

    • C. 

      Form

    • D. 

      Vocabulary

  • 16. 
    Semantics also refers to the rules governing what?
    • A. 

      Meaning relations among words and sentences

    • B. 

      Word use

    • C. 

      Form

    • D. 

      How the words are structured

  • 17. 
    The use of figurative language depends heavily on what?
    • A. 

      Childs cultural background

    • B. 

      Childs linguistic background

    • C. 

      Child ethnic background

    • D. 

      Both childs cultural and linguistic background

    • E. 

      Both childs linguistic and ethnic background

  • 18. 
    What are the two distinct but compatable taxonomies that are used by most specialist?(more then one answer)
    • A. 

      Uses linguistic categories of semantics, morphology, syntax, pragmatics, phonology

    • B. 

      Uses linguistic categories of semantics, phonetics, and pragmatics

    • C. 

      Uses content categories of semantics, morphology, syntax, phonemes, pragmatics , phonolgy

    • D. 

      Defines content (semantics) ,form (syntax, morphology, and phonology) and use (pragmatics)

  • 19. 
    Vocabulary development depends heavily upon what? (more then one answer)
    • A. 

      Individual capacity to which each child brings to learning environment

    • B. 

      Cultural experiences

    • C. 

      Gender background

    • D. 

      Ethnic background

    • E. 

      Environmental exposure

  • 20. 
    A childs vocabulary is _____ intertwined with his/her linguistic and cultural background?
  • 21. 
    Important phenomena to consider in a childs language development is what?(more then one answer)
    • A. 

      Linguistic knowledge

    • B. 

      Cultural knowledge

    • C. 

      Word knowledge

    • D. 

      World knowledge

  • 22. 
    Involves a childs experential and autobiographical memory and understanding of particular events.(lower case)
  • 23. 
    Primarily verbal and involves word and symbol definitions(lower case)
  • 24. 
    Part of a childs semantic development also involves comprehension and use of what?
  • 25. 
    A childs word knowledge depends heavily upon his/her what?
  • 26. 
    What is a deictic word
    • A. 

      None of the following

    • B. 

      Words that take on another meaning

    • C. 

      Words whose referents change depending upon who is speaking

    • D. 

      Phrases whose referents change depending upon who is speaking

  • 27. 
    These are what kinds of words?(come, go, this, here)
  • 28. 
    Why are deictic words so challenging for CLD children who are learning english?(more then one answer)
    • A. 

      They are abstract

    • B. 

      They are concrete

    • C. 

      They change depending on who is speaking

    • D. 

      They change according to mood

  • 29. 
    It happens as language is growing, impacts acquisition 
  • 30. 
    Developmental affects what ?
  • 31. 
    Learned two (or more) languages at the same time
    • A. 

      Simultaneous bilingual language acquisition

    • B. 

      Sequential bilingual language acquisition

    • C. 

      Dominant bilingual language acquisition

    • D. 

      Balanced bilingual language acquisition

  • 32. 
    Check all the four types of bilingual language acquisition
    • A. 

      Dominant

    • B. 

      Sequential

    • C. 

      Recessive

    • D. 

      Equal

    • E. 

      Simultaneous

    • F. 

      Balanced

  • 33. 
    Race is a label that people apply to themselves and others based on physical appearance
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Race is a label that people apply to themselves and to others based on internal features
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    In simultaneous bilinguals grammatical and phonological development in both languages occurs at approximately what time?
    • A. 

      As they develop their first language

    • B. 

      As they develop their second language

    • C. 

      The same age as in monolingual children

    • D. 

      A little later then monolingual children

  • 36. 
    In simultaneous bilingual in language acquisition onset of babbling, first words, and word combinations are similar to what?
    • A. 

      Monolingual children

    • B. 

      Bilingual children

    • C. 

      Delayed children

    • D. 

      Disordered children

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      Mastered their L1 first

    • B. 

      Dominant on one language

    • C. 

      Learned both languages at the same time

    • D. 

      Learned L2 after they turned three

  • 38. 
    There are no biologically pure what?
  • 39. 
    To learn new morphemes you need to...(more then one answer)
    • A. 

      Understand the morpheme structure

    • B. 

      Understand the morpheme sound

    • C. 

      Understand free morphemes before bound morphemes

    • D. 

      Pick up meanings from the new morphemes

    • E. 

      Hear and remember how the new morphemes sound

  • 40. 
    Check all of the possible causes of SLI
    • A. 

      None of the following

    • B. 

      All of the following

    • C. 

      Poor sustained attention

    • D. 

      Phonological memory/ phonological relapse component

    • E. 

      Phonological processing/phonological working memory component

    • F. 

      Virus

    • G. 

      Genetic component

    • H. 

      Procedural deficits

    • I. 

      Congenital

    • J. 

      Traumatic brain injury

  • 41. 
    Non-word repetition uses what kind of memory?
    • A. 

      Phonological working memory

    • B. 

      Short term memory

    • C. 

      Long term memory

    • D. 

      Phonological memory

    • E. 

      Phonological relapse memory

  • 42. 
    [ SLI- Characteristics]  -- Phonology--  they will have poor discrimination of ___ strings 
    • A. 

      Short sound

    • B. 

      Long sound

    • C. 

      End sounds

    • D. 

      Beginning sounds

  • 43. 
    [SLI- Characteristics] ---Phonology--   they will have late production of ____words
    • A. 

      They will not have a problem with this

    • B. 

      Both single syllable and multisyllabic

    • C. 

      Multisyllabic

    • D. 

      One syllable

  • 44. 
    [SLI- Characteristics]--Phonology--they will have late acquisition of some syllable types
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    [SLI- Characteristics] -- Phonology--they may have late acquisition of some syntax rules
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    [SLI- Characteristics]--Pragmatics--They will have simpler _____ structure
  • 47. 
    [SLI- Characteristics]--pragmatics--They were similar to younger children and matched on what level
  • 48. 
    [SLI- Characteristics]--Pragmatics--   they were generally better than..(more then one answer)
    • A. 

      Phonology

    • B. 

      Morphology

    • C. 

      Semantics

    • D. 

      Syntax

    • E. 

      Pragmatics

    • F. 

      Pronunciation

  • 49. 
    [SLI - Characteristics]--pragmatics--They have assorted difficulty with starting , maintaining and ending conversation, verbal negotiation, and turn taking
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    [SLI- Characteristics]--Pragmatics--they have assorted difficulties with starting, maintaining, and ending narratives, verbal negotiation, and understanding social cues
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    [SLI- Characteristics]--Morphology and Syntax-- Their syntax develops _____ but on a typical trajectory
  • 52. 
    [SLI- Characteristics]--morphology and syntax--  They have difficulty saying and understanding what kinds of sentences?
    • A. 

      Shorter less complex sentences

    • B. 

      Longer more complex sentences

  • 53. 
    [SLI- Characteristics]---morphology and syntax---They have significant difficulty with ______, non content morphemes
  • 54. 
    You may hear these three words used interchangeably when talking about difficulties with language acquisition
    • A. 

      Impairment, delay, disease

    • B. 

      Impairment, delay, disorder

    • C. 

      Condition,impairment, disorder

    • D. 

      Impairment, delay, dialect

  • 55. 
    Delay/Disorder vs. Difference
    • A. 

      Affects DX, type and presence of service provider

    • B. 

      Affects type of intervention, long term goals

  • 56. 
    Delay vs. Disorder
    • A. 

      Affects type of intervention , long term goals

    • B. 

      Affects clinical DX, type, and presence of service provider

  • 57. 
    Language impairment may be due to what
    • A. 

      Deficits and/or immaturity that includes delays and disorders

    • B. 

      Deficits and/ or immaturity that includes delays and impairments

    • C. 

      None of the above

  • 58. 
    At what age are children suppose to combine words into three to five word sentences and start using "is"?
    • A. 

      Two

    • B. 

      Three in a half

    • C. 

      Three

    • D. 

      Two in a half

    • E. 

      One in a half

    • F. 

      Four

  • 59. 
    Language impairment is typically part of a broad profile of difficulties including cognitive, physical and/or social-emotional impairment
    • A. 

      Primary language impairment

    • B. 

      Secondary language impairment

    • C. 

      Deelopmental language impairment

  • 60. 
    Primary language impairment is sometimes called what
    • A. 

      Secondary language impairment

    • B. 

      Congenital language impairment

    • C. 

      Developmental language impairment

    • D. 

      Specific language impairment

  • 61. 
    Two types of language impairments
    • A. 

      Congenital

    • B. 

      Developmental

    • C. 

      Primary

    • D. 

      Secondary

  • 62. 
    "childhood aphasia" was once called what?
    • A. 

      Specific language impairment

    • B. 

      Developmental language impairment

    • C. 

      Primary language impairment

    • D. 

      Secondary language impairment

  • 63. 
    For some children , they start out as late talkers, developing language slowly.Some go on to have subtle difficulties with _____ language in school , frequently resulting in language-based learning disability.
  • 64. 
    Some children start out as late talkers, developing language slowly. Some go on to have subtle difficulties in school frequently resulting in what?
    • A. 

      Primary language impairment

    • B. 

      Secondary language impairment

    • C. 

      Specific language impairment

    • D. 

      Language based learning disability

  • 65. 
    [SLI-Characteristics]--semantics--they usually have disproportionately ____ language
  • 66. 
    Does abstract or concrete language develop first?
  • 67. 
    Abstract language develops out of what language
  • 68. 
    [SLI-Characteristics]--semantics--They have difficulties finding words 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 69. 
    [SLI-Characteristics]--semantics--They do not have difficulties finding words
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 70. 
    Developmental includes what processes
    • A. 

      Cognitive

    • B. 

      Behavioral

    • C. 

      Physical

    • D. 

      Physical and cognitive

    • E. 

      Behavioral and cognitive

  • 71. 
    Morphology involves the study of what?
    • A. 

      Word structure and describes how words are formed out of more basic elements of language

    • B. 

      Study of how sounds are put together to form words and sentences

    • C. 

      Form of discourse where the speaker tells a story or talks about a logical sequence of events

    • D. 

      The action of the syntax and semantics within the elements of language

  • 72. 
    What is a morpheme?
    • A. 

      Study of the function of language

    • B. 

      Basic unit of language

    • C. 

      Largest meaningful unit of a language

    • D. 

      Smallest meaningful unit of a language

  • 73. 
    Functions of language include which of the following?(more then one)
    • A. 

      Yelling

    • B. 

      Questioning

    • C. 

      Labeling

    • D. 

      Protesting

    • E. 

      Commenting

    • F. 

      Demanding

  • 74. 
    Pragmatics places greater emphasis on what?
  • 75. 
    Three types of morphemes
    • A. 

      Single

    • B. 

      Free

    • C. 

      Base

    • D. 

      Root

  • 76. 
    Bound or grammatic morphemes must be joined with ____ in order to have meaning?
    • A. 

      Bound morphemes

    • B. 

      Free morphemes

    • C. 

      Suffixes

    • D. 

      Prefixes

  • 77. 
    Bound morphemes can be divided into subcategories of what?(more then one answer)
    • A. 

      Prefixes

    • B. 

      Roots

    • C. 

      Free morphemes

    • D. 

      Suffixes

  • 78. 
  • 79. 
    Allomorphs are often spelled the same but _________ differently
  • 80. 
    Morphology is heavily interrelated with what?
    • A. 

      Phonology

    • B. 

      Pragmatics

    • C. 

      Semantics

    • D. 

      Syntax

  • 81. 
    Syntax involves what?(more then one answer)
    • A. 

      Word order and overall structure of the sentence

    • B. 

      Variations of morphemes and do not change the original meaning of the morpheme

    • C. 

      Use and form of the structure of the structure of language

    • D. 

      The arrangement of words to form meaningful sentence

    • E. 

      A collection of rules that specify the ways and orders in which words may be combined to form sentences in a particular language

    • F. 

      A collection of rules that specify the ways and orders in which phrases and linguistic cues may be combined to form sentences in a particular language

  • 82. 
    • A. 

      Questions

    • B. 

      Has two or more independent clauses joined by a comma and a conjunction or with a semicolon

    • C. 

      Dependent clause. Has a subject and predicate but cannot stand alone

    • D. 

      Subject and predicate

  • 83. 
  • 84. 
    Basic syntactic structure in english?
    • A. 

      Subject+verb+object sequence

    • B. 

      Subject+predicate

    • C. 

      Verb+subject+object sequence

    • D. 

      Predicate+subject

  • 85. 
    Declaratives make what?
  • 86. 
    Imperatives involve what?
  • 87. 
    Clause contains what?
    • A. 

      Subject+predicate+object

    • B. 

      Predicate+subject

    • C. 

      Subject + predicate

    • D. 

      Predicate+subject+object

  • 88. 
    Active sentences are where the subject performs what?
    • A. 

      The actions of the noun

    • B. 

      The actions of the verb

    • C. 

      The actions of the object

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 89. 
    Passive sentences are where the subject recieves what?
    • A. 

      The action of the verb

    • B. 

      The action of the noun

    • C. 

      The action of the object

    • D. 

      The action of the pronoun

  • 90. 
    Has two or more independent clauses joined by a comma and a conjunction or with a semicolon
    • A. 

      Compound sentence

    • B. 

      Subordinate clause

    • C. 

      Dependent clause

    • D. 

      Complex sentence

  • 91. 
    There are no ____ clauses in a compound sentence
  • 92. 
    An independent or main clause has a what?
    • A. 

      Subject and object and can stand alone

    • B. 

      Subject and noun and can stand alone

    • C. 

      Subject and predicate and can stand alone

    • D. 

      Predicate+object+subject

  • 93. 
    The language has lower social status, less widely used and valued
    • A. 

      Minority ethnolinguistic community

    • B. 

      Minority cultural-linguistic community

    • C. 

      Majority ethnolinguistic community

    • D. 

      Majority cultural-linguistic community

  • 94. 
    By becoming fully bilingual, individuals develop what
    • A. 

      High-level metalinguistic skills

    • B. 

      Phonological awareness

    • C. 

      High level bilinguistic skills

    • D. 

      Phonemic awareness

  • 95. 
    Another name for limited capacity hypothesis
    • A. 

      Monolingual norm assumption

    • B. 

      Semilingualism

    • C. 

      Monolingualism

    • D. 

      Single norm assumption